How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walker, C. (2014). The fun of science. Science 344, 1314.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tran, A. P., and Silver, J. (2015). Neuroscience. Systemically treating spinal cord injury. Science 348, 285–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiang, C., Chan, C.-K., and Wang, J. (2014). Proposal and numerical study of ultra-compact active hybrid plasmonic resonator for sub-wavelength lasing applications. Sci. Rep. 4, 3720.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ferrer, M., Golyshina, O. V., Beloqui, A., Golyshin, P. N., and Timmis, K. N. (2007). The cellular machinery of Ferroplasma acidiphilum is iron-protein-dominated. Nature 445, 91–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heritier, S., Cantoni, E., Copt, S., and Victoria-Feser, M.-P. (2009). Robust Methods in Biostatistics: Heritier/Robust Methods in Biostatistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jain, L. C., and Lim, C. P. eds. (2010). Handbook on Decision Making: Vol 1: Techniques and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gyenge, E. (2008). “Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Methanol, Ethanol and Formic Acid,” in PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers: Fundamentals and Applications, ed. J. Zhang (London: Springer), 165–287.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016). Why Do Young Lizards Have Blue Tails? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Land Management Systems: BLM’s Actions to Improve Information Technology Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chlarson-Varner, G. (2010). Falls among older adults 65 years and older.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cook, L., and Olsen, P. R. (2009). It Started at the Gas Pump. New York Times, BU9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walker, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Walker, 2014; Tran and Silver, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tran and Silver, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferrer et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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