How to format your references using the IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Klarreich, “Wellcome Trust sets out fresh misconduct standards,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6848, p. 667, Aug. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Brown and D. Zarin, “Environmental science. What does zero deforestation mean?,” Science, vol. 342, no. 6160, pp. 805–807, Nov. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Reichenbach, M. Mobilia, and E. Frey, “Mobility promotes and jeopardizes biodiversity in rock-paper-scissors games,” Nature, vol. 448, no. 7157, pp. 1046–1049, Aug. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Chen et al., “The IL-8/CXCR1 axis is associated with cancer stem cell-like properties and correlates with clinical prognosis in human pancreatic cancer cases,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5911, Aug. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Schulze, Modern Mechanical Surface Treatment. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005.
An edited book
P. J. J. Welfens, Towards Global Sustainability: Issues, New Indicators and Economic Policy, 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Babin and A. Figotin, “Dipole Approximation for Localized Distributed Charges,” in Neoclassical Theory of Electromagnetic Interactions: A Single Theory for Macroscopic and Microscopic Scales, A. Figotin, Ed. London: Springer, 2016, pp. 101–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Scientists Discover Teeny Tiny Rare Species Of Shark,” IFLScience, Apr. 27, 2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “School Lunch Program: Buy American Procedures at Schools With Cash or Credit in Lieu of Food,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-89-183, Aug. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Garbarini, “Comparison of the Completion Pathways of Four Categories of Doctoral Students from a Midwestern University,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. V. Green, “Beds of State,” New York Times, p. 14WC15, Dec. 10, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
AbbreviationIEEE ASME Trans. Mechatron.
ISSN (print)1083-4435
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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