How to format your references using the Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Honour JW. The fight for fair play. Nature. 2004;430:143–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bland PA, Artemieva NA. Efficient disruption of small asteroids by Earth’s atmosphere. Nature. 2003;424:288–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Li Y, Yi M, Zou X. The linear interplay of intrinsic and extrinsic noises ensures a high accuracy of cell fate selection in budding yeast. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5764.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Houde M, Bertholet S, Gagnon E, Brunet S, Goyette G, Laplante A, et al. Phagosomes are competent organelles for antigen cross-presentation. Nature. 2003;425:402–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Henriksen RN. Scale Invariance. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
1. Murín J, Kompiš V, Kutiš V, editors. Computational Modelling and Advanced Simulations. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. La Piscopia P, Sullivan EE, McDermott C. From Feast to Famine? The Archaeological Profession in Ireland in the New Millennium. In: Jameson JH, Eogan J, editors. Training and Practice for Modern Day Archaeologists. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Experimental Drug Kills Malaria Parasite In 2 Days [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/experimental-drug-kills-malaria-parasite-2-days/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Disapproval of Seattle, Washington, School District Applications for Emergency School Aid Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Apr. Report No.: MWD-76-106.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Alvarez DJ. Piloted simulation study comparing classical and robust flight control design methods [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Qiu L. On Infrastructure, Claims That Don’t Quite Get Off the Ground. New York Times. 2017 Jun 9;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOrphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
AbbreviationOrphanet J. Rare Dis.
ISSN (online)1750-1172
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Genetics(clinical)
Pharmacology (medical)

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