How to format your references using the Journal of Semiconductors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Semiconductors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fink D W Jr 2009 FDA regulation of stem cell-based products Science 324 1662–3
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen T M and Cullis P R 2004 Drug delivery systems: entering the mainstream Science 303 1818–22
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldi C, Cho S and Ellis R E 2009 Mutations in two independent pathways are sufficient to create hermaphroditic nematodes Science 326 1002–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Yapici N, Kim Y-J, Ribeiro C and Dickson B J 2008 A receptor that mediates the post-mating switch in Drosophila reproductive behaviour Nature 451 33–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai Y 2010 Practical Database Programming with Visual C#.NET (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Schulzrinne H 2009 Peer-to-Peer Computing for Mobile Networks: Information Discovery and Dissemination ed M Papadopouli (Boston, MA: Springer US)
A chapter in an edited book
Yusuf F, Martins J M and Swanson D A 2014 Elements of Demographic Analysis Methods of Demographic Analysis ed J M Martins and D A Swanson (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 59–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Semiconductors.

Blog post
Luntz S 2017 Blind Termites Tiptoe Past Watchful Ants IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1999 Direct Student Loans: Legality of Regulations Authorizing Origination Fee Reduction (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taboada-Peña R 2017 A Self-Empowering Holistic Art-Based Model Designed to Promote Emotional Well-Being, Coping Skills, and Self-Esteem in Youth Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) S K 2002 World Briefing | Europe: Estonia: New Prime Minister New York Times A7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Semiconductors
AbbreviationJ. Semicond.
ISSN (print)1674-4926
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles