How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Stachel, “1905 and all that,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7023, pp. 215–217, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Li and H. Clevers, “Coexistence of quiescent and active adult stem cells in mammals,” Science, vol. 327, no. 5965, pp. 542–545, Jan. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. H. Lam, D. J. Steger, and E. K. O’Shea, “Chromatin decouples promoter threshold from dynamic range,” Nature, vol. 453, no. 7192, pp. 246–250, May 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. B. Ritchie, I. Nagelkerken, S. James, and G. W. Smith, “A tetrodotoxin-producing marine pathogen,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6776, p. 354, Mar. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Morales and C. Kacher, Short Selling with the O’Neil Disciples. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
H. Hagen, S. Guhathakurta, and G. Steinebach, Eds., Visualizing Sustainable Planning. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Bittermann and M. Fischer, “Development and Design of the EPRTM Core Catcher,” in Advances in Light Water Reactor Technologies, T. Saito, J. Yamashita, Y. Oka, and Y. Ishiwatari, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2011, pp. 119–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics.

Blog post
J. Davis, “First-Ever Species Of Cave Fish Discovered In Europe,” IFLScience, 03-Apr-2017. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: Agencies and OMB Should Strengthen Processes for Identifying and Overseeing High Risk Projects,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-647, Jun. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Berkow, “Importance of Effective Leadership for the Success of Mergers and Acquisitions,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Fresh Details on the Fed Rescue of A.I.G.’s Insurance Units,” New York Times, p. A4, 02-Dec-2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Cybern.
ISSN (print)2168-2267
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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