How to format your references using the Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young OR (2011) Governance: A peaceful Arctic. Nature 478:180–181
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaidos EJ, Nimmo F (2000) Tectonics and water on Europa. Nature 405:637
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang P-Y, Weng J, Anderson RGW (2005) OSBP is a cholesterol-regulated scaffolding protein in control of ERK 1/2 activation. Science 307:1472–1476
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhu J-X, Wen X-D, Haraldsen JT, et al (2014) Induced ferromagnetism at BiFeO3/YBa2Cu3O7 interfaces. Sci Rep 4:5368

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radwanska M, Stankiewicz A, Wosatko A, Pamin J (2017) Plate and Shell Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Nóbrega C, Rodriguez-López R (eds) (2014) Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning the Development of Obesity. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Uesugi M (2013) Small Molecule Tools for Cell Biology and Cell Therapy. In: Shibasaki M, Iino M, Osada H (eds) Chembiomolecular Science: At the Frontier of Chemistry and Biology. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 51–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Scientists Investigate A Popular Theory On The Origin Of Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Information Resources: HCFA Must Better Justify Further Data Center Expansion. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cook EJ (2013) Older Americans Act of 1965, Title III: A policy analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Imperfections. New York Times C9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Young 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gaidos and Nimmo 2000; Young 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaidos and Nimmo 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
ISSN (online)2191-2858

Other styles