How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. B. Goodenough. 2000. Oxide-ion conductors by design. Nature 404, 6780 (April 2000), 821, 823.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrick M. McCarthy and William A. Smith. 2002. Mechanical circulatory support--a long and winding road. Science 295, 5557 (February 2002), 998–999.
A journal article with 3 authors
Julija Krupic, Neil Burgess, and John O’Keefe. 2012. Neural representations of location composed of spatially periodic bands. Science 337, 6096 (August 2012), 853–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhengjian Lv, Robin Roychaudhuri, Margaret M. Condron, David B. Teplow, and Yuri L. Lyubchenko. 2013. Mechanism of amyloid β-protein dimerization determined using single-molecule AFM force spectroscopy. Sci. Rep. 3, (October 2013), 2880.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agata Godula-Jopek, Walter Jehle, and Jörg Wellnitz. 2012. Hydrogen Storage Technologies. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Walter Leal Filho, Franziska Mannke, Romeela Mohee, Veronika Schulte, and Dinesh Surroop (Eds.). 2013. Climate-Smart Technologies: Integrating Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Mitigation and Adaptation Responses. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Renso, S. Puntoni, E. Frentzos, A. Mazzoni, B. Moelans, N. Pelekis, and F. Pini. 2008. Wireless Network Data Sources: Tracking and Synthesizing Trajectories. In Mobility, Data Mining and Privacy: Geographic Knowledge Discovery, Fosca Giannotti and Dino Pedreschi (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 73–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2015. Babbler Bird Speak is Remarkably Human-Like. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Telecommunications: Metropolitan Area Acquisition Program Implementation and Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Julie Anne Beard. 2014. Evidence of Leadership Competencies in the Journal of Mary Easton Sibley, a Pioneering 19th Century Women’s College Founder. Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly Feeney. 2007. Cheesecakes to Share, or Not. New York Times, 14NJ14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Embed. Comput. Syst.
ISSN (print)1539-9087
ISSN (online)1558-3465
ScopeHardware and Architecture

Other styles