How to format your references using the Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davidson, L. A. (2008). Developmental biology. Apoptosis turbocharges epithelial morphogenesis. Science 321, 1641–1642.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yi, X., and Liu, C. (2014). Retention of cotyledons is crucial for resprouting of clipped oak seedlings. Sci. Rep. 4, 5145.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robertson, J. L., Kolmakova-Partensky, L., and Miller, C. (2010). Design, function and structure of a monomeric ClC transporter. Nature 468, 844–847.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Amrani, N., Ghosh, S., Mangus, D. A., and Jacobson, A. (2008). Translation factors promote the formation of two states of the closed-loop mRNP. Nature 453, 1276–1280.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, D. (2004). A Networking Approach to Grid Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Murschetz, P. ed. (2013). State Aid for Newspapers: Theories, Cases, Actions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, G., Chen, K., Tan, H., Wang, X., You, M., Xiao, J., et al. (2015). “A Multilevel Security Model for Search Engine Over Integrated Data,” in Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XIX Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. N. T. Nguyen, R. Kowalczyk, and F. Xhafa (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 45–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016). World’s First Solar And Seawater-Powered Farm Opens In Australia. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Strategic Sourcing: Opportunities Exist to Better Manage Information Technology Services Spending. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Large, K. G. (2008). A study of Statewide Transfer and Articulation Reporting System (STARS) approved courses completed at an Alabama community college.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014). Skating With a Smile, No Matter What. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davidson, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Davidson, 2008; Yi and Liu, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yi and Liu, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Amrani et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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