How to format your references using the Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pendry, J. B., 2007, “Physics. Negative Refraction for Electrons?,” Science, 315(5816), pp. 1226–1227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Froemke, R. C., and Dan, Y., 2002, “Spike-Timing-Dependent Synaptic Modification Induced by Natural Spike Trains,” Nature, 416(6879), pp. 433–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chu, R., Reczek, D., and Brondyk, W., 2014, “Capture-Stabilize Approach for Membrane Protein SPR Assays,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 7360.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Paik, D. H., Lee, I.-R., Yang, D.-S., Baskin, J. S., and Zewail, A. H., 2004, “Electrons in Finite-Sized Water Cavities: Hydration Dynamics Observed in Real Time,” Science, 306(5696), pp. 672–675.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ming, D., Glasser, D., Hildebrandt, D., Glasser, B., and Metzer, M., 2016, Attainable Region Theory, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Koubaa, A., ed., 2016, Robot Operating System (ROS): The Complete Reference (Volume 1), Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Sharples, J., 2010, “Subpolar Margins,” Carbon and Nutrient Fluxes in Continental Margins: A Global Synthesis, K.-K. Liu, L. Atkinson, R. Quiñones, and L. Talaue-McManus, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 211–287.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017, “Experiments Show That Microbes Could Definitely Survive On Mars,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009, Motor Carrier Safety: Commercial Vehicle Registration Program Has Kept Unsafe Carriers from Operating, but Effectiveness Is Difficult to Measure, GAO-09-495, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woerner, L. C., 2010, “Complicated Grief: A Case Study of Pathological Bereavement,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006, “Court Limits Protection Against Improper Entry,” New York Times, p. A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pressure Vessel Technology
AbbreviationJ. Press. Vessel Technol.
ISSN (print)0094-9930
ISSN (online)1528-8978
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles