How to format your references using the Journal of Semiconductors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Semiconductors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wentrup C 2001 Chemistry. Fleeting molecules extend their stay Science 292 1846–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Chaffer C L and Weinberg R A 2011 A perspective on cancer cell metastasis Science 331 1559–64
A journal article with 3 authors
Holland N D, Holland L Z and Holland P W H 2015 Scenarios for the making of vertebrates Nature 520 450–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hennigs J K, Baumann H J, Lüneburg N, Quast G, Harbaum L, Heyckendorf J, Sydow K, Schulte-Hubbert B, Halank M and Klose H 2014 Fibrinogen plasma concentration is an independent marker of haemodynamic impairment in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension Sci. Rep. 4 4808

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gostick A and Elton C 2006 Führen mit Möhren (Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Bigerna S 2015 The Sustainability of Renewable Energy in Europe ed C A Bollino and S Micheli (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Morschett D, Schramm-Klein H and Zentes J 2009 Role Typologies for Foreign Subsidiaries Strategic International Management: Text and Cases ed H Schramm-Klein and J Zentes (Wiesbaden: Gabler) pp 51–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Semiconductors.

Blog post
Andrews R 2016 Enormous Japanese Sinkhole Fixed In Just One Week IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1986 Selected Information on Bypass of Local Telephone Companies (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barajas D 2010 The marginalization of Zitkala-Ša and Wendy Rose Doctoral dissertation (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davis J H and Kelly K 2017 Trump Plans to Shift Infrastructure Funding to Cities, States and Business New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Semiconductors
AbbreviationJ. Semicond.
ISSN (print)1674-4926
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles