How to format your references using the Ostrava Journal of English Philology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ostrava Journal of English Philology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Offringa, Rienk. “Cancer. Cancer Immunotherapy Is More than a Numbers Game.” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 314, no. 5796, Oct. 2006, pp. 68–69.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kissa, Karima, and Philippe Herbomel. “Blood Stem Cells Emerge from Aortic Endothelium by a Novel Type of Cell Transition.” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7285, Mar. 2010, pp. 112–15.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rastogi, Deepa, et al. “Differential Epigenome-Wide DNA Methylation Patterns in Childhood Obesity-Associated Asthma.” Scientific Reports, vol. 3, 2013, p. 2164.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Murata, Shigeo, et al. “Regulation of CD8+ T Cell Development by Thymus-Specific Proteasomes.” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 316, no. 5829, June 2007, pp. 1349–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan, George W. Wavelets in Electromagnetics and Device Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003.
An edited book
Noakes, David L. G., et al., editors. Chinese Fishes. Springer Netherlands, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Milgrom, Jeannette, et al. “Impact of Parental Psychiatric Illness on Infant Development.” Joint Care of Parents and Infants in Perinatal Psychiatry, edited by Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay et al., Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 47–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ostrava Journal of English Philology.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. “Why You Should Go Meat-Free For One Day A Year, According To Science.” IFLScience, IFLScience, 12 June 2017,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. OCG-99-18, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1 Jan. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shamsai, Mohammad. Prefabricated Cage System for Reinforcing Concrete Members. 2006. Ohio State University, Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, Susan. “A Divide That Goes Beyond Lunch.” New York Times, 12 Aug. 2016, p. BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleOstrava Journal of English Philology
ISSN (print)1803-8174

Other styles