How to format your references using the Cardio-Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardio-Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nilsson J. Scientists and societies. Junior Faculty at the Karolinska Institute. Nature. 2004;427:470.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shaked Y, Rose A. Microbiology. Seas of superoxide. Science. 2013;340:1176–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kim S-H, Kim H, Kim NJ. Brittle intermetallic compound makes ultrastrong low-density steel with large ductility. Nature. 2015;518:77–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Cherian PT, Wu X, Maddox MM, Singh AP, Lee RE, Hurdle JG. Chemical modulation of the biological activity of reutericyclin: a membrane-active antibiotic from Lactobacillus reuteri. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4721.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Grous A. Fracture Mechanics 3. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Vacareanu R, Ionescu C, editors. The 1940 Vrancea Earthquake. Issues, Insights and Lessons Learnt: Proceedings of the Symposium Commemorating 75 Years from November 10, 1940 Vrancea Earthquake. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hubrig S, Cowley CR, González F, Castelli F. High Resolution Spectroscopy of HgMn stars: A Time of Surprises. In: Santos NC, Pasquini L, Correia ACM, Romaniello M, editors. Precision Spectroscopy in Astrophysics: Proceedings of the ESO/Lisbon/Aveiro Conference held in Aveiro, Portugal, 11–15 September 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 19–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardio-Oncology.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Medieval “Vampires” Found Buried In Polish Graves [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/medieval-vampires-found-buried-polish-graves/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Strategic Sealift: Summary of Workshop on Crewing the Ready Reserve Force. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jun. Report No.: NSIAD-94-177.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Holvick-Norton T. Becoming Whole: The Process of Individuation for Women and Their Bodies [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Burghardt LF. The Legacies They Left. New York Times. 2006 Jan 1;14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardio-Oncology
AbbreviationCardioOncology
ISSN (online)2057-3804
Scope

Other styles