How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. R. Kump, “Atmospheric science. Tipping pointedly colder,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5918, pp. 1175–1176, Feb. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. R. Gerson and C. G. Guglielmo, “Flight at low ambient humidity increases protein catabolism in migratory birds,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6048, pp. 1434–1436, Sep. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Yaguchi, J. Yaguchi, and K. Inaba, “bicaudal-C is required for the formation of anterior neurogenic ectoderm in the sea urchin embryo,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6852, Oct. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Fan et al., “The incidence and distribution of surgical site infection in mainland China: a meta-analysis of 84 prospective observational studies,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6783, Oct. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Graham, Markov Chains: Analytic and Monte Carlo Computations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
R. Yarchoan, Ed., Cancers in People with HIV and AIDS: Progress and Challenges. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C. E. Bock and J. H. Bock, “Biodiversity and Residential Development Beyond the Urban Fringe,” in The Planner’s Guide to Natural Resource Conservation: The Science of Land Development Beyond the Metropolitan Fringe, A. X. Esparza and G. McPherson, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2009, pp. 59–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “Scientists May Have Discovered A New State Of Liquid Water,” IFLScience, Dec. 27, 2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Space Station: Inadequate Planning and Design Led to Propulsion Module Project Failure,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-01-633, Jun. 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. E. Duran, “Factors and prevention strategies to fight childhood obesity,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. J. O. Murphy, “Friday File,” New York Times, p. C26, Feb. 20, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Cybern.
ISSN (print)2168-2267
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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