How to format your references using the Current Epidemiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Epidemiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bradner JE. Cancer: An essential passenger with p53. Nature. 2015;520:626–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Scott SH, Crevecoeur F. Neuroscience: Feedback throttled down for smooth moves. Nature. 2014;509:38–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gil S, Kott A, Barabási A-L. A genetic epidemiology approach to cyber-security. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5659.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Griffith EM, Paytan A, Caldeira K, Bullen TD, Thomas E. A dynamic marine calcium cycle during the past 28 million years. Science. 2008;322:1671–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chandru V, Hooker J. Optimization Methods for Logical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1999.
An edited book
1. Backhouse R, Gibbons J, Hinze R, Jeuring J, editors. Datatype-Generic Programming: International Spring School, SSDGP 2006, Nottingham, UK, April 24–27, 2006, Revised Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bunimovich L, Webb B. Improved Eigenvalue Estimates. In: Webb B, editor. Isospectral Transformations: A New Approach to Analyzing Multidimensional Systems and Networks. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 91–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Epidemiology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Powdered Alcohol Coming To The US [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Equipment: Revised GSA Strategy for Microcomputer Purchases Can Improve Competition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 May. Report No.: IMTEC-86-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Johnson EA. Factors associated with post-stroke depressive symptoms and quality of life [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. The Mets Believe Cabrera Could Be a Keeper. New York Times. 2017 Aug 4;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Epidemiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Epidemiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2196-2995

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