How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowak, M. A. (2008). Generosity: A winner’s advice. Nature 456, 579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Padoa-Schioppa, C., and Assad, J. A. (2006). Neurons in the orbitofrontal cortex encode economic value. Nature 441, 223–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heiling, A. M., Herberstein, M. E., and Chittka, L. (2003). Pollinator attraction: Crab-spiders manipulate flower signals. Nature 421, 334.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jordan, I. K., Kondrashov, F. A., Adzhubei, I. A., Wolf, Y. I., Koonin, E. V., Kondrashov, A. S., et al. (2005). A universal trend of amino acid gain and loss in protein evolution. Nature 433, 633–638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thompson, G. R. (2011). Reading the American Novel 1865-1914. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Terano, T., Kita, H., Deguchi, H., and Kijima, K. eds. (2007). Agent-Based Approaches in Economic and Social Complex Systems IV: Post-Proceedings of The AESCS International Workshop 2005. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, S., Thompson, D., and Hansen, J. K. (2013). “Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr),” in Forest Tree Breeding in Europe: Current State-of-the-Art and Perspectives Managing Forest Ecosystems., ed. L. E. Pâques (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 177–227.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). More Bright Galaxies Discovered In The Early Universe. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Airport Financing: Smaller Airports Face Future Funding Shortfalls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plaza, J. L. (2012). The Latina/o migrant college student experience.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2016). A Zeffirelli Production, Excesses and All. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nowak, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Padoa-Schioppa and Assad, 2006; Nowak, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Padoa-Schioppa and Assad, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Jordan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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