How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. C. Raymond, “Astronomy. Cosmic-ray acceleration in supernova remnants,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5941, pp. 683–684, Aug. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. C. Correia and J. Laskar, “The four final rotation states of Venus,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6839, pp. 767–770, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Y. Shcherbina, L. D. Talley, and D. L. Rudnick, “Direct observations of North Pacific ventilation: brine rejection in the Okhotsk Sea,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5652, pp. 1952–1955, Dec. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. J. Mahon, M. Donowitz, C. C. Yun, and G. V. Segre, “Na(+)/H(+ ) exchanger regulatory factor 2 directs parathyroid hormone 1 receptor signalling,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6891, pp. 858–861, Jun. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. N. Molino Sr., Emergency Incident Management Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
J. Basedow, U. Magnus, and R. Wolfrum, Eds., The Hamburg Lectures on Maritime Affairs 2007 & 2008, vol. 16. in Hamburg Studies on Maritime Affairs, International Max Planck Research School for Maritime Affairs at the University of Hamburg, vol. 16. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
H.-D. Gronau, H.-H. Langmann, and D. Schleicher, “Programme,” in 50th IMO - 50 Years of International Mathematical Olympiads, H.-D. Gronau, H.-H. Langmann, and D. Schleicher, Eds., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 27–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Watch What Happens If You Put A Diamond In A Hydraulic Press,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Research and Development: FAA Could Improve How It Develops Its Portfolio and Reports Its Activities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-17-372, Apr. 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. J. Hakes, “Off -campus work and its relationship to students’ experiences with faculty using the College Student Experiences Questionnaire,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Baker, “How Powerful Is Your Workout?,” New York Times, p. G9, Sep. 25, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Cybern.
ISSN (print)2168-2267
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles