How to format your references using the Organic Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wentworth, P., Jr. Tech.Sight. Antibody Design by Man and Nature. Science 2002, 296 (5576), 2247–2249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Retchless, A. C.; Lawrence, J. G. Temporal Fragmentation of Speciation in Bacteria. Science 2007, 317 (5841), 1093–1096.
A journal article with 3 authors
Malakoff, D.; Yeston, J.; Smith, J. Getting Better to Get Bigger. Science 2010, 329 (5993), 779.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bates, M.; Huang, B.; Dempsey, G. T.; Zhuang, X. Multicolor Super-Resolution Imaging with Photo-Switchable Fluorescent Probes. Science 2007, 317 (5845), 1749–1753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manasreh, O. Introduction to Nanomaterials and Devices; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
GIS for Health and the Environment: Development in the Asia-Pacific Region With 110 Figures; Lai, P. C., Mak, A. S. H., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Marinč, M.; Vlahu, R. Systemic Crises. In The Economics of Bank Bankruptcy Law; Vlahu, R., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp 65–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic Letters.

Blog post
Davis, J. Global Coral Bleaching Event Declared (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Evidence Is Insufficient To Support the Administration’s Proposed Changes to AFDC Work Programs; HRD-85-92; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Childers, J. W. Evaluating Parental Opinions of Healthy Snack Guidelines for Youth Soccer. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M.; Walsh, M. W. Governor of Puerto Rico Warns of Looming Default Without Bankruptcy Plan. New York Times. December 17, 2015, p B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic Letters
AbbreviationOrg. Lett.
ISSN (print)1523-7060
ISSN (online)1523-7052
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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