How to format your references using the American Entomologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Entomologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agnew, B. 2000. RESEARCH ETHICS: Studies Trace Patchwork of Conflict Policies. Science. 290: 1873a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Löytynoja, A., and N. Goldman. 2008. Phylogeny-aware gap placement prevents errors in sequence alignment and evolutionary analysis. Science. 320: 1632–1635.
A journal article with 3 authors
He, D. Z. Z., S. Jia, and P. Dallos. 2004. Mechanoelectrical transduction of adult outer hair cells studied in a gerbil hemicochlea. Nature. 429: 766–770.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smedowski, A., M. Pietrucha-Dutczak, K. Kaarniranta, and J. Lewin-Kowalik. 2014. A rat experimental model of glaucoma incorporating rapid-onset elevation of intraocular pressure. Sci. Rep. 4: 5910.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cumming, D. J. 2010. Venture Capital. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Reddy, G. V. 2016. Recovering Biodiversity in Indian Forests, SpringerBriefs in Ecology. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Kihara, K., Y. Fujii, K. Saito, N. Numao, Y. Matsuoka, S. Yoshida, M. Tatokoro, and T. Kijima. 2015. Gasless Two-Port Access RoboSurgeon Retroperitoneoscopic Radical Nephroureterectomy, pp. 65–84. In Kihara, K. (ed.), Gasless Single-Port RoboSurgeon Surgery in Urology. Springer Japan, Tokyo.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Entomologist.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. Dancing Planets Reveal How Gas Giants Migrate Towards Stars. IFLScience. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Status of Implementation of GAO Recommendations on Evacuation of Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations and Patients and Residents of Health Care Facilities ( No. GAO-08-544R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, G. M. 2012. Roles of vitamin D and calcium in cancer and diet history (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. 2009. Boat Loss Hampers Upkeep at Castle. New York Times. WE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agnew 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Agnew 2000, Löytynoja and Goldman 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Löytynoja and Goldman 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Smedowski et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Entomologist
AbbreviationAm. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1046-2821

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