How to format your references using the Computers in Industry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers in Industry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Schwartz, Perspective: incision revision, Nature. 516 (2014) S17.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.J. Jensen, P. Bork, Biochemistry. Not comparable, but complementary, Science. 322 (2008) 56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z.-F. Zhao, L.-Q. Dai, Y.-F. Zheng, Postcollisional mafic igneous rocks record crust-mantle interaction during continental deep subduction, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3413.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Bouillon, A. Yambélé, D.P. Gillikin, C. Teodoru, F. Darchambeau, T. Lambert, A.V. Borges, Contrasting biogeochemical characteristics of the Oubangui River and tributaries (Congo River basin), Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5402.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.J. Knight, Patent Strategy, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
R. Fangueiro, S. Rana, eds., Natural Fibres: Advances in Science and Technology Towards Industrial Applications: From Science to Market, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
R. von Massow, A. van Hoorn, W. Hasselbring, Performance Simulation of Runtime Reconfigurable Component-Based Software Architectures, in: I. Crnkovic, V. Gruhn, M. Book (Eds.), Software Architecture: 5th European Conference, ECSA 2011, Essen, Germany, September 13-16, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers in Industry.

Blog post
D. Andrew, A Tiny Version Of Hell On Earth Exists In Cleveland, Ohio, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Opportunities to Improve Planning for Solar Energy Research and Development, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.E. Verret, Property Tax Limitations, School District Revenues, and Equity: Analyses of Pennsylvania’s Act One, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Eligon, M. Cooper, Blasts at Boston Marathon Kill 3 and Injure 100, New York Times. (2013) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers in Industry
AbbreviationComput. Ind.
ISSN (print)0166-3615
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Engineering

Other styles