How to format your references using the Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baldauf SL (2003) The deep roots of eukaryotes. Science 300:1703–1706
A journal article with 2 authors
Pedersen TR, Gerken EA (2005) Creation of visible artificial optical emissions in the aurora by high-power radio waves. Nature 433:498–500
A journal article with 3 authors
Bacles CFE, Lowe AJ, Ennos RA (2006) Effective seed dispersal across a fragmented landscape. Science 311:628
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kang C, Ye H, Chia J, et al (2013) Functional role of the flexible N-terminal extension of FKBP38 in catalysis. Sci Rep 3:2985

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kowalick TM (2004) Fatal Exit. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chen G-N (2007) Granite Genesis: In Situ Melting and Crustal Evolution. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Allmendinger R, Knowles J (2015) Ephemeral Resource Constraints in Optimization. In: Datta R, Deb K (eds) Evolutionary Constrained Optimization. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 95–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) New Blood Test Diagnoses Depression. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) GSA’s Telecommunications Procurement Program Requires Comprehensive Planning and Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant TL (2017) The Influence of High School Preparation on Black Male Students’ Ability to Succeed at the Post-Secondary Level. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) A Sprint and Leap Into the Unknown. New York Times F15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baldauf 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Baldauf 2003; Pedersen and Gerken 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pedersen and Gerken 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrigins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres
AbbreviationOrig. Life Evol. Biosph.
ISSN (print)0169-6149
ISSN (online)1573-0875
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Space and Planetary Science
General Medicine

Other styles