How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Quality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers, S.A. 2014. Surface Science. Stability at the surface. Science 346(6214): 1186–1187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waterhouse, P.M., and R.P. Hellens. 2015. Plant biology: Coding in non-coding RNAs. Nature 520(7545): 41–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsberg, N.S., S.R. Garner, and L.V. Hau. 2007. Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics. Nature 445(7128): 623–626.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
König, R., S. Stertz, Y. Zhou, A. Inoue, H.-H. Hoffmann, et al. 2010. Human host factors required for influenza virus replication. Nature 463(7282): 813–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chapman, R.J. 2012. Simple Tools and Techniques for Enterprise Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Stanilov, K., editor. 2007. The Post-Socialist City: Urban Form and Space Transformations in Central and Eastern Europe after Socialism. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
McTear, M. 2008. Handling Miscommunication: Why Bother? In: Dybkjær, L. and Minker, W., editors, Recent Trends in Discourse and Dialogue. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. p. 101–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Quality.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2017. The Sexiest Way To Dance, According To Science. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Early Childhood Programs: Many Poor Children and Strained Resources Challenge Head Start. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santella Steen, S. 2017. The Potential of Television Programming as a Resource to Facilitate Academic Progress for Students who have a Specific Learning Disability in Reading.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. 2016. Coachella Classic. New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Assmann, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Clapham, 2003; Eisenstein, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waterhouse and Hellens, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hatsugai et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Quality
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Qual.
ISSN (print)0047-2425
ISSN (online)1537-2537
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology

Other styles