How to format your references using the Organic Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, J. M. Paleontology. A Different Kind of Croc. Science 2006, 311 (5757), 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Odegaard, J. I.; Chawla, A. Pleiotropic Actions of Insulin Resistance and Inflammation in Metabolic Homeostasis. Science 2013, 339 (6116), 172–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Román-Leshkov, Y.; Chheda, J. N.; Dumesic, J. A. Phase Modifiers Promote Efficient Production of Hydroxymethylfurfural from Fructose. Science 2006, 312 (5782), 1933–1937.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Parker, H. G.; Kim, L. V.; Sutter, N. B.; Carlson, S.; Lorentzen, T. D.; Malek, T. B.; Johnson, G. S.; DeFrance, H. B.; Ostrander, E. A.; Kruglyak, L. Genetic Structure of the Purebred Domestic Dog. Science 2004, 304 (5674), 1160–1164.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boyd, R. K.; Basic, C.; Bethem, R. A. Trace Quantitative Analysis by Mass Spectrometry; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2008.
An edited book
Management Intelligent Systems: First International Symposium; Casillas, J., Martínez-López, F. J., Corchado Rodríguez, J. M., Eds.; Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 171.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, K. A.; Simpson, E. R. Therapy Aimed at Breaking the Linkage Between Obesity and Breast Cancer. In Obesity and Breast Cancer: The Role of Dysregulated Estrogen Metabolism; Simpson, E. R., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2014; pp 37–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic Letters.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Smackdown! Venomous Fish Deal Drugs On Coral Reefs. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Magnet Schools: Information on the Grant Award Process; HRD-88-20BR; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayer, E. W. An N-Gram Enhanced Learning Classifier for Chinese Character Recognition. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. From Misfit With Blog To Author With Deal. New York Times. May 6, 2012, p A31B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic Letters
AbbreviationOrg. Lett.
ISSN (print)1523-7060
ISSN (online)1523-7052
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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