How to format your references using the Organization Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Neill, L. A. (2011). Retrospective. Jürg Tschopp (1951-2011). Science (New York, N.Y.), 332, 679.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lamb, S., & Davis, P. (2003). Cenozoic climate change as a possible cause for the rise of the Andes. Nature, 425, 792–797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, X., Fauqué, B., & Behnia, K. (2015). SOLID-STATE PHYSICS. Scalable T2 resistivity in a small single-component Fermi surface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349, 945–948.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Molinari, M., Calanca, V., Galli, C., Lucca, P., & Paganetti, P. (2003). Role of EDEM in the release of misfolded glycoproteins from the calnexin cycle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299, 1397–1400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilisoly, R. (2008). Practical Text Mining with Perl. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Luo, L. (Ed.). (2013). Heat and Mass Transfer Intensification and Shape Optimization: A Multi-scale Approach. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Järvinen, J., Huomo, T., Mikkonen, T., & Tyrväinen, P. (2014). From Agile Software Development to Mercury Business. In C. Lassenius & K. Smolander (Eds.), Software Business. Towards Continuous Value Delivery: 5th International Conference, ICSOB 2014, Paphos, Cyprus, June 16-18, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 58–71). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization Studies.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2015, November 4). Sleepwalkers Who Injure Themselves Don’t Feel Pain Until They Wake Up.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Highway Safety: Reliability and Validity of DOT Crash Tests (No. PEMD-95-5). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lai, J.-P. (2008). Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog Deleted on Chromosome Ten (PTEN) As A Molecular Target in Lung Epithelial Wound Repair and Protection (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. E. (2017, May 9). An agenda for South Korea’s new leader. New York Times, p. 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Neill, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lamb & Davis, 2003; O’Neill, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lamb & Davis, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Lin, Fauqué, & Behnia, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Molinari, Calanca, Galli, Lucca, & Paganetti, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization Studies
ISSN (print)0170-8406
ISSN (online)1741-3044
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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