How to format your references using the Ostrava Journal of English Philology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ostrava Journal of English Philology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reynolds, Stuart E. “Ecology. Immunity and Invasive Success.” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 340, no. 6134, May 2013, pp. 816–17.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hess, Ortwin, and Kosmas L. Tsakmakidis. “Applied Physics. Metamaterials with Quantum Gain.” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 339, no. 6120, Feb. 2013, pp. 654–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Qinghong, et al. “Regulation of Corepressor Function by Nuclear NADH.” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 295, no. 5561, Mar. 2002, pp. 1895–97.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Wang, Wanlin, et al. “Design of a Structure with Low Incident and Viewing Angle Dependence Inspired by Morpho Butterflies.” Scientific Reports, vol. 3, Dec. 2013, p. 3427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goudon, Thierry. Mathematics for Modeling and Scientific Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Bostrom, Ann, et al., editors. Risk Assessment, Modeling and Decision Support: Strategic Directions. Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Muraoka, Tetsuro, et al. “Intra- and Inter-Person Coordinated Movements of Fingers and Toes.” Sports Performance, edited by Kazuyuki Kanosue et al., Springer Japan, 2015, pp. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ostrava Journal of English Philology.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. “The Milky Way’s Halo Spins With The Galaxy.” IFLScience, IFLScience, 27 July 2016,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Lunch: Modifications Needed to Some of the New Nutrition Standards. GAO-13-708T, U.S. Government Printing Office, 27 June 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Small, Christopher Robert. An Investigation on the Effect(s) of Different Modes of Intervention for Weight Management on HDL-Cholesterol and LDL-Cholesterol Production among United States Veterans. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. “Education of a Point Guard Comes Full Circle.” New York Times, 13 May 2010, p. B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleOstrava Journal of English Philology
ISSN (print)1803-8174

Other styles