How to format your references using the Cardio-Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardio-Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Denison R. Worlds of IIF. Nature. 2000;406:680.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jaramillo F, Destouni G. SUSTAINABILITY. Comment on “Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet.” Science. 2015;348:1217.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Schmidt MW, Vautravers MJ, Spero HJ. Rapid subtropical North Atlantic salinity oscillations across Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles. Nature. 2006;443:561–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Karoly DJ, Braganza K, Stott PA, Arblaster JM, Meehl GA, Broccoli AJ, et al. Detection of a human influence on North American climate. Science. 2003;302:1200–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Morrow E, Boaz A, Brearley S, Ross F. Handbook of Service User Involvement in Nursing and Healthcare Research. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Preedy VR, Srirajaskanthan R, Patel VB, editors. Handbook of Food Fortification and Health: From Concepts to Public Health Applications Volume 2. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hui P, Buza N. Uterine Mesenchymal Tumors. In: Buza N, editor. Atlas of Intraoperative Frozen Section Diagnosis in Gynecologic Pathology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 95–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardio-Oncology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Astronomers Snap Infrared View Of The Distant Universe 13 Billion Light-Years Away [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Comprehensive Review of U.S. Spectrum Management with Broad Stakeholder Involvement Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jan. Report No.: GAO-03-277.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pelletier JM. Effects of Data Breaches on Sector-Wide Systematic Risk in Financial, Technology, Healthcare and Services Sectors [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Matz Heads to the D.L. With a Tight Shoulder. New York Times. 2016 Aug 23;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardio-Oncology
ISSN (online)2057-3804

Other styles