How to format your references using the Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (JMRI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P: Calling for entrepreneurs London. Nature 2002; 419:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Guimerà R, Nunes Amaral LA: Functional cartography of complex metabolic networks. Nature 2005; 433:895–900.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Quattrociocchi W, Caldarelli G, Scala A: Opinion dynamics on interacting networks: media competition and social influence. Sci Rep 2014; 4:4938.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sugioka H, Hamano Y, Baba K, Kasaya T, Tada N, Suetsugu D: Tsunami: ocean dynamo generator. Sci Rep 2014; 4:3596.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ni Z, Pacoret C, Benosman R, Régnier S: Haptic Feedback Teleoperation of Optical Tweezers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Lin CY-Y: National Intellectual Capital and the Financial Crisis in Indonesia, Malaysia, The Philippines, and Thailand. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. [SpringerBriefs in Economics]
A chapter in an edited book
1. Callinicos A: Marxism: and the Very Idea of Critical Political Economy. In The Palgrave Handbook of Critical International Political Economy. Edited by Cafruny A, Talani LS, Pozo Martin G. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Blog post
1. Infant Burials In Alaska Hint At How People First Colonized The Americas []


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office: Noncitizen Student Loan Defaults. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Arab AA: Finite Element Modeling of Pretensioned Concrete Girders: A Methodological Approach with Applications in Large Strands and End Zone Cracking. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B: Is It Time for a New Prince Moment? New York Times 2017:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Reson. Imaging
ISSN (print)1053-1807
ISSN (online)1522-2586
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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