How to format your references using the Organic Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Middelburg, J. J. Oceanography. Escape by Dilution. Science 2015, 348 (6232), 290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro, L.; Losick, R. Retrospective. Francois Jacob (1920-2013). Science 2013, 340 (6135), 939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carazo-Salas, R. E.; Antony, C.; Nurse, P. The Kinesin Klp2 Mediates Polarization of Interphase Microtubules in Fission Yeast. Science 2005, 309 (5732), 297–300.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Reimann, J.; Schlauderer, S.; Schmid, C. P.; Langer, F.; Baierl, S.; Kokh, K. A.; Tereshchenko, O. E.; Kimura, A.; Lange, C.; Güdde, J.; Höfer, U.; Huber, R. Subcycle Observation of Lightwave-Driven Dirac Currents in a Topological Surface Band. Nature 2018, 562 (7727), 396–400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lutzke, D. Surfen in Die Digitale Zukunft; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
Geweniger, V. Pilates − A Teachers’ Manual: Exercises with Mats and Equipment for Prevention and Rehabilitation; Bohlander, A., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Milovanovic, L. Medications Used in Interventional Radiology. In Demystifying Interventional Radiology: A Guide for Medical Students; Athreya, S., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 21–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Life Could Be Possible On Sideways Exoplanet If It Has Oceans. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. K-12 Education: Most Eighth Grade Students Are Not Proficient in Geography; GAO-16-7; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nunn, T. N. A Puer–Senex Archetypal Model of the Therapeutic Relationship. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. Scones Upon Scones, Sold at the Shore. New York Times. August 16, 2009, p NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic Letters
AbbreviationOrg. Lett.
ISSN (print)1523-7060
ISSN (online)1523-7052
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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