How to format your references using the Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (JMRI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shatz CJ: David Hunter Hubel (1926-2013). Nature 2013; 502:625.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Allen PA, Hoffman PF: Extreme winds and waves in the aftermath of a Neoproterozoic glaciation. Nature 2005; 433:123–127.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Beskow LM, Dame L, Costello EJ: Research ethics. Certificates of confidentiality and compelled disclosure of data. Science 2008; 322:1054–1055.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schwechheimer C, Serino G, Callis J, et al.: Interactions of the COP9 signalosome with the E3 ubiquitin ligase SCFTIRI in mediating auxin response. Science 2001; 292:1379–1382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bernatz RA: Fourier Series and Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Baglieri D, Metallo C, Rossignoli C, Pezzillo Iacono M (Eds): Information Systems, Management, Organization and Control: Smart Practices and Effects. Volume 6. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. [Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation]
A chapter in an edited book
1. Domaratzki M, Salomaa K: On Language Decompositions and Primality. In Rainbow of Computer Science: Dedicated to Hermann Maurer on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. Edited by Calude CS, Rozenberg G, Salomaa A. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:63–75. [Lecture Notes in Computer Science]

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Blog post
1. Curiosity Can Now Zap Rocks On Mars By Itself []


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office: The Air Force’s Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Competitive Procurement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Akers K: The Impact of Work-Family Conflict, Gender, and Family-Friendly Policies on Organizational Attractiveness and Job Pursuit Intentions. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly S: What Did You Expect, the Spanish Inquisition? New York Times 1999:75.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal Of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Reson. Imaging
ISSN (print)1053-1807
ISSN (online)1522-2586
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles