How to format your references using the Journal of Semiconductors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Semiconductors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turnpenny L 2009 Journal club. A stem-cell researcher considers an accusation of dullness Nature 459 143
A journal article with 2 authors
Hauser M D and Bever T 2008 Behavior. A biolinguistic agenda Science 322 1057–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang J-T, Chen C and Kawazoe Y 2013 New carbon allotropes with helical chains of complementary chirality connected by ethene-type π-conjugation Sci. Rep. 3 3077
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Cowan T, Cai W, Purich A, Rotstayn L and England M H 2013 Forcing of anthropogenic aerosols on temperature trends of the sub-thermocline southern Indian Ocean Sci. Rep. 3 2245

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paul C R 2011 Transmission Lines in Digital Systems for EMC Practitioners (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Giesy J P and Solomon K R 2014 Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States vol 231 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Komatineni S and MacLean D 2012 Understanding Intents Pro Android 4 ed D MacLean (Berkeley, CA: Apress) pp 113–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Semiconductors.

Blog post
Andrew D 2016 Extinction Alert: Saving The World From A Deadly Asteroid Impact IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1971 Administration of Certain Allowances and Differentials Paid to Civilian Employees Located Overseas (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez D 2017 Numerical Simulation of a Flowfield Around a Hypersonic Missile with Lateral Jets Doctoral dissertation (Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman J L 2017 Damien Chazelle on Los Angeles and Its Charms New York Times TR2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Semiconductors
AbbreviationJ. Semicond.
ISSN (print)1674-4926
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles