How to format your references using the Otolaryngologia Polska citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Otolaryngologia Polska. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Pollard TD. Cell biology. Formin tip tracking. Science 2011;331:39–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Xie J, Black DL. A CaMK IV responsive RNA element mediates depolarization-induced alternative splicing of ion channels. Nature 2001;410:936–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wang Y, Duan Z, Fan D. An ion diffusion method for visualising a solid-like water nanofilm. Sci Rep 2013;3:3505.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kawabuchi M, Satomi Y, Takao T, Shimonishi Y, Nada S, Nagai K, et al. Transmembrane phosphoprotein Cbp regulates the activities of Src-family tyrosine kinases. Nature 2000;404:999–1003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Michaelian KH. Photoacoustic Infrared Spectroscopy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Gillies RM, Ashman AF, Terwel J, editors. The Teacher’s Role in Implementing Cooperative Learning in the Classroom. vol. 8. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Vidal S, Petitot M, Boulier F, Lemaire F, Kuttler C. Models of Stochastic Gene Expression and Weyl Algebra. In: Horimoto K, Nakatsui M, Popov N, editors. Algebraic and Numeric Biology: 4th International Conference, ANB 2010, Hagenberg, Austria, July 31- August 2, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 76–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Otolaryngologia Polska.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Star Too Young For Planets Turns Out To Have One. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service: Pseudorabies in Swine and Payment of Indemnity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Martinez Abadia JM. French for Spanish speakers: A contrastive study of English monolingual, bilingual, and plurilingual adult learners of French. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. For Homeless Families, A Tiring Trek to School. New York Times 2003:145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOtolaryngologia Polska
AbbreviationOtolaryngol. Pol.
ISSN (print)0030-6657
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology

Other styles