How to format your references using the Oxford Review of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oxford Review of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muramatsu, T. (2002). Development. Carbohydrate recognition in spermatogenesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 53–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schneggenburger, R., & Neher, E. (2000). Intracellular calcium dependence of transmitter release rates at a fast central synapse. Nature, 406(6798), 889–893.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conroy, C., van Dokkum, P. G., & Choi, J. (2015). Ubiquitous time variability of integrated stellar populations. Nature, 527(7579), 488–491.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Eggan, K., Baldwin, K., Tackett, M., Osborne, J., Gogos, J., Chess, A., Axel, R., & Jaenisch, R. (2004). Mice cloned from olfactory sensory neurons. Nature, 428(6978), 44–49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pagliaro, M. (2010). Nano-Age. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kotsireas, I. S., & Zima, E. V. (Eds.). (2010). Advances in Combinatorial Mathematics: Proceedings of the Waterloo Workshop in Computer Algebra 2008. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Inverardi, P. (2007). Software of the Future Is the Future of Software? In U. Montanari, D. Sannella, & R. Bruni (Eds.), Trustworthy Global Computing: Second Symposium, TGC 2006, Lucca, Italy, November 7-9, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 69–85). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oxford Review of Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 18). Researchers Discover Mechanism That Drives Going To Sleep And Waking Up. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). School District Claim to Department of Air Force (B-193864). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu, J. (2010). Measurement, modeling, and synthesis of time-varying appearance of natural phenomena [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, July 15). Bill Penalizes Adults in Under-Age Drinking. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muramatsu, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Muramatsu, 2002; Schneggenburger & Neher, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schneggenburger & Neher, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Conroy et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Eggan et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleOxford Review of Education
AbbreviationOxf. Rev. Educ.
ISSN (print)0305-4985
ISSN (online)1465-3915

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