How to format your references using the Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner, M., 2002, “Weaving Life’s Pattern,” Nature, 418(6895), p. 279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Y., and Imlay, J. A., 2013, “Cell Death from Antibiotics without the Involvement of Reactive Oxygen Species,” Science, 339(6124), pp. 1210–1213.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhandawat, V., Reisert, J., and Yau, K.-W., 2005, “Elementary Response of Olfactory Receptor Neurons to Odorants,” Science, 308(5730), pp. 1931–1934.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gompel, N., Prud’homme, B., Wittkopp, P. J., Kassner, V. A., and Carroll, S. B., 2005, “Chance Caught on the Wing: Cis-Regulatory Evolution and the Origin of Pigment Patterns in Drosophila,” Nature, 433(7025), pp. 481–487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, T., 2012, Investing in the High Yield Municipal Market, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chiarcos, C., Nordhoff, S., and Hellmann, S., eds., 2012, Linked Data in Linguistics: Representing and Connecting Language Data and Language Metadata, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Atay, F. M., 2016, “Controlling Oscillations in Nonlinear Systems with Delayed Output Feedback,” Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems, E. Schöll, S.H.L. Klapp, and P. Hövel, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “Large Volcanic Eruptions May Have Changed Climate and Altered Human History,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987, Information System Security in Federal Civilian Agencies, T-IMTEC-87-7, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liggins, J., 2012, “Self-Concept Education as a Motivator of Life Effectiveness,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017, “In Open-Plan Offices, a Place for Inside-the-Box Thinking,” New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pressure Vessel Technology
AbbreviationJ. Press. Vessel Technol.
ISSN (print)0094-9930
ISSN (online)1528-8978
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles