How to format your references using the IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Hill, “Perspective: Be clear about the real risks,” Nature, vol. 525, no. 7570, p. S14, Sep. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Kang and G. Ceder, “Battery materials for ultrafast charging and discharging,” Nature, vol. 458, no. 7235, pp. 190–193, Mar. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y.-N. Cheng, X.-C. Wu, and Q. Ji, “Triassic marine reptiles gave birth to live young,” Nature, vol. 432, no. 7015, pp. 383–386, Nov. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. C. Bower, H. Falcke, R. M. Herrnstein, J.-H. Zhao, W. M. Goss, and D. C. Backer, “Detection of the intrinsic size of Sagittarius A* through closure amplitude imaging,” Science, vol. 304, no. 5671, pp. 704–708, Apr. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Poikselkä, G. Mayer, H. Khartabil, and A. Niemi, The IMS. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2004.
An edited book
R. Landrum, Pro SQL Server 2005 Reporting Services. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Biswas, B. Banerjee, and S. Mandal, “Optimal Sample Proportion for a Two-Treatment Clinical Trial in the Presence of Surrogate Endpoints,” in mODa 10 – Advances in Model-Oriented Design and Analysis: Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop in Model-Oriented Design and Analysis Held in Łagów Lubuski, Poland, June 10–14, 2013, D. Ucinski, A. C. Atkinson, and M. Patan, Eds., in Contributions to Statistics. , Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing, 2013, pp. 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Canary In The Gold King Mine: Legacy Of Abandoned Mines Means More Spills,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at the University of Southern California and Participating Schools in Los Angeles and Riverside Counties,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-164031(1), Jul. 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. T. Schellhous, “Factors and Interactions Contributing to the Risk of Fire following Earthquake for Urban Southern California,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Marx, “Making Headlines With Their Vows,” New York Times, p. ST13, Jun. 22, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
AbbreviationIEEE ASME Trans. Mechatron.
ISSN (print)1083-4435
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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