How to format your references using the Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Daley, G.Q. Gametes from Embryonic Stem Cells: A Cup Half Empty or Half Full? Science 2007, 316, 409–410.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peter, I.S.; Davidson, E.H. A Gene Regulatory Network Controlling the Embryonic Specification of Endoderm. Nature 2011, 474, 635–639.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hedrick, T.L.; Cheng, B.; Deng, X. Wingbeat Time and the Scaling of Passive Rotational Damping in Flapping Flight. Science 2009, 324, 252–255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brueckner, F.; Hennecke, U.; Carell, T.; Cramer, P. CPD Damage Recognition by Transcribing RNA Polymerase II. Science 2007, 315, 859–862.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, N. Eclipse of Grace; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2013; ISBN 9781118532393.
An edited book
Urine Proteomics in Kidney Disease Biomarker Discovery; Gao, Y., Ed.; Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2015; Vol. 845; ISBN 9789401795227.
A chapter in an edited book
Bonnel, H.; Morgan, J. Optimality Conditions for Semivectorial Bilevel Convex Optimal Control Problems. In Computational and Analytical Mathematics: In Honor of Jonathan Borwein’s 60th Birthday; Bailey, D.H., Bauschke, H.H., Borwein, P., Garvan, F., Théra, M., Vanderwerff, J.D., Wolkowicz, H., Eds.; Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp. 45–78 ISBN 9781461476207.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Mental Health Support Will Disappear Under The GOP Healthcare Act Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office [Department of the Interior: Migratory Bird Hunting Final Rule]; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breska, J. Mentoring for Juvenile Gang Members and At-Risk Youth: A Grant Proposal Project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casey, N.; MacKENNA, E. Doomed Jet’s Pilot Said to Have Reported ‘Fuel Emergency.’ New York Times 2016, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture
ISSN (online)2077-0472

Other styles