How to format your references using the Neurochirurgie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurochirurgie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Schnabel J. Vaccines: chasing the dream. Nature 2011;475:S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Klagsbrun M, Moses MA. Obituary: M. Judah Folkman (1933-2008). Nature 2008;451:781.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kelber A, Balkenius A, Warrant EJ. Scotopic colour vision in nocturnal hawkmoths. Nature 2002;419:922–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Scopigno T, Ruocco G, Sette F, Monaco G. Is the fragility of a liquid embedded in the properties of its glass? Science 2003;302:849–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Yu J, Tao D. Modern Machine Learning Techniques and Their Applications in Cartoon Animation Research. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Gattringer C. Quantum Chromodynamics on the Lattice: An Introductory Presentation. vol. 788. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Croog VJ, Zelefsky MJ. Pathophysiology of Erectile Dysfunction Following Radiation Therapy. In: Mulhall JP, editor. Sexual Function in the Prostate Cancer Patient, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009, p. 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurochirurgie.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. ASU Origins Project Features The Great Debate of Parallel Realities. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/asu-origins-project-features-great-debate-parallel-realities/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Undergraduate Helicopter Pilot Training: Consolidation Could Yield Significant Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Hume DM. The reader as collaborator in Coleridge’s fragments “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”, “Christabel,” and “Kubla Khan”: Kindling “Native flames” rather than reflecting “Alien fires.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Look Back. New York Times 2015:C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurochirurgie
AbbreviationNeurochirurgie
ISSN (print)0028-3770
ScopeClinical Neurology
Surgery

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