How to format your references using the Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (JMRI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ciochon RL: The mystery ape of Pleistocene Asia. Nature 2009; 459:910–911.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. McIntosh AR, Lobaugh NJ: Neuroscience. When is a word not a word? Science 2003; 301:322–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Milward GC, Calderón MJ, Littlewood PB: Electronically soft phases in manganites. Nature 2005; 433:607–610.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhu M, Ahlberg PE, Zhao W, Jia L: Palaeontology: first Devonian tetrapod from Asia. Nature 2002; 420:760–761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ccps: Guidelines for Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Korach KS, Wintermantel T (Eds): Tissue-Specific Estrogen Action: Novel Mechanisms, Novel Ligands, Novel Therapies. Volume 2006/1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. [Ernst Schering Foundation Symposium Proceedings]
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dordas C: Nutrient Management Perspectives in Conservation Agriculture. In Conservation Agriculture. Edited by Farooq M, Siddique KHM. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:79–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Blog post
1. Antarctica’s Massive Crack Is Growing At A Worrying Rate []


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office: Management Improvements Essential for Key Automated Systems at the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Keels D: An Analysis of the Correlation between Teacher Effectiveness and Student Standardized Test Scores. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW: Puerto Rico Fails to Pay $58 Million Bond Debt. New York Times 2015:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Reson. Imaging
ISSN (print)1053-1807
ISSN (online)1522-2586
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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