How to format your references using the Current Epidemiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Epidemiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Yin Q. Insolation-induced mid-Brunhes transition in Southern Ocean ventilation and deep-ocean temperature. Nature. 2013;494:222–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stuiver MH, Custers JH. Engineering disease resistance in plants. Nature. 2001;411:865–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bell G, Hey T, Szalay A. Computer science. Beyond the data deluge. Science. 2009;323:1297–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Seeger H, Heikenwalder M, Zeller N, Kranich J, Schwarz P, Gaspert A, et al. Coincident scrapie infection and nephritis lead to urinary prion excretion. Science. 2005;310:324–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Greiman VA. Megaproject Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Masys A, editor. Disaster Management: Enabling Resilience. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Selleron G, Mezzadri-Centeno T. Evaluation of prospective modelling methods: fuzzy logics and cellular automaton applied to deforestation in Venezuela. In: Paegelow M, Olmedo MTC, editors. Modelling Environmental Dynamics: Advances in Geomatic Solutions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 109–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Epidemiology Reports.

Blog post
1. Hale T. This Is Why You Should Never Wash Your Contact Lenses With Tap Water [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/this-is-why-you-should-never-wash-your-contact-lenses-with-tap-water/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Insurance Regulation: The Insurance Regulatory Information System Needs Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Nov. Report No.: GGD-91-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Butler ML. Floating Homelands: Postnational Constructions of Home in Contemporary Africana Women’s Literature [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Leland J. Carlsen, ‘Mozart of Chess,’ Overwhelms Challenger to Win Championship. New York Times. 2016 Dec 1;A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Epidemiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Epidemiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2196-2995
Scope

Other styles