How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Quality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ciais, P. 2009. Journal club. A geoscientist is astounded by Earth’s huge frozen carbon deposits. Nature 462(7272): 393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tang, S., and A. Guo. 2001. Choice behavior of Drosophila facing contradictory visual cues. Science 294(5546): 1543–1547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, J., A.A. Abdeen, and K.A. Kilian. 2014. Rewiring mesenchymal stem cell lineage specification by switching the biophysical microenvironment. Sci. Rep. 4: 5188.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Mandel, O., M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T.W. Hänsch, et al. 2003. Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms. Nature 425(6961): 937–940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, D. 2013. Reading Paradise Lost. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Ravi, V., B.K. Panigrahi, S. Das, and P.N. Suganthan, editors. 2015. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fuzzy and Neuro Computing (FANCCO - 2015). 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bengler, K., H. Bubb, I. Totzke, J. Schumann, and F. Flemisch. 2012. Automotive. In: Stein, M. and Sandl, P., editors, Information Ergonomics: A theoretical approach and practical experience in transportation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. p. 99–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Quality.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2017. Scientists Once Gave LSD To Dolphins In The Hope Of Learning To Communicate With Them. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Federal Autism Activities: Agencies Are Encouraging Early Identification and Providing Services, and Recent Actions Could Improve Coordination. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morris, L. 2010. Evolving the leadership model of the American theatre to forge a fiscally and artistically secure future.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B. 2016. Not Everyone Is a Football Fan. New York Times: D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ciais, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Tang and Guo, 2001; Ciais, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tang and Guo, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mandel et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Quality
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Qual.
ISSN (print)0047-2425
ISSN (online)1537-2537
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology

Other styles