How to format your references using the American Entomologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Entomologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hayflick, L. 2000. New approaches to old age. Nature. 403: 365.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shizuka, D., and B. E. Lyon. 2010. Coots use hatch order to learn to recognize and reject conspecific brood parasitic chicks. Nature. 463: 223–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, Z., P. S. White, and M. Brookhart. 2010. Ligand exchanges and selective catalytic hydrogenation in molecular single crystals. Nature. 465: 598–601.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ruckh, T. T., A. A. Mehta, J. M. Dubach, and H. A. Clark. 2013. Polymer-free optode nanosensors for dynamic, reversible, and ratiometric sodium imaging in the physiological range. Sci. Rep. 3: 3366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, D. 2012. Visual Guide to Financial Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hogan, J. A. 2012. Duration and Bandwidth Limiting: Prolate Functions, Sampling, and Applications, 1st Edition. ed, Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuroda, M., and F. C. Moon. 2008. Local Complexity and Global Nonlinear Modes in Large Arrays of Elastic Rods in an Air Cross-Flow, pp. 39–50. In Minai, A.A., Bar-Yam, Y. (eds.), Unifying Themes in Complex Systems IV: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Entomologist.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017. Brain Scans May Be Able To Help Diagnose Babies At Risk Of Developing Autism. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Space Station: Estimated Total U.S. Funding Requirements ( No. NSIAD-95-163). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quick, T. D. 2012. Faith-based charter school success at education ground zero (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., S. Eder, and M. Krupnick. 2014. In Death of L.I. High School Player, Perils of a Sport Reverberate. New York Times. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hayflick 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hayflick 2000, Shizuka and Lyon 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shizuka and Lyon 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ruckh et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Entomologist
AbbreviationAm. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1046-2821

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