How to format your references using the Computers in Industry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Industry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.M. Fischer, Waning buoyancy in the crustal roots of old mountains, Nature. 417 (2002) 933–936.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Sieberer, O. Leyser, Plant science. Auxin transport, but in which direction?, Science. 312 (2006) 858–860.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.M. Rubinstein, G. Cohen, J. Fineberg, Detachment fronts and the onset of dynamic friction, Nature. 430 (2004) 1005–1009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Roper, R. Pearce, S. Nair, B. Sharp, F. Nosten, T. Anderson, Intercontinental spread of pyrimethamine-resistant malaria, Science. 305 (2004) 1124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.A. Alberty, Biochemical Thermodynamics: Applications of Mathmatica, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
H.J. van D. Herik, P. Ciancarini, H.H.L.M. (jeroen) Donkers, eds., Computers and Games: 5th International Conference, CG 2006, Turin, Italy, May 29-31, 2006. Revised Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
P.-A. Cornillon, N. Hengartner, V. Lefieux, E. Matzner-Løber, Fully Nonparametric Short Term Forecasting Electricity Consumption, in: A. Antoniadis, J.-M. Poggi, X. Brossat (Eds.), Modeling and Stochastic Learning for Forecasting in High Dimensions, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 79–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Industry.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Now Everyone Can Help Astronomers Hunt Down Supernovae, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Mass Transit: Effects of Tax Changes on Commuter Behavior, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.D. Boudreau, Orthogonality in Natural Products Workflows, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Accuses Bush of Dodging Responsibilities, New York Times. (1992) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Industry
AbbreviationComput. Ind.
ISSN (print)0166-3615
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Engineering

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