How to format your references using the Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cepko, C. Neuroscience. Seeing the Light of Day. Science 2010, 329, 403–404.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pimm, S.L.; Brown, J.H. Ecology. Domains of Diversity. Science 2004, 304, 831–833.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rankenburg, K.; Brandon, A.D.; Neal, C.R. Neodymium Isotope Evidence for a Chondritic Composition of the Moon. Science 2006, 312, 1369–1372.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, Y.; Jones, C.R.; Fujiki, N.; Xu, Y.; Guo, B.; Holder, J.L., Jr; Rossner, M.J.; Nishino, S.; Fu, Y.-H. The Transcriptional Repressor DEC2 Regulates Sleep Length in Mammals. Science 2009, 325, 866–870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn-Deinstrop, E. Dünnschicht-Chromatographie; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2006; ISBN 9783527607631.
An edited book
Adapting to Teaching and Learning in Open-Plan Schools; Prain, V., Cox, P., Deed, C., Edwards, D., Farrelly, C., Keeffe, M., Lovejoy, V., Mow, L., Sellings, P., Waldrip, B., Yager, Z., Eds.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2014; ISBN 9789462098244.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirtle, S.C.; Timpf, S.; Tenbrink, T. The Effect of Activity on Relevance and Granularity for Navigation. In Spatial Information Theory: 10th International Conference, COSIT 2011, Belfast, ME, USA, September 12-16, 2011. Proceedings; Egenhofer, M., Giudice, N., Moratz, R., Worboys, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 73–89 ISBN 9783642231957.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Record-Breaking El Niño Visualized In Extraordinary Detail Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Guide for Writing Executive Summaries; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1986;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson, T. Assessing the Determinants of Information Technology Adoption in Jamaica’s Public Sector Using the Technology Acceptance Model. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University: Scottsdale, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B.; McKINLEY, J.C., Jr Connecticut Death Penalty Law Is Unconstitutional, Top State Court Says. New York Times 2015, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture
ISSN (online)2077-0472

Other styles