How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Quality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fortini, M.E. 2007. Medicine. Anticipating trouble from gene transcription. Science 315(5820): 1800–1801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris, R.G., and M. Barthelemy. 2013. Interdependent networks: the fragility of control. Sci. Rep. 3: 2764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Padian, K., A.J. de Ricqlès, and J.R. Horner. 2001. Dinosaurian growth rates and bird origins. Nature 412(6845): 405–408.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Dixit, S., J. Crain, W.C.K. Poon, J.L. Finney, and A.K. Soper. 2002. Molecular segregation observed in a concentrated alcohol-water solution. Nature 416(6883): 829–832.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guochao, Q., T. Shuyu, Z. Min, and J. Chun. 2014. The Environment and Landscape in Motorway Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Khurana, J.S. 2010. Essentials in Bone and Soft-Tissue Pathology (E.F. McCarthy and P.J. Zhang, editors). Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Shilov, V.V., and S.A. Silantiev. 2016. ‘Machines à Comparer les Idées’ of Semen Korsakov: First Step Towards AI. In: Tatnall, A. and Leslie, C., editors, International Communities of Invention and Innovation: IFIP WG 9.7 International Conference on the History of Computing, HC 2016, Brooklyn, NY, USA, May 25-29, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham. p. 71–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Quality.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015. Scientists Implant Tiny Lasers Into Living Cells. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Aviation Safety: FAA Oversight of Repair Stations Needs Improvement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gros, T.R. 2009. A templated agarose scaffold for axon guidance in the central and peripheral nervous system.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Berkman, S. 2017. Mets’ Matz Needs Elbow Surgery in Another Blow to the Rotation. New York Times: B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fortini, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fortini, 2007; Morris and Barthelemy, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morris and Barthelemy, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Dixit et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Quality
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Qual.
ISSN (print)0047-2425
ISSN (online)1537-2537
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology

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