How to format your references using the Computers in Industry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Industry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Spurgeon, Farmer fined for growing GM seed, Nature. 410 (2001) 615.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.D. Purugganan, D.Q. Fuller, The nature of selection during plant domestication, Nature. 457 (2009) 843–848.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.Y. Li, X. Luo, X. Wang, Endonuclease G is an apoptotic DNase when released from mitochondria, Nature. 412 (2001) 95–99.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L.J. Cohen, D. Esterhazy, S.-H. Kim, C. Lemetre, R.R. Aguilar, E.A. Gordon, A.J. Pickard, J.R. Cross, A.B. Emiliano, S.M. Han, J. Chu, X. Vila-Farres, J. Kaplitt, A. Rogoz, P.Y. Calle, C. Hunter, J.K. Bitok, S.F. Brady, Corrigendum: Commensal bacteria make GPCR ligands that mimic human signalling molecules, Nature. 556 (2018) 135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.M. Pashley, M.E. Karaman, Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
D. Jin, S. Lin, eds., Advances in Computer Science and Information Engineering: Volume 1, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Ö. Boztaş, F. Karakoç, M. Çoban, Multidimensional Meet-in-the-Middle Attacks on Reduced-Round TWINE-128, in: G. Avoine, O. Kara (Eds.), Lightweight Cryptography for Security and Privacy: Second International Workshop, LightSec 2013, Gebze, Turkey, May 6-7, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Industry.

Blog post
D. Andrew, How to Make a Fire Tornado at Home, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Acquisitions: DOD Delivering New Generations of Satellites, but Space System Acquisition Challenges Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.M. Rodriguez, Experimental Evaluation of Cooling Effectiveness and Water Conservation in a Poultry House Using Flow Blurring Atomizers, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Mueller, Prudence or Power Grab? Cuomo Adds Troopers to New York City, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Industry
AbbreviationComput. Ind.
ISSN (print)0166-3615
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Engineering

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