How to format your references using the Ostrava Journal of English Philology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ostrava Journal of English Philology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sandholm, Tuomas. “Computer Science. Solving Imperfect-Information Games.” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 347, no. 6218, Jan. 2015, pp. 122–23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ichinose, Genki, and Hiroki Sayama. “Evolution of Fairness in the Not Quite Ultimatum Game.” Scientific Reports, vol. 4, May 2014, p. 5104.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, Qi-Ping, et al. “Fast and Simple Scheme for Generating NOON States of Photons in Circuit QED.” Scientific Reports, vol. 4, Jan. 2014, p. 3898.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Fan, Heng-Yu, et al. “MAPK3/1 (ERK1/2) in Ovarian Granulosa Cells Are Essential for Female Fertility.” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 324, no. 5929, May 2009, pp. 938–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim, Hyoung-Gook, et al. MPEG-7 Audio and Beyond. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
Azimova, Shakhnoza S., and Ashraf I. Saidkhodzhaev, editors. Natural Compounds: Natural Sesquiterpene Esters. Part 1 and Part 2. Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Pamukçu, Teoman, et al. “Entry, Exit and Productivity in Turkish Manufacturing Industries.” Market Dynamics and Productivity in Developing Countries: Economic Reforms in the Middle East and North Africa, edited by Khalid Sekkat, Springer, 2010, pp. 109–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ostrava Journal of English Philology.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. “There Are Now Just Three Wolves Left On Isle Royale.” IFLScience, IFLScience, 23 Apr. 2015,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 4. 144050, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1 Jan. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffin, Mary Gayle. The Lived Experience of First Line Managers during Planned Organizational Change: A Phenomenological Study of One Firm in the Residential Construction Industry. George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. “Guardian Angels Welcome in Greenport.” New York Times, 22 July 2006, p. LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sandholm).
This sentence cites two references (Sandholm; Ichinose and Sayama).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ichinose and Sayama)
  • Three or more authors: (Fan et al.)

About the journal

Full journal titleOstrava Journal of English Philology
ISSN (print)1803-8174

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