How to format your references using the Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leovy, C., 2001, “Weather and Climate on Mars,” Nature, 412(6843), pp. 245–249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chatterjee, S., and Grosshans, H., 2009, “Active Turnover Modulates Mature MicroRNA Activity in Caenorhabditis Elegans,” Nature, 461(7263), pp. 546–549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weis, P., Driesner, T., and Heinrich, C. A., 2012, “Porphyry-Copper Ore Shells Form at Stable Pressure-Temperature Fronts within Dynamic Fluid Plumes,” Science, 338(6114), pp. 1613–1616.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bruno, A., Lembo, F., Novellino, E., Stornaiuolo, M., and Marinelli, L., 2014, “Beyond Radio-Displacement Techniques for Identification of CB1 Ligands: The First Application of a Fluorescence-Quenching Assay,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 3757.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Giannini, F., and Leuzzi, G., 2005, Nonlinear Microwave Circuit Design, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cuellar, J., ed., 2014, Smart Grid Security: Second International Workshop, SmartGridSec 2014, Munich, Germany, February 26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Press, F., and Smith, P. M., 2010, “Science and Technology in the Carter Presidency,” Presidential Science Advisors: Perspectives and Reflections on Science, Policy and Politics, R. Pielke, and R.A. Klein, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 37–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015, “What Happens To The Plastic You Throw Away?,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009, Surface Transportation: Efforts to Address Highway Congestion through Real-Time Traffic Information Systems Are Expanding but Face Implementation Challenges, GAO-10-121R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Filomena, T. P., 2010, “Technology Portfolio and Capacity Expansion under Uncertainty,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016, “A Nation Born of Sniping, Squabbling and Deadlock: Helloo?,” New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pressure Vessel Technology
AbbreviationJ. Press. Vessel Technol.
ISSN (print)0094-9930
ISSN (online)1528-8978
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles