How to format your references using the Organic Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, S. C. ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: In Search of Einstein’s Genius. Science 2000, 289 (5484), 1477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yeomans, D. K.; Veverka, J. Obituary: Fred Lawrence Whipple (1906-2004). Nature 2004, 432 (7013), 31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cram, D. S.; Song, B.; Trounson, A. O. Genotyping of Rhesus SCNT Pluripotent Stem Cell Lines. Nature 2007, 450 (7169), E12-4.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Johnston, W. K.; Unrau, P. J.; Lawrence, M. S.; Glasner, M. E.; Bartel, D. P. RNA-Catalyzed RNA Polymerization: Accurate and General RNA-Templated Primer Extension. Science 2001, 292 (5520), 1319–1325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S. M. Cost Reduction Analysis; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Automated Scheduling and Planning: From Theory to Practice; Uyar, A. S., Ozcan, E., Urquhart, N., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 505.
A chapter in an edited book
Klein, G. H. Linking the Person-Centered Approach to the Arts: Person-Centered Expressive Arts Therapy and Empowerment. In Interdisciplinary Applications of the Person-Centered Approach; Cornelius-White, J. H. D., Motschnig-Pitrik, R., Lux, M., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp 49–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic Letters.

Blog post
Fang, J. Invasive Pythons Feast on Radiotracked Rabbits (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments; AA-95-17(4); U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matsuda, T. Computational Proposal for Locating Local Defects in Superconducting Tapes. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. Bolshoi Ballet Told to Rehire The Ballerina It Dismissed. New York Times. November 27, 2003, p E10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic Letters
AbbreviationOrg. Lett.
ISSN (print)1523-7060
ISSN (online)1523-7052
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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