How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Quality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trainor, P. 2003. Development. The bills of qucks and duails. Science 299(5606): 523–524.
A journal article with 2 authors
del Giorgio, P.A., and C.M. Duarte. 2002. Respiration in the open ocean. Nature 420(6914): 379–384.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, A., B. Wu, and L. Wang. 2014. Cooperation with both synergistic and local interactions can be worse than each alone. Sci. Rep. 4: 5536.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
List, M., S. Schmidt, J. Trojnar, J. Thomas, M. Thomassen, et al. 2014. Efficient sample tracking with OpenLabFramework. Sci. Rep. 4: 4278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blume, S.W. 2011. High Voltage Protection for Telecommunications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jacobi, J. 2006. Pro JSF and Ajax: Building Rich Internet Components (J.R. Fallows, editor). Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Frank, D.L. 2016. Management of the Western Corn Rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, Using Transgenic Bt Maize. In: Islam, M.T., Rahman, M., Pandey, P., Jha, C.K., and Aeron, A., editors, Bacilli and Agrobiotechnology. Springer International Publishing, Cham. p. 77–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Quality.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Dubai Could Have the World’s First Fully Functional 3D-Printed Building. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Chemical Assessments: EPA’s New Assessment Process Will Further Limit the Productivity and Credibility of Its Integrated Risk Information System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leslie, M.S. 2012. Understanding Individual Change in Practice: A Grounded Theory Study of Maternity Care Providers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2008. Middle Eastern Munch. New York Times: NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trainor, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (del Giorgio and Duarte, 2002; Trainor, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (del Giorgio and Duarte, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (List et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Quality
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Qual.
ISSN (print)0047-2425
ISSN (online)1537-2537
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology

Other styles