How to format your references using the Journal of Semiconductors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Semiconductors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wan Z 2015 China’s scientific progress hinges on access to data Nature 520 587
A journal article with 2 authors
Ting A Y and Endy D 2002 Signal transduction. Decoding NF-kappaB signaling Science 298 1189–90
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugrue L P, Corrado G S and Newsome W T 2004 Matching behavior and the representation of value in the parietal cortex Science 304 1782–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Karcher R L, Roland J T, Zappacosta F, Huddleston M J, Annan R S, Carr S A and Gelfand V I 2001 Cell cycle regulation of myosin-V by calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II Science 293 1317–20

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agachi P Ş, Nagy Z K, Cristea M V and Imre-Lucaci Á 2006 Model Based Control (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Öztürk M, Ashraf M, Aksoy A, Ahmad M S A and Hakeem K R 2015 Plants, Pollutants and Remediation (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Shi H and Kurata Y 2010 Modeling Ontological Concepts of Locations with a Heterogeneous Cardinal Direction Model Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 4th International Conference, KSEM 2010, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, September 1-3, 2010. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed Y Bi and M-A Williams (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 4–15

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Semiconductors.

Blog post
Andrew D 2016 Each Part Of The Brain Has Its Own Rhythmic ‘Fingerprint’ IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990 Circumstances Surrounding the ASPJ Limited Production Decision (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burnley T 2012 Psychotherapist as Modern-Day Shaman Doctoral dissertation (Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Johnson G 2016 A Carnival of Consciousness New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Semiconductors
AbbreviationJ. Semicond.
ISSN (print)1674-4926
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles