How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Quality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zimmer, C. 2004. Beyond the ivory tower. A distant mirror for the brain. Science 303(5654): 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaspi, Y., and T. Schneider. 2011. Winter cold of eastern continental boundaries induced by warm ocean waters. Nature 471(7340): 621–624.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keith, D.W., E. Parson, and M.G. Morgan. 2010. Research on global sun block needed now. Nature 463(7280): 426–427.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Heavens, A., B. Panter, R. Jimenez, and J. Dunlop. 2004. The star-formation history of the Universe from the stellar populations of nearby galaxies. Nature 428(6983): 625–627.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker, D. 2011. Global Real Estate Investment Trusts. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Schütz, D., and F.M. Wahl, editors. 2011. Robotic Systems for Handling and Assembly. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Janssenswillen, G., T. Jouck, M. Creemers, and B. Depaire. 2016. Measuring the Quality of Models with Respect to the Underlying System: An Empirical Study. In: La Rosa, M., Loos, P., and Pastor, O., editors, Business Process Management: 14th International Conference, BPM 2016, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 18-22, 2016. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham. p. 73–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Quality.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Herpes Virus Could Treat Skin Cancer. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Federal Software Licenses: Better Management Needed to Achieve Significant Savings Government-Wide. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews, M. 2014. Health literacy competencies for health professionals: A Delphi study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McNAMARA, J. 2017. Falling Through Time. New York Times: BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zimmer, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Zimmer, 2004; Kaspi and Schneider, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaspi and Schneider, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Heavens et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Quality
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Qual.
ISSN (print)0047-2425
ISSN (online)1537-2537
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology

Other styles