How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cramer, K. (2000). Disextinction, Inc. Nature 405, 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, D. W. J., and Barnes, E. A. (2014). Periodic variability in the large-scale Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation. Science 343, 641–645.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hill, E. W., Jobling, M. A., and Bradley, D. G. (2000). Y-chromosome variation and Irish origins. Nature 404, 351–352.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
De Luca, A., Caraveo, P. A., Mereghetti, S., Tiengo, A., and Bignami, G. F. (2006). A long-period, violently variable X-ray source in a young supernova remnant. Science 313, 814–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langley-Evans, S. (2015). Nutrition, health and disease. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ebbin, S. A., Håkon Hoel, A., and Sydnes, A. K. eds. (2005). A Sea Change: The Exclusive Economic Zone and Governance Institutions for Living Marine Resources. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakagawa, S., and Duman, R. S. (2011). “Depression,” in Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain II: Clinical Implications, eds. T. Seki, K. Sawamoto, J. M. Parent, and A. Alvarez-Buylla (Tokyo: Springer Japan), 99–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). How Did 4th-Century Roman Coins End Up In A Medieval Japanese Castle? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Aviation Safety: FAA’s New Inspection System Offers Promise, but Problems Need to Be Addressed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, B. G. (2010). Mercury-containing species and carbon dioxide adsorption studies on inorganic compounds using density functional theory.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017). Prosecutors Say Chelsea Bombing Suspect Had ‘Evil in His Heart.’ New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cramer, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cramer, 2000; Thompson and Barnes, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Barnes, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (De Luca et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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