How to format your references using the Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Chambers J. Planetary science: Archaeology of the asteroid belt. Nature. 2009;460(7258):963-964.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vlaminck V, Bailleul M. Current-induced spin-wave Doppler shift. Science. 2008;322(5900):410-413.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Tripathi MK, Sahu KC, Govindarajan R. Why a falling drop does not in general behave like a rising bubble. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4771.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Choi JH, Banks AS, Estall JL, et al. Anti-diabetic drugs inhibit obesity-linked phosphorylation of PPARgamma by Cdk5. Nature. 2010;466(7305):451-456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Marston RC. Portfolio Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Breuß M, Bruckstein A, Maragos P, Wuhrer S, eds. Perspectives in Shape Analysis. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Douglass JA. Considering National Context and Other Variables. In: Douglass JA, ed. The New Flagship University: Changing the Paradigm from Global Ranking to National Relevancy. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016:103-112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Cassini Captures Gorgeous Shots Of Two Moons Peeking Through Saturn’s Rings. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Excluded Parties List System: Suspended and Debarred Businesses and Individuals Improperly Receive Federal Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Karch K. An investigation of perceptions about smart mobile phone usage as an instructional tool in a high school classroom. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Thrush G, Kelly K, Haberman M. Widespread Cuts in Trump Budget Bypass Military. New York Times. February 26, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
AbbreviationOtolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
ISSN (print)0194-5998
ISSN (online)1097-6817
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology
Surgery

Other styles