How to format your references using the Journal of Semiconductors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Semiconductors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service R F 2000 CHEMISTRY: Crystals Branch Out Into Exotic Shapes Science 290 1875
A journal article with 2 authors
Price D J and Rosswog S 2006 Producing ultrastrong magnetic fields in neutron star mergers Science 312 719–22
A journal article with 3 authors
Feldon D F, Maher M A and Timmerman B E 2010 Graduate education. Performance-based data in the study of STEM Ph.D. education Science 329 282–3
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Zhang H-L, Zang Y, Xie J, Li J, Chen G-R, He X-P and Tian H 2014 A “clicked” tetrameric hydroxamic acid glycopeptidomimetic antagonizes sugar-lectin interactions on the cellular level Sci. Rep. 4 5513

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fryirs K A and Brierley G J 2012 Geomorphic Analysis of River Systems (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Krickeberg K 2012 Epidemiology: Key to Prevention ed V T Pham and T M H Pham (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Berezansky Y M and Pulemyotov A D 2008 Image of a Jacobi Field Recent Advances in Matrix and Operator Theory Operator Theory: Advances and Applications ed J A Ball, Y Eidelman, J W Helton, V Olshevsky and J Rovnyak (Basel: Birkhäuser) pp 47–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Semiconductors.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Scientists Grow First Contracting Human Muscle Tissue In Lab IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2003 Information Technology: Departmental Leadership Crucial to Success of Investment Reforms at Interior (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britigan D H 2009 Health information sources and health literacy levels of Latinos in a midwestern tri -state area Doctoral dissertation (Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M 2017 In Pursuit of Influence (and Muggers): Farrell’s 42 Years in Politics New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Semiconductors
AbbreviationJ. Semicond.
ISSN (print)1674-4926
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles