How to format your references using the Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (JMRI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bortman H: Requiem for an observatory. Nature 2000; 405:504–506.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Orphanides G, Reinberg D: RNA polymerase II elongation through chromatin. Nature 2000; 407:471–475.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Keller RA, Fisk MR, White WM: Isotopic evidence for Late Cretaceous plume-ridge interaction at the Hawaiian hotspot. Nature 2000; 405:673–676.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Thyme SB, Jarjour J, Takeuchi R, et al.: Exploitation of binding energy for catalysis and design. Nature 2009; 461:1300–1304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Omura Y, Mallik A, Matsuo N: MOS Devices for Low-Voltage and Low-Energy Applications. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Issariyakul T: Introduction to Network Simulator NS2. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hirvensalo M: Quantum Information – A Tutorial. In Unconventional Computation: 10th International Conference, UC 2011, Turku, Finland, June 6-10, 2011 Proceedings. Edited by Calude CS, Kari J, Petre I, Rozenberg G. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:11–13. [Lecture Notes in Computer Science]

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Blog post
1. Alzheimer’s Drug Permeates Blood-Brain Barrier []


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office: Health Information Technology: HHS Is Continuing Efforts to Define a National Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mehmeti A: Intensive dramaturgical research facilitated the creation of the character Soran Saleen in “The Poetry of Pizza.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly J: When the Mill Pulled the Rub Out From Under Yonkers. New York Times 1979:Westchester WeeklyWC15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Reson. Imaging
ISSN (print)1053-1807
ISSN (online)1522-2586
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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