How to format your references using the Journal of Infectious Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Infectious Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schenk PM. Thickness constraints on the icy shells of the galilean satellites from a comparison of crater shapes. Nature. 2002; 417(6887):419–421.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wallenfang MR, Seydoux G. Polarization of the anterior-posterior axis of C. elegans is a microtubule-directed process. Nature. 2000; 408(6808):89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhang J, Sheng L, Liu J. Synthetically chemical-electrical mechanism for controlling large scale reversible deformation of liquid metal objects. Sci Rep. 2014; 4:7116.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Song H, Wignall PB, Chu D, et al. Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath. Sci Rep. 2014; 4:4132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lee M, Bieker G. Mastering. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Herrero Á, Corchado E, editors. Computational Intelligence in Security for Information Systems: 4th International Conference, CISIS 2011, Held at IWANN 2011, Torremolinos-Málaga, Spain, June 8-10, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ballester A, Blázquez ML, González F, Muñoz JA. Catalytic Role of Silver and Other Ions on The Mechanism of Chemical and Biological Leaching. In: Donati ER, Sand W, editors. Microbial Processing of Metal Sulfides. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 77–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Like A Fish Out Of Water: Fish May Have Emerged Onto Land More Than 30 Times [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/like-fish-out-water-fish-may-have-emerged-onto-land-more-30-times/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Nanomanufacturing: Emergence and Implications for U.S. Competitiveness, the Environment, and Human Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Jan. Report No.: GAO-14-181SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kott TM. Measurements of correlated two-dimensional electrons in the lowest Landau level on silicon(111) [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly AL. For Employed Moms, the Pinnacle Of Stress Comes After Work Ends. New York Times. 1999; :1518.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Infectious Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)0022-1899
ISSN (online)1537-6613
ScopeImmunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases

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