How to format your references using the Oryx citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oryx. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ijspeert, A.J. (2014) Biorobotics: using robots to emulate and investigate agile locomotion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346, 196–203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salinga, M. & Wuttig, M. (2011) Applied physics. Phase-change memories on a diet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332, 543–544.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amunts, A., Drory, O. & Nelson, N. (2007) The structure of a plant photosystem I supercomplex at 3.4 A resolution. Nature, 447, 58–63.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schuwirth, B.S., Borovinskaya, M.A., Hau, C.W., Zhang, W., Vila-Sanjurjo, A., Holton, J.M. & Cate, J.H.D. (2005) Structures of the bacterial ribosome at 3.5 A resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310, 827–834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davidson, P.W., Prasher, V.P. & Janicki, M.P. (2008) Mental Health, Intellectual Disabilities, and the Aging Process. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Kimmel, R., Klette, R. & Sugimoto, A. (eds) (2011) Computer Vision – ACCV 2010: 10th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Queenstown, New Zealand, November 8-12, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kawano, T., Iwama, N., Ishihata, H., Shimauchi, H. & Shimomura, M. (2012) Preparation and Biomedical Application of Self-Organized Honeycomb-Patterned Polymer Films. In Interface Oral Health Science 2011 (eds K. Sasaki, O. Suzuki & N. Takahashi), pp. 22–26. Springer Japan, Tokyo.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oryx.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Deep Water: A New Technology Probes Sydney’s Groundwater For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Https:// [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Early Childhood Programs: The Use of Impact Evaluations to Assess Program Effects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fountain, J.M. (2014) Differences in Generational Work Values in America and Their Implications for Educational Leadership: A Longitudinal Test of Twenge’s Model. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017) A Historic Home Burns, and Suspicions Spread. New York Times, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ijspeert, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Salinga & Wuttig, 2011; Ijspeert, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salinga & Wuttig, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Schuwirth et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleOryx
ISSN (print)0030-6053
ISSN (online)1365-3008
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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