How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin J. Van Kranendonk. 2011. Geochemistry. Onset of plate tectonics. Science 333, 6041 (July 2011), 413–414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johan Nilsson and David N. Payne. 2011. Physics. High-power fiber lasers. Science 332, 6032 (May 2011), 921–922.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mei Zhang, Ken R. Atkinson, and Ray H. Baughman. 2004. Multifunctional carbon nanotube yarns by downsizing an ancient technology. Science 306, 5700 (November 2004), 1358–1361.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Malliya Gounder Palanichamy, Suraksha Agrawal, Yong-Gang Yao, Qing-Peng Kong, Chang Sun, Faisal Khan, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri, and Ya-Ping Zhang. 2006. Comment on “Reconstructing the origin of Andaman islanders.” Science 311, 5760 (January 2006), 470; author reply 470.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lawrence V. Tannenbaum. 2013. Alternative Ecological Risk Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
David M. Whitacre (Ed.). 2008. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Vol 196. Springer US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Bonnie Fagan, Robyn Brandenburg, and Liz Crothers. 2013. An Aboriginal Pathway to Learning: My Story. In Pedagogies for the Future: Leading Quality Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, Jacqueline Z. Wilson (ed.). SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Watch A Bizarrely Long Parasite Emerge From This Praying Mantis. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Federal Human Resources Data: OPM Should Improve the Availability and Reliability of Payroll Data to Support Accountability and Workforce Analytics. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robert Roan. 2017. Depth and Digital in Conversation: Practicing Marriage and Family Therapy Directly With Video Game Avatars. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jonathan Mahler and Nicholas Confessore. 2015. Puerto Rico’s Pricey Struggle. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Embed. Comput. Syst.
ISSN (print)1539-9087
ISSN (online)1558-3465
ScopeHardware and Architecture

Other styles