How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quirin Schiermeier. 2003. Deep-sea sub aims to get to the bottom of a muddy issue. Nature 423, 6939 (May 2003), 469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sudha K. Shenoy and Howard A. Rockman. 2011. Cardiovascular biology: heart fails without pump partner. Nature 477, 7366 (September 2011), 546–547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ilya Grinberg, Valentino R. Cooper, and Andrew M. Rappe. 2002. Relationship between local structure and phase transitions of a disordered solid solution. Nature 419, 6910 (October 2002), 909–911.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. A. Kerstetter, K. Bollman, R. A. Taylor, K. Bomblies, and R. S. Poethig. 2001. KANADI regulates organ polarity in Arabidopsis. Nature 411, 6838 (June 2001), 706–709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ron Lenk and Carol Lenk. 2011. Practical Lighting Design With LEDs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
L. Ashley Cowart (Ed.). 2011. Sphingolipids and Metabolic Disease. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Jane Hemsley-Brown and Izhar Oplatka. 2016. Organisational Factors Influencing Higher Education Consumer Choice. In Higher Education Consumer Choice, Izhar Oplatka (ed.). Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 94–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems.

Blog post
Tom Hale. 2016. German WW1 Sub “Sunk By Sea Monster” Found In Sonar Images. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Federally Funded Research Centers: Agency Reviews of Employee Compensation and Center Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frantz Bernard Joseph. 2017. Adsorption and Transformation of Selenium from Elemental Selenium Nanoparticles by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George Vecsey. 2010. Coaches Come and Go, Except JoePa. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Embed. Comput. Syst.
ISSN (print)1539-9087
ISSN (online)1558-3465
ScopeHardware and Architecture

Other styles