How to format your references using the Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis AM. Astronomy. Early solar system chronology. Science. 2009;325:951–952.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barouch DH, Deeks SG. Immunologic strategies for HIV-1 remission and eradication. Science. 2014;345:169–174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Strauss SH, Costanza A, Séguin A. BIOTECHNOLOGY. Genetically engineered trees: Paralysis from good intentions. Science. 2015;349:794–795.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shannon MA, Bohn PW, Elimelech M, et al. Science and technology for water purification in the coming decades. Nature. 2008;452:301–310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith DJ. Bond Math. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Chang CC, Incaudo GA, Gershwin ME, editors. Diseases of the Sinuses: A Comprehensive Textbook of Diagnosis and Treatment. 2nd ed. 2014. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Ćirković Veličković T, Gavrović-Jankulović M. Food Allergens Digestibility. In: Gavrović-Jankulović M, editor. Food Allergens: Biochemistry and Molecular Nutrition. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 95–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch chemicals turn into memories - the first time this has ever been recorded. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Rail Transit: Reliability of FTA’s Rail Accident Database. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011. Report No.: GAO-11-217R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le Blanc JD. Helping African American Middle School Students Transition to High School with the New Normal Project: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J. Another Sign of Trouble in Google’s Self-Driving Car Unit: Its Top Roboticist Is Leaving. New York Times. 2016 Aug 5;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Statistical Computation and Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Stat. Comput. Simul.
ISSN (print)0094-9655
ISSN (online)1563-5163
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability

Other styles