How to format your references using the American Entomologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Entomologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe, D. 2011. Epidemiology: Racing against the flu. Nature. 480: S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scholes, M. C., and R. J. Scholes. 2013. Ecology. Dust unto dust. Science. 342: 565–566.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vafabakhsh, R., J. Levitz, and E. Y. Isacoff. 2015. Conformational dynamics of a class C G-protein-coupled receptor. Nature. 524: 497–501.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ouzounov, D. G., F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta. 2003. Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers. Science. 301: 1702–1704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2008. Guidelines for Chemical Transportation Safety, Security, and Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hougardy, S. 2016. Algorithmic Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Heine, V. M., S. Dooves, D. Holmes, and J. Wagner. 2012. Conclusions, pp. 55–59. In Dooves, S., Holmes, D., Wagner, J. (eds.), Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells in Brain Diseases: Understanding the Methods, Epigenetic Basis, and Applications for Regenerative Medicine, SpringerBriefs in Neuroscience. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Entomologist.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2016. How Can We Learn To Reject Fake News In The Digital World? IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Emergency Preparedness: Current Emergency Alert System Has Limitations, and Development of a New Integrated System Will Be Challenging ( No. GAO-07-411). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chun, A. R. 2017. Physiological, Ultrastructure, and Preliminary Genomic Characterization of the Marine Protist Thraustochytrium sp. LLF1b (class Labyrinthulomycetes) (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. 2016. A Blind Man Leans on His Faith as a Source of Encouragement. New York Times. A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graham-Rowe 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Graham-Rowe 2011, Scholes and Scholes 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scholes and Scholes 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ouzounov et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Entomologist
AbbreviationAm. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1046-2821

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