How to format your references using the American Entomologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Entomologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. 2007. Moment of reckoning. Nature. 446: 844–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heyward, A. J., and A. P. Negri. 2012. Turbulence, cleavage, and the naked embryo: a case for coral clones. Science. 335: 1064.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rieseberg, L. H., T. E. Wood, and E. J. Baack. 2006. The nature of plant species. Nature. 440: 524–527.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Panda, S., S. K. Nayak, B. Campo, J. R. Walker, J. B. Hogenesch, and T. Jegla. 2005. Illumination of the melanopsin signaling pathway. Science. 307: 600–604.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broekaert, J. A. C. 2005. Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
(Advances in Intelligent Control Systems and Computer Science) . 2013. Advances in Intelligent Control Systems and Computer Science, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cerejeiras, P., Q. Chen, N. Gomes, and S. Hartmann. 2016. Compressed Sensing with Nonlinear Fourier Atoms, pp. 47–77. In Bernstein, S., Kähler, U., Sabadini, I., Sommen, F. (eds.), Modern Trends in Hypercomplex Analysis, Trends in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Entomologist.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2017. Scientists Build Working Heart Tissue Out Of Spinach Leaves. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Intellectual Property: Leadership and Accountability Needed to Strengthen Federal Protection and Enforcement ( No. GAO-08-921T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horvath, C. P. 2012. Comparison of waste heat driven and electrically driven cooling systems for a high ambient temperature, off-grid application (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz, J. 2014. Language Barrier Continues to Thwart Victims of Crimes. New York Times. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Wadman 2007, Heyward and Negri 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heyward and Negri 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Panda et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Entomologist
AbbreviationAm. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1046-2821

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