How to format your references using the American Entomologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Entomologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dudukovic, M. P. 2009. Frontiers in reactor engineering. Science. 325: 698–701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duncan, R. G., and A. E. Rivet. 2013. Science education. Science learning progressions. Science. 339: 396–397.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rougier, G. W., S. Apesteguía, and L. C. Gaetano. 2011. Highly specialized mammalian skulls from the Late Cretaceous of South America. Nature. 479: 98–102.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petit, L., A. Svane, Z. Szotek, and W. M. Temmerman. 2003. First-principles calculations of PuO(2+/-x). Science. 301: 498–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trigeassou, J.-C. 2011. Electrical Machines Diagnosis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lacruz, C. R. 2014. Central Nervous System Intraoperative Cytopathology, Essentials in Cytopathology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Boutellier, R., and M. Heinzen. 2014. Diffusion of New Technologies, pp. 59–70. In Heinzen, M. (ed.), Growth Through Innovation: Managing the Technology-Driven Enterprise, Management for Professionals. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Entomologist.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Unstoppable Robo-Roach Can Get Around Any Obstacle. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Environmental Cleanup Costs: NASA Is Making Progress in Identifying Contamination, but More Effort Is Needed ( No. NSIAD-97-98). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, C. 2008. Psycho-socio-cultural risk factors for breech presentation (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eddy, M., and J. Kanter. 2016. Backlash Over Remarks by German E.U. Official. New York Times. A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dudukovic 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dudukovic 2009, Duncan and Rivet 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duncan and Rivet 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Petit et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Entomologist
AbbreviationAm. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1046-2821

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