How to format your references using the Ortho Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ortho Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waychunas GA. Interfacial chemistry. Disrupting dissolving ions at surfaces with fluid flow. Science 2014;344:1094–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ringe D, Petsko GA. Biochemistry. How enzymes work. Science 2008;320:1428–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Esvelt KM, Carlson JC, Liu DR. A system for the continuous directed evolution of biomolecules. Nature 2011;472:499–503.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bessell PR, Searle KR, Auty HK, Handel IG, Purse BV, Bronsvoort BMD. Epidemic potential of an emerging vector borne disease in a marginal environment: Schmallenberg in Scotland. Sci Rep 2013;3:1178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves R, Dunwoodie B. Drupal® 7 Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Tomppo E, Gschwantner T, Lawrence M, McRoberts RE, editors. National Forest Inventories: Pathways for Common Reporting. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Chyba M, Haberkorn T, Jedicke R. Minimum Fuel Round Trip from a $L_2 L 2 Earth-Moon Halo Orbit to Asteroid 2006 RH $_{120}$$ 120. In: Bonnard B, Chyba M, editors. Recent Advances in Celestial and Space Mechanics, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 117–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ortho Magazine.

Blog post
Davis J. The Giant Sequoias Of The Sierra Nevada Owe Their Life To Gobi Desert. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Compensatory Education: Chapter 1’s Comparability of Services Provision. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin H-C. Depression screening in ambulatory care. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Deluded, Yet So Reasonable. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOrtho Magazine
ISSN (print)1262-4586

Other styles