How to format your references using the Organization Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swanson, R. M. (2009). Applied physics. Photovoltaics power up. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324, 891–892.
A journal article with 2 authors
Restuccia, D. F., & Hemmings, B. A. (2009). Cell signaling. Blocking Akt-ivity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325, 1083–1084.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, Z., Huang, W., & Gu, X. (2011). Comment on “Positive selection of tyrosine loss in metazoan evolution.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 332, 917; author reply 917.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reddy, K. C., Andersen, E. C., Kruglyak, L., & Kim, D. H. (2009). A polymorphism in npr-1 is a behavioral determinant of pathogen susceptibility in C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323, 382–384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zwecher, M. J. (2010). Retirement Portfolios Workbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rajpal, V. R., Rao, S. R., & Raina, S. N. (Eds.). (2016). Molecular Breeding for Sustainable Crop Improvement: Volume 2 (Vol. 11). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Imura, K., & Okamoto, H. (2011). Near-Field Optical Imaging of Wavefunctions and Optical Fields in Plasmonic Nanostructures. In M. Ohtsu (Ed.), Progress in Nanophotonics 1 (pp. 127–160). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 24). Shape-Shifting Frog Discovered In Ecuador. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Civil Aviation Research and Development Programs and Facilities (No. PSAD-76-146). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, J. (2017). Surviving Childhood Bullying: Impact on Psychosocial Well-Being in Adulthood (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M’kay, I. P. (1936, September 5). REDEFINING POLITICAL TERMS; Need Seen for New Outlook on the Tariff and Isolation. New York Times, p. social news books14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swanson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Restuccia & Hemmings, 2009; Swanson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Restuccia & Hemmings, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Su, Huang, & Gu, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Reddy, Andersen, Kruglyak, & Kim, 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization Studies
ISSN (print)0170-8406
ISSN (online)1741-3044
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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