How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Quality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad, E. 2000. PALEONTOLOGY: CT Sleuthing Uncovers Fossil Misfits. Science 288(5472): 1731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wells, J.A., and A.A. Kossiakoff. 2014. Cell biology. New tricks for an old dimer. Science 344(6185): 703–704.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yudkovsky, N., J.A. Ranish, and S. Hahn. 2000. A transcription reinitiation intermediate that is stabilized by activator. Nature 408(6809): 225–229.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Ogata, J., Y. Kanno, Y. Itoh, H. Tsugawa, and M. Suzuki. 2005. Plant biochemistry: anthocyanin biosynthesis in roses. Nature 435(7043): 757–758.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickson, E.F.G. 2012. Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Achourioti, T., H. Galinon, J. Martínez Fernández, and K. Fujimoto, editors. 2015. Unifying the Philosophy of Truth. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Gondard, H., F. Romane, I.S. Regina, and S. Leonardi. 2006. Forest management and plant species diversity in chestnut stands of three Mediterranean areas. In: Hawksworth, D.L. and Bull, A.T., editors, Forest Diversity and Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. p. 69–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Quality.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2017. American Farmers May Be Directly Feeding Cows Skittles In Odd Conspiracy. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Attack Warning: ADP Replacement for Warning and Assessment System Still Years Away. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shendge, P.N. 2017. Improvement in Estimation of Carrier Frequency Offset in Wireless Networks.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Novelist Faces Pornography Charge. New York Times: A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stokstad, 2000; Wells and Kossiakoff, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wells and Kossiakoff, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ogata et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Quality
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Qual.
ISSN (print)0047-2425
ISSN (online)1537-2537
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology

Other styles