How to format your references using the Organization Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crampton, J. (2011). Paleontology. What drives biodiversity changes? Science (New York, N.Y.), 334, 1073–1074.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eroglu, C., & Barres, B. A. (2010). Regulation of synaptic connectivity by glia. Nature, 468, 223–231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scaillet, B., Pichavant, M., & Cioni, R. (2008). Upward migration of Vesuvius magma chamber over the past 20,000 years. Nature, 455, 216–219.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Guogas, L. M., Filman, D. J., Hogle, J. M., & Gehrke, L. (2004). Cofolding organizes alfalfa mosaic virus RNA and coat protein for replication. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306, 2108–2111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher, R. B., Breckon, T. P., Dawson-Howe, K., Fitzgibbon, A., Robertson, C., Trucco, E., & Williams, C. K. I. (2016). Dictionary of Computer Vision and Image Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lavi, R. (Ed.). (2014). Algorithmic Game Theory: 7th International Symposium, SAGT 2014, Haifa, Israel, September 30 – October 2, 2014. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Egamberdieva, D. (2016). Bacillus spp.: A Potential Plant Growth Stimulator and Biocontrol Agent Under Hostile Environmental Conditions. In M. T. Islam, M. Rahman, P. Pandey, C. K. Jha, & A. Aeron (Eds.), Bacilli and Agrobiotechnology (pp. 91–111). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 16). 3D Printer Builds Homes From Mud In Impoverished Areas.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Drug Control: Status of Plan to Use Federal Research and Development Facilities (No. NSIAD-90-7BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Starner, R. N. (2013). Expanding the Scope of Silyl Protecting Groups for Sialylation Reactions (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C. (2016, April 27). Transfixed by a Burbling Fountain of Youth. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crampton, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Crampton, 2011; Eroglu & Barres, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eroglu & Barres, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Scaillet, Pichavant, & Cioni, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Guogas, Filman, Hogle, & Gehrke, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization Studies
ISSN (print)0170-8406
ISSN (online)1741-3044
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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