How to format your references using the Journal of Semiconductors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Semiconductors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M 2011 Genomics: Genomes in three dimensions Nature 470 289–94
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller T M and Cleveland D W 2005 Medicine. Treating neurodegenerative diseases with antibiotics Science 307 361–2
A journal article with 3 authors
Gu C, Jan Y N and Jan L Y 2003 A conserved domain in axonal targeting of Kv1 (Shaker) voltage-gated potassium channels Science 301 646–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ryan J V, Berry A D, Anderson M L, Long J W, Stroud R M, Cepak V M, Browning V M, Rolison D R and Merzbacher C I 2000 Electronic connection to the interior of a mesoporous insulator with nanowires of crystalline RuO2 Nature 406 169–72

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bouchet O 2012 Wireless Optical Communications (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Yang G-C, Ao S-I and Gelman L 2015 Transactions on Engineering Technologies: World Congress on Engineering 2014 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Li Z 2011 The Application of the Pseudo Random Bit Index Sequence in the Image Encryption Algorithm Advances in Computer Science, Intelligent System and Environment Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing ed D Jin and S Lin (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 19–24

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Semiconductors.

Blog post
Andrews R 2017 Can You Solve The Murder Mystery Of The Phantom Fire? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2015 School Nutrition: USDA Has Efforts Underway to Help Address Ongoing Challenges Implementing Changes in Nutrition Standards (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker M T 2009 Structure-property stress state dependent relationships under varying strain rates Doctoral dissertation (Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M 2010 Yoga’s Serious. Except When It’s Not New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Semiconductors
AbbreviationJ. Semicond.
ISSN (print)1674-4926
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles