How to format your references using the Ortho Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ortho Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brockhurst M. Journal club. An evolutionary biologist marvels at how species evolve to help each other out. Nature 2010;464:469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rinberg D, Davidowitz H. Do cockroaches “know” about fluid dynamics? Nature 2000;405:756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaganovich D, Kopito R, Frydman J. Misfolded proteins partition between two distinct quality control compartments. Nature 2008;454:1088–95.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yoshida S, Kono K, Lowery DM, Bartolini S, Yaffe MB, Ohya Y, et al. Polo-like kinase Cdc5 controls the local activation of Rho1 to promote cytokinesis. Science 2006;313:108–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lagraña F. E-mail and Behavioral Changes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Held L. Applied Statistical Inference: Likelihood and Bayes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Snow CC, Peccerelli FA, Susanávar JS, Robinson AG, Ochoa JMN. Hidden in Plain Sight: X.X. Burials and the Desaparecidos in the Department of Guatemala, 1977–1986. In: Asher J, Banks D, Scheuren FJ, editors. Statistical Methods for Human Rights, New York, NY: Springer; 2008, p. 89–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ortho Magazine.

Blog post
Andrew E. New species of tapir discovered in South America. IFLScience 2013. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Changes Needed in FAA’s Service Difficulty Reporting Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Becker M. Women’s Descriptions Six Months Post Notification of Positive BRCA 1/2 Genetic Mutations. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Court Weighs Right to Guns, And Its Limits. New York Times 2008:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOrtho Magazine
ISSN (print)1262-4586

Other styles