How to format your references using the American Entomologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Entomologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows, M. 2003. Biomechanics: froghopper insects leap to new heights. Nature. 424: 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peacock, E., and D. L. Garshelis. 2006. Comment on “On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects” IV. Science. 313: 45; author reply 45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kellis, M., B. W. Birren, and E. S. Lander. 2004. Proof and evolutionary analysis of ancient genome duplication in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature. 428: 617–624.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fusseis, F., K. Regenauer-Lieb, J. Liu, R. M. Hough, and F. De Carlo. 2009. Creep cavitation can establish a dynamic granular fluid pump in ductile shear zones. Nature. 459: 974–977.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S. M. 2011. The Controller’s Function. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
(Dan Shen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) in Medicine: Volume 1. Biology and Chemistry) . 2015. Dan Shen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) in Medicine: Volume 1. Biology and Chemistry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Potiron, K., A. El Fallah Seghrouchni, and P. Taillibert. 2013. Fault Tolerance for MAS Specific Faults, pp. 37–57. In El Fallah Seghrouchni, A., Taillibert, P. (eds.), From Fault Classification to Fault Tolerance for Multi-Agent Systems, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Entomologist.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. LEGO Approves Production of Female Scientist Set. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Mass Transit Grants: Risk of Misspent and Ineffectively Used Funds in FTA’s Chicago Region ( No. RCED-92-53). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brister, M. H. 2008. Attitudes of agriscience teachers, counselors, administrators, and students toward selected agriscience programs in Mississippi (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2017. Houston’s Bregman Works on Hitting, Fielding and Spanish. New York Times. SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burrows 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Burrows 2003, Peacock and Garshelis 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peacock and Garshelis 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Fusseis et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Entomologist
AbbreviationAm. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1046-2821

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