How to format your references using the Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kojevnikov A. Russian science: the little ball made science bigger. Nature 2007;449:542.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
de Wit J, Seager S. Constraining exoplanet mass from transmission spectroscopy. Science 2013;342:1473–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Koh K, Zheng X, Sehgal A. JETLAG resets the Drosophila circadian clock by promoting light-induced degradation of TIMELESS. Science 2006;312:1809–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Krusin-Elbaum L, Shibauchi T, Argyle B, Gignac L, Weller D. Stable ultrahigh-density magneto-optical recordings using introduced linear defects. Nature 2001;410:444–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Wassenaar TM. Bacteria. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Baldoni R, Nisse N, Steen M van, editors. Principles of Distributed Systems: 17th International Conference, OPODIS 2013, Nice, France, December 16-18, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 8304. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Stefanov T. Fauna and Distribution of Fishes in Bulgaria. In: Fet V, Popov A, editors. Biogeography and Ecology of Bulgaria, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007, p. 109–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolism.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Earth Used To Have More Than Two Magnetic Poles. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/earth-used-have-more-two-magnetic-poles/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Bureau of Indian Affairs Schools: New Facilities Management Information System Promising, but Improved Data Accuracy Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Panjabi C. Real and imagined immigrant identities in the public sphere: Representations of South Asian women in literary and television media. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gorman J. Buzzed: Sweets Raise Hopes Among Bees. New York Times 2016:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolism
AbbreviationMetabolism
ISSN (print)0026-0495
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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