How to format your references using the Organization Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amabilino, D. B. (2009). Chemistry. How deformation can lend a hand to molecular ordering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325, 402–403.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steltzer, H., & Post, E. (2009). Ecology. Seasons and life cycles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324, 886–887.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guo, D., Knight, T. E., & McCusker, J. K. (2011). Angular momentum conservation in dipolar energy transfer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334, 1684–1687.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hughey, J. R., Gabrielson, P. W., Rohmer, L., Tortolani, J., Silva, M., Miller, K. A., … Ruediger, E. (2014). Minimally destructive sampling of type specimens of Pyropia (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) recovers complete plastid and mitochondrial genomes. Scientific Reports, 4, 5113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aït-Kadi, D., Chouinard, M., Marcotte, S., & Riopel, D. (2012). Sustainable Reverse Logistics Network. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dörner, R., Göbel, S., Effelsberg, W., & Wiemeyer, J. (Eds.). (2016). Serious Games: Foundations, Concepts and Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohanty, M. S., & Rishabh, K. (2016). Financial Intermediation and Monetary Policy Transmission in EMEs: What has Changed Since the 2008 Crisis? In C. Ghate & K. M. Kletzer (Eds.), Monetary Policy in India: A Modern Macroeconomic Perspective (pp. 111–150). New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 10). Death Match: Tarantula vs. Wasp.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Early Childhood Education: Information on Costs and Services at High-Quality Centers (No. HRD-89-130FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryan, J. D. (2009). Team development social networking and its impact on the encouragement of spiritual leadership (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, August 26). African-American Tennis, Fostered for 100 Years. New York Times, p. SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amabilino, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Amabilino, 2009; Steltzer & Post, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steltzer & Post, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Guo, Knight, & McCusker, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hughey et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization Studies
ISSN (print)0170-8406
ISSN (online)1741-3044
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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