How to format your references using the Oxford Review of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oxford Review of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. (2000). TEACHER TRAINING: How to Produce Better Math and Science Teachers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5484), 1454–1455.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clayton, J., & Butler, D. (2004). The long and winding road. Nature, 430(7002), 937.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peñalver, E., Grimaldi, D. A., & Delclòs, X. (2006). Early Cretaceous spider web with its prey. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5781), 1761.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Postberg, F., Kempf, S., Schmidt, J., Brilliantov, N., Beinsen, A., Abel, B., Buck, U., & Srama, R. (2009). Sodium salts in E-ring ice grains from an ocean below the surface of Enceladus. Nature, 459(7250), 1098–1101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hannam, J. (2017). What Everyone Needs to Know about Tax. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Grass, D. (2008). Optimal Control of Nonlinear Processes: With Applications in Drugs, Corruption, and Terror (J. P. Caulkins, G. Feichtinger, G. Tragler, & D. A. Behrens, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Katz, G., Shabtai, A., & Rokach, L. (2014). Adapted Features and Instance Selection for Improving Co-training. In A. Holzinger & I. Jurisica (Eds.), Interactive Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining in Biomedical Informatics: State-of-the-Art and Future Challenges (pp. 81–100). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oxford Review of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 21). Why so many domesticated mammals have floppy ears. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Review of NASA’s Solicitation for the Leasing of Office Space in the Houston, Texas, Area (LCD-78-325). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rhode, J. F. (2008). Interaction equivalency in self-paced online learning environments: An exploration of learner preferences [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. (2015, June 14). Authentic Mexican Flavors for Summer. New York Times, LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Clayton & Butler, 2004; Mervis, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clayton & Butler, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Peñalver et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Postberg et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleOxford Review of Education
AbbreviationOxf. Rev. Educ.
ISSN (print)0305-4985
ISSN (online)1465-3915

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