How to format your references using the Otolaryngologia Polska citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Otolaryngologia Polska. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kerr RA. EARTH SCIENCE: Did Volcanoes Drive Ancient Extinctions? Science 2000;289:1130–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Berry A, Browne J. The other beetle-hunter. Nature 2008;453:1188–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mungall JE, Ames DE, Hanley JJ. Geochemical evidence from the Sudbury structure for crustal redistribution by large bolide impacts. Nature 2004;429:546–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Müller LSM, Cosentino RO, Förstner KU, Guizetti J, Wedel C, Kaplan N, et al. Genome organization and DNA accessibility control antigenic variation in trypanosomes. Nature 2018;563:121–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
MacClancy J. Anthropology in the Public Arena. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
von Davier M, Gonzalez E, Kirsch I, Yamamoto K, editors. The Role of International Large-Scale Assessments: Perspectives from Technology, Economy, and Educational Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sebag J. Pathophysiology of the Aging Vitreous. In: Girach A, Smet MD de, editors. Diseases of the Vitreo-Macular Interface, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 29–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Otolaryngologia Polska.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Groundbreaking Skin Cancer Treatment Given Approval In Record Time. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/groundbreaking-skin-cancer-treatment-given-approval-record-time/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Human Capital System Incorporates Many Leading Practices, but Improving Employees’ Satisfaction with Their Workplace Remains a Challenge. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Benware A. The Roles of Teaching Experience and Authoritative Classroom Management Style on Student Discipline. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Justices Weigh Opening New Phase on Guantánamo. New York Times 2007:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOtolaryngologia Polska
AbbreviationOtolaryngol. Pol.
ISSN (print)0030-6657
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology

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