How to format your references using the Otolaryngologia Polska citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Otolaryngologia Polska. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Rahmstorf S. Ocean circulation and climate during the past 120,000 years. Nature 2002;419:207–14.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Smaglik P, Abbott A. Project offers free mouse sequence. Nature 2000;407:663–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Applegate PJ, Lowell TV, Alley RB. Comment on “Absence of cooling in New Zealand and the adjacent ocean during the Younger Dryas chronozone.” Science 2008;320:746; author reply 746.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Cohen SB, Graham ME, Lovrecz GO, Bache N, Robinson PJ, Reddel RR. Protein composition of catalytically active human telomerase from immortal cells. Science 2007;315:1850–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
E. Sutherland P. Principles of Electrical Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Nicassio PM, editor. Psychosocial Factors in Arthritis: Perspectives on Adjustment and Management. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Eppelbaum L, Khesin B. Regional Physical-Geological Models and Regioning. In: Khesin B, editor. Geophysical Studies in the Caucasus, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 139–217.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Otolaryngologia Polska.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Scientists May Have Finally Figured Out Who Is The Best Superhero. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/scientists-may-have-finally-figured-out-who-is-the-best-superhero/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Small Business Innovation Research: SBA Should Work with Agencies to Improve the Data Available for Program Evaluation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Graham SM. Conditions that Prompt the Migrant Worker Population to Access Pre-Hospital Emergency Care in Place of Health Centers in Qatar. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. Friday File. New York Times 2015:C34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOtolaryngologia Polska
AbbreviationOtolaryngol. Pol.
ISSN (print)0030-6657
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology

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