How to format your references using the Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, K., 2006, “Personal Finance. Making the Most of a Good Thing,” Science, 313(5792), pp. 1456–1457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marone, F., and Romanowicz, B., 2007, “The Depth Distribution of Azimuthal Anisotropy in the Continental Upper Mantle,” Nature, 447(7141), pp. 198–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, L., Spasojevic, S., and Gurnis, M., 2008, “Reconstructing Farallon Plate Subduction beneath North America Back to the Late Cretaceous,” Science, 322(5903), pp. 934–938.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Plane, J. M. C., Murray, B. J., Chu, X., and Gardner, C. S., 2004, “Removal of Meteoric Iron on Polar Mesospheric Clouds,” Science, 304(5669), pp. 426–428.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Loriaux, D. L., 2016, A Biographical History of Endocrinology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Choren, R., Garcia, A., Lucena, C., and Romanovsky, A., eds., 2005, Software Engineering for Multi-Agent Systems III: Research Issues and Practical Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gentile, M. S., and Small, W., 2015, “Prevention of Injury from Pelvic Irradiation,” Radiation Therapy for Pelvic Malignancy and Its Consequences, E.D. Ehrenpreis, R. de W. Marsh, and W. Small Jr., eds., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 65–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015, “Pillbugs May Help Buffer Damages from Global Warming,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003, Data Mining: Results and Challenges for Government Program Audits and Investigations, GAO-03-591T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chongkrairatanakul, W., 2012, “Foreign-Educated Nurses,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992, “No Headline,” New York Times, p. 126.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pressure Vessel Technology
AbbreviationJ. Press. Vessel Technol.
ISSN (print)0094-9930
ISSN (online)1528-8978
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles