How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. H. Chudler, “SPORE series winner. Resources for anyone interested in the brain,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5986, pp. 1648–1649, Jun. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. F. Ketting and R. H. Plasterk, “A genetic link between co-suppression and RNA interference in C. elegans,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6775, pp. 296–298, Mar. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. B. Losos, D. M. Hillis, and H. W. Greene, “Evolution. Who speaks with a forked tongue?,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6113, pp. 1428–1429, Dec. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Bakal, J. Aach, G. Church, and N. Perrimon, “Quantitative morphological signatures define local signaling networks regulating cell morphology,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5832, pp. 1753–1756, Jun. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. M. Vitetta, D. P. Taylor, G. Colavolpe, F. Pancaldi, and P. A. Martin, Wireless Communications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
D. T. L. Shek, Y. K. Chan, and P. S. N. Lee, Eds., Quality-of-Life Research in Chinese, Western and Global Contexts, vol. 25. in Social Indicators Research Series, vol. 25. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
B. L. Hoskins and J. A. Milke, “Summary,” in Study of Movement Speeds Down Stairs, J. A. Milke, Ed., in SpringerBriefs in Fire. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, pp. 29–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “What Would Happen If The Earth Got Sucked Into A Black Hole?,” IFLScience, Aug. 29, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Telecommunications Readiness Critical, Yet Overall Status Largely Unknown,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-AIMD-98-212, Jun. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. E. Brown, “Sources for the reevaluation of George Frederick Root’s career: The autobiography & a secular cantata,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Mets Split a Doubleheader With the Nationals as Their Bullpen Gets a Workout,” New York Times, p. D5, Aug. 28, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Cybern.
ISSN (print)2168-2267
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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