How to format your references using the Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen PA (2008) From landscapes into geological history. Nature 451:274–276
A journal article with 2 authors
Peters SE, Foote M (2002) Determinants of extinction in the fossil record. Nature 416:420–424
A journal article with 3 authors
Burns PC, Ewing RC, Navrotsky A (2012) Nuclear fuel in a reactor accident. Science 335:1184–1188
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Percec I, Plenge RM, Nadeau JH, et al (2002) Autosomal dominant mutations affecting X inactivation choice in the mouse. Science 296:1136–1139

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1999) Guidelines for Process Safety in Batch Reaction Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Teufel S (2009) Bohmian Mechanics: The Physics and Mathematics of Quantum Theory. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Khutsishvili K (2016) Across the Enguri Border: Lives Connected and Separated by the Borderland Between Georgia and Abkhazia. In: Bringa T, Toje H (eds) Eurasian Borderlands: Spatializing Borders in the Aftermath of State Collapse. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 107–131

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) The Wow! Signal Sorted? Not So Fast! In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Early Childhood Programs: Multiple Programs and Overlapping Target Groups. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young WB (2017) First-Generation Undergraduate Researchers: Engaging and Validating Cultural Wealth-Based Self-Authors. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2013) MetLife Will Repatriate an Offshore Reinsurance Unit to Mollify Regulators. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Peters and Foote 2002; Allen 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peters and Foote 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Percec et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
ISSN (online)2191-2858

Other styles