How to format your references using the Neurochirurgie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurochirurgie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Schmidt-Kaler F. Quantum physics: feel the force. Nature 2014;510:349.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Zubavicus Y, Grunze M. Chemistry. New insights into the structure of water with ultrafast probes. Science 2004;304:974–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Schreiber RD, Old LJ, Smyth MJ. Cancer immunoediting: integrating immunity’s roles in cancer suppression and promotion. Science 2011;331:1565–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Koçer ZA, Fan Y, Huether R, Obenauer J, Webby RJ, Zhang J, et al. Survival analysis of infected mice reveals pathogenic variations in the genome of avian H1N1 viruses. Sci Rep 2014;4:7455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Diamond D. Trading as a Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Iliadis L, Maglogiannis I, Papadopoulos H, editors. Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: 10th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference, AIAI 2014, Rhodes, Greece, September 19-21, 2014. Proceedings. vol. 436. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
McComas WF. Advance Organizers. In: McComas WF, editor. The Language of Science Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Science Teaching and Learning, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014, p. 4–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurochirurgie.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Volcanic Eruptions Significantly Alter The Flow Of Rivers. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/volcanic-eruptions-significantly-alter-flow-rivers/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Taxpayer Information: Options Exist to Enable Data Sharing Between IRS and USCIS but Each Presents Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Walsh CT. Molecular Pharmacodynamics of Chemotherapy: Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) Inhibitors as Chemosensitizers. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rutenberg J, Steel E, Koblin J. Kisses and Fear for the Women From Fox News. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurochirurgie
AbbreviationNeurochirurgie
ISSN (print)0028-3770
ScopeClinical Neurology
Surgery

Other styles