How to format your references using the Journal of Semiconductors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Semiconductors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M 2015 Medicine: Eyes on the target Nature 527 S110-2
A journal article with 2 authors
Cox B and Beard P 2015 Imaging techniques: Super-resolution ultrasound Nature 527 451–2
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang Z-Y, Sun K-D and Wang S-Q 2013 Enhanced community structure detection in complex networks with partial background information Sci. Rep. 3 3241
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Stremlau M, Owens C M, Perron M J, Kiessling M, Autissier P and Sodroski J 2004 The cytoplasmic body component TRIM5alpha restricts HIV-1 infection in Old World monkeys Nature 427 848–53

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tobias J and Hochhauser D 2014 Cancer and its Management (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Rummel A and Binz T 2013 Botulinum Neurotoxins vol 364 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Cumming J J and Van der Kleij F M 2016 Effective Enactment of Assessment for Learning and Student Diversity in Australia Assessment for Learning: Meeting the Challenge of Implementation The Enabling Power of Assessment ed D Laveault and L Allal (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 55–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Semiconductors.

Blog post
Andrews R 2015 Practising Music Improves The Symmetry Of Your Brain IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990 Space Program: Space Debris a Potential Threat to Space Station and Shuttle (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Compagna-Doll V A 2017 Unearthing the Third: The Crone in Depth Psychotherapy Doctoral dissertation (Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2007 Justices, 5-4, Accept No Excuses From Inmate for Mistaken Late Filing of an Appeal New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Semiconductors
AbbreviationJ. Semicond.
ISSN (print)1674-4926
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles