How to format your references using the Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rupen MP (2002) Astronomy. Microquasar fireworks. Science 298:73–74
A journal article with 2 authors
Douvris C, Ozerov OV (2008) Hydrodefluorination of perfluoroalkyl groups using silylium-carborane catalysts. Science 321:1188–1190
A journal article with 3 authors
Yin Q, Jacobsen SB, Yamashita K (2002) Diverse supernova sources of pre-solar material inferred from molybdenum isotopes in meteorites. Nature 415:881–883
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tang Y, Shi J, Li S, et al (2014) Microfluidic device with integrated microfilter of conical-shaped holes for high efficiency and high purity capture of circulating tumor cells. Sci Rep 4:6052

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krings A, Braham RR (2008) Guide to Tendrillate Climbers of Costa Rican Mountains. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Pontarotti P (ed) (2013) Evolutionary Biology: Exobiology and Evolutionary Mechanisms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ozaki T, Kosaka T, Kusukawa K (2016) Effect of Degree of Cure on Damage Development in FRP. In: Beese AM, Zehnder AT, Xia S (eds) Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 8: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 27–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) East African Hunter-Gatherer Research Suggests The Human Microbiome Is An Ecological Disaster Zone. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) NASA ADP Systems: Information on the Automated Mission and Payload Tracking System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banerjee S (2013) A mathematical model for the transition in firing patterns across puberty of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuron. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alexander K (2002) A Different Shade of Green. New York Times 638

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rupen 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Rupen 2002; Douvris and Ozerov 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Douvris and Ozerov 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrigins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres
AbbreviationOrig. Life Evol. Biosph.
ISSN (print)0169-6149
ISSN (online)1573-0875
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Space and Planetary Science
General Medicine

Other styles