How to format your references using the Journal of Semiconductors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Semiconductors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butts C T 2009 Revisiting the foundations of network analysis Science 325 414–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Elena S F and Sanjuán R 2003 Evolution. Climb every mountain? Science 302 2074–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Herbst J, Heyne K and Diller R 2002 Femtosecond infrared spectroscopy of bacteriorhodopsin chromophore isomerization Science 297 822–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Gu C, Zhang X, Jiang J, Guan Z, Zhao S, Fang W, Liao Y, Chen S and Chen F 2014 Chrysanthemum CmNAR2 interacts with CmNRT2 in the control of nitrate uptake Sci. Rep. 4 5833

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minns P and Elliott I 2008 FSM-Based Digital Design Using Verilog HDL (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Feng H, Mao Y and Zhang J H 2011 Early Brain Injury or Cerebral Vasospasm: Volume 2: Clinical Management vol 110/2 (Vienna: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Bazzo J J and Cardieri P 2016 Evaluation of the LTE 450 MHz System Performance with Different Terminal Antennas Long Term Evolution: 4G and Beyond Telecommunications and Information Technology ed A Paradisi, M D Yacoub, F Lira Figueiredo and T Tronco (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 61–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Semiconductors.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Scientists Reveal How A Zombifying Virus Manipulates Its Caterpillar Host IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007 Aviation Security: Efforts to Strengthen International Passenger Prescreening are Under Way, but Planning and Implementation Issues Remain (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams A W 2013 Shepherd leadership of Church of God pastors and how this relates to ministerial effectiveness Doctoral dissertation (Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M 2010 Ride Home With It New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Semiconductors
AbbreviationJ. Semicond.
ISSN (print)1674-4926
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles