How to format your references using the Oryx citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oryx. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jan, E. (2015) Molecular biology: signals across domains of life. Nature, 519, 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenwood, B. & Owusu-Agyei, S. (2012) Epidemiology. Malaria in the post-genome era. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338, 49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hao, X., Martin-Rouault, L. & Cui, M. (2014) A self-adaptive method for creating high efficiency communication channels through random scattering media. Scientific reports, 4, 5874.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cash, H.L., Whitham, C.V., Behrendt, C.L. & Hooper, L.V. (2006) Symbiotic bacteria direct expression of an intestinal bactericidal lectin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313, 1126–1130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vona, L.W. (2017) Fraud Data Analytics Methodology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lattanzio, V. (2005) Mammography: Guide to Interpreting, Reporting and Auditing Mammographic Images — Re.Co.R.M. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bignami, G.F. & Sommariva, A. (2013) Interstellar Exploration Technologies. In A Scenario for Interstellar Exploration and Its Financing (ed A. Sommariva), pp. 41–60. Springer, Milano.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oryx.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016) Researchers Have Discovered An Ancient Defence Mechanism Inside The Great Pyramid Of Giza. IFLScience. IFLScience. Https:// [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) Review of the National Center for Research in Vocational Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meghani, H.P. (2017) Med-Equip Solutions LLC: A wheelchair distributor company business plan. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014) Skating With a Smile, No Matter What. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Greenwood & Owusu-Agyei, 2012; Jan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greenwood & Owusu-Agyei, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Cash et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleOryx
ISSN (print)0030-6053
ISSN (online)1365-3008
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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