How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Brauer, “Establishing indicators for biodiversity,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5723, pp. 791–2; author reply 791-2, May 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. J. Bull and C. R. Parrish, “Microbiology. A binding contract for anthrax,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5579, pp. 201–202, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Xu, P. Cao, and J. R. Heath, “Graphene visualizes the first water adlayers on mica at ambient conditions,” Science, vol. 329, no. 5996, pp. 1188–1191, Sep. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. García-Inclán et al., “Establishment and genetic characterization of six unique tumor cell lines as preclinical models for sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4925, May 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Ferdjallah, Introduction to Digital Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
J. Luo, Y. Meng, T. Shao, and Q. Zhao, Eds., Advanced Tribology: Proceedings of CIST2008 & ITS-IFToMM2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Beldiceanu, I. Katriel, and X. Lorca, “Undirected Forest Constraints,” in Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimization Problems: Third International Conference, CPAIOR 2006, Cork, Ireland, May 31 - June 2, 2006. Proceedings, J. C. Beck and B. M. Smith, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 29–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Newly Discovered Fossils Hint That All Dinosaurs May Have Had Feathers,” IFLScience, Jul. 24, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Women in STEM Research: Better Data and Information Sharing Could Improve Oversight of Federal Grant-making and Title IX Compliance,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-16-14, Dec. 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Stein, “Oncology Summer Camp Attendance and Self-Esteem and Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors Among Pediatric Cancer Patients and Siblings,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Mets Put Another Starter On the D.L,” New York Times, p. B11, Jun. 22, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Cybern.
ISSN (print)2168-2267
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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