How to format your references using the Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hodson, R., 2015, “Prostate Cancer: 4 Big Questions,” Nature, 528(7582), p. S137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atkinson, T., and Leeder, M., 2008, “Geology. Canyon Cutting on a Grand Time Scale,” Science, 319(5868), pp. 1343–1344.
A journal article with 3 authors
Catteruccia, F., Godfray, H. C. J., and Crisanti, A., 2003, “Impact of Genetic Manipulation on the Fitness of Anopheles Stephensi Mosquitoes,” Science, 299(5610), pp. 1225–1227.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gray, N. S., MacCulloch, M. J., Smith, J., Morris, M., and Snowden, R. J., 2003, “Forensic Psychology: Violence Viewed by Psychopathic Murderers,” Nature, 423(6939), pp. 497–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yakushevich, L. V., 2005, Nonlinear Physics of DNA, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Cachin, C., 2011, Introduction to Reliable and Secure Distributed Programming, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Welfens, P. J. J., Perret, J. K., Irawan, T., and Yushkova, E., 2016, “The Methodology of the EIIW-Vita Indicator,” Towards Global Sustainability: Issues, New Indicators and Economic Policy, J.K. Perret, T. Irawan, and E. Yushkova, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017, “Shaquille O’Neal Thinks Earth Is Flat Because It Doesn’t Go Up And Down When He Drives,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985, President’s Sixth Special Message for Fiscal Year 1985, OGC-85-7, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skutt, S., 2017, “Midlife Metamorphosis: Archetypal Imaginal Psychology in Midlife Rite of Passage,” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2016, “A No. 1 for Lady Gaga,” New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pressure Vessel Technology
AbbreviationJ. Press. Vessel Technol.
ISSN (print)0094-9930
ISSN (online)1528-8978
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles