How to format your references using the Ostrava Journal of English Philology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ostrava Journal of English Philology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dainton, M. “Palaeoanthropology: Did Our Ancestors Knuckle-Walk?” Nature, vol. 410, no. 6826, Mar. 2001, pp. 324–25; disussion 326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maillard, Ivan, and Alan R. Saltiel. “Metabolism: Inflammation Keeps Old Mice Healthy.” Nature, vol. 528, no. 7580, Dec. 2015, pp. 44–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Branzei, Dana, et al. “SUMOylation Regulates Rad18-Mediated Template Switch.” Nature, vol. 456, no. 7224, Dec. 2008, pp. 915–20.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Biron, D., et al. “Asexual Reproduction: ‘midwives’ Assist Dividing Amoebae.” Nature, vol. 410, no. 6827, Mar. 2001, p. 430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Altman, Matthew C. Kant and Applied Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
Pătruţ, Bogdan, and Monica Pătruţ, editors. Social Media in Politics: Case Studies on the Political Power of Social Media. Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Gronau, Hans-Dietrich, et al. “Programme.” 50th IMO - 50 Years of International Mathematical Olympiads, edited by Hans-Dietrich Gronau et al., Springer, 2011, pp. 27–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ostrava Journal of English Philology.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. “New Ways To Treat Depression In Teenagers.” IFLScience, IFLScience, 8 Mar. 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Assessment of Audits of Bilingual Education Grants in Texas by U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Inspector General. AFMD-85-6, U.S. Government Printing Office, 14 Dec. 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dill, Kristina Dionne. Nonparametric Alternative to Poly-k Test in Animal Tumorigenicity Studies. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, Benjamin, and James C. McKINLEY Jr. “Connecticut Death Penalty Law Is Unconstitutional, Top State Court Says.” New York Times, 14 Aug. 2015, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dainton).
This sentence cites two references (Dainton; Maillard and Saltiel).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maillard and Saltiel)
  • Three or more authors: (Biron et al.)

About the journal

Full journal titleOstrava Journal of English Philology
ISSN (print)1803-8174

Other styles