How to format your references using the Drug Delivery and Translational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Delivery and Translational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Van Duyne RP. Physics. Molecular plasmonics. Science. 2004;306:985–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hillaire-Marcel C, de Vernal A. Comment on “Mixed-layer deepening during Heinrich events: a multi-planktonic foraminiferal delta18O approach.” Science. 2008;320:1161; author reply 1161.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Deng B, Zhang RQ, Shi XQ. New insight into the spin-conserving excitation of the negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5144.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Srour M, Rivière J-B, Pham JMT, Dubé M-P, Girard S, Morin S, et al. Mutations in DCC cause congenital mirror movements. Science. 2010;328:592.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Tostmann K-H. Korrosion. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Sambells J, Gustafson A, editors. AdvancED DOM Scripting: Dynamic Web Design Techniques. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Quarteroni A, Saleri F, Gervasio P. Differenziazione ed integrazione numerica. In: Saleri F, Gervasio P, editors. Calcolo Scientifico: Esercizi e problemi risolti con MATLAB e Octave. Milano: Springer; 2012. p. 115–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Delivery and Translational Research.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Anti-Landmine Drone Built By Indian Teenager Receives $730,000 Grant. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Passenger Rail Security: Federal Strategy and Enhanced Coordination Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Mar. Report No.: GAO-07-583T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mayberry DS. Total Relaxation Center, LLC [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dominus S. Refusing My Religion. New York Times. 2015 Apr 5;BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Delivery and Translational Research
AbbreviationDrug Deliv. Transl. Res.
ISSN (print)2190-393X
ISSN (online)2190-3948
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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