How to format your references using the Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Telling, G. Neurodegeneration: Evolved Protection against Human Prions. Nature 2015, 522, 423–424.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gershenwald, J.E.; Fidler, I.J. Cancer. Targeting Lymphatic Metastasis. Science 2002, 296, 1811–1812.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mazmanian, S.K.; Round, J.L.; Kasper, D.L. A Microbial Symbiosis Factor Prevents Intestinal Inflammatory Disease. Nature 2008, 453, 620–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Broothaerts, W.; Mitchell, H.J.; Weir, B.; Kaines, S.; Smith, L.M.A.; Yang, W.; Mayer, J.E.; Roa-Rodríguez, C.; Jefferson, R.A. Gene Transfer to Plants by Diverse Species of Bacteria. Nature 2005, 433, 629–633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Southard, T.E.; Marshall, S.D.; Bonner, L.L. Orthodontics in the Vertical Dimension; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2015; ISBN 9781118925225.
An edited book
Metastatic Bone Disease: An Integrated Approach to Patient Care; Randall, R.L., Ed.; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer: New York, NY, 2016; ISBN 9781461456612.
A chapter in an edited book
Marshall, A.W.; Olkin, I.; Arnold, B.C. Preservation and Generation of Majorization. In Inequalities: Theory of Majorization and Its Applications; Olkin, I., Arnold, B.C., Eds.; Springer Series in Statistics; Springer: New York, NY, 2011; pp. 165–202 ISBN 9780387400877.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Have Researchers Discovered A New Boson To Explain Dark Matter? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Reports and Testimony: August 1991; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nambiar, V.R. A Grounded Theory Study on Business Excellence Models in the United Arab Emirates. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. Sorting a Comic’s Library of Laughs (and Letters and Bills and …). New York Times 2017, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture
ISSN (online)2077-0472

Other styles