How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greensfelder L. INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Polio Outbreak Raises Questions About Vaccine. Science. 2000;290:1867b–1869b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang MH, vom Saal FS. Maternal age and traits in offspring. Nature. 2000;407:469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro G, Goldsby DL, Tullis TE. Friction falls towards zero in quartz rock as slip velocity approaches seismic rates. Nature. 2004;427:436–439.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choate KA, Lu Y, Zhou J, et al. Mitotic recombination in patients with ichthyosis causes reversion of dominant mutations in KRT10. Science. 2010;330:94–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mattone J, Vaidya N. Cultural Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Bach V, Delle Site L, editors. Many-Electron Approaches in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics: A Multidisciplinary View. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Huml RA. Investment Considerations for Pharmaceutical Product Portfolios. In: Antonijevic Z, editor. Optimization of Pharmaceutical R&D Programs and Portfolios: Design and Investment Strategy. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 49–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation.

Blog post
Fang J. Researchers Discover Off Switch for Ageing Cells [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highways: Acquiring Land for Federal-Aid Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988. Report No.: RCED-88-112. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendry M. The Lonely Nineteenth Century: Loneliness and the Female Protagonist in the Victorian Novel [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Scialabba G. Five Who Shook the World. New York Times. 2017 Jul 17;BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Computation and Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Comput. Simul.
ISSN (print)0094-9655
ISSN (online)1563-5163
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability

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