How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quentin D. Atkinson. 2011. Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa. Science 332, 6027 (April 2011), 346–349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Renton Righelato and Dominick V. Spracklen. 2007. Environment. Carbon mitigation by biofuels or by saving and restoring forests? Science 317, 5840 (August 2007), 902.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Rajca, J. Wongsriratanakul, and S. Rajca. 2001. Magnetic ordering in an organic polymer. Science 294, 5546 (November 2001), 1503–1505.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sheng Yan, Jun Zhang, Ming Li, Gursel Alici, Haiping Du, Ronald Sluyter, and Weihua Li. 2014. On-chip high-throughput manipulation of particles in a dielectrophoresis-active hydrophoretic focuser. Sci. Rep. 4, (May 2014), 5060.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Helmi A. Youssef. 2015. Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lei Liu, Quanmin Zhu, Lei Cheng, Yongji Wang, and Dongya Zhao (Eds.). 2014. Applied Methods and Techniques for Mechatronic Systems: Modelling, Identification and Control. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Carl Dea, Mark Heckler, Gerrit Grunwald, José Pereda, and Sean M. Phillips. 2014. Graphics with JavaFX. In JavaFX 8: Introduction by Example, Mark Heckler, Gerrit Grunwald, José Pereda and Sean M. Phillips (eds.). Apress, Berkeley, CA, 123–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems.

Blog post
Tom Hale. 2017. Dream Disorders Could Be Early Indicator Of Future Brain Disease. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Information Technology: A Model to Help Managers Decrease Acquisition Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toby Laird. 2008. Risk and protective factors associated with adjudicated versus non -adjudicated youths arrested for substance use. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Saslow. 2006. Jets Overhead, Noise Complaints Below. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,5,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Embed. Comput. Syst.
ISSN (print)1539-9087
ISSN (online)1558-3465
ScopeHardware and Architecture

Other styles