How to format your references using the Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spudis PD (2001) Planetary science. What is the Moon made of? Science 293:1779–1781
A journal article with 2 authors
Sotomayor M, Schulten K (2007) Single-molecule experiments in vitro and in silico. Science 316:1144–1148
A journal article with 3 authors
Salvadori MR, Nascimento CAO, Corrêa B (2014) Nickel oxide nanoparticles film produced by dead biomass of filamentous fungus. Sci Rep 4:6404
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wakim LM, Waithman J, van Rooijen N, et al (2008) Dendritic cell-induced memory T cell activation in nonlymphoid tissues. Science 319:198–202

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gwynne A (2013) Guide to Building Control. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Öztürk M, Ashraf M, Aksoy A, et al (eds) (2015) Plants, Pollutants and Remediation, 1st ed. 2015. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Kreinovich V, Nguyen HT, Ouncharoen R (2015) From Mean and Median Income to the Most Adequate Way of Taking Inequality into Account. In: Huynh V-N, Kreinovich V, Sriboonchitta S, Suriya K (eds) Econometrics of Risk. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Scientists Discover Enormous Cretaceous-Era Shark. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Motor Carrier Safety: Improvements to Data-Driven Oversight Could Better Target High Risk Carriers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanza KM (2008) The antecedents of automotive brand loyalty and repurchase intentions. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Says He’s Not Leaning Left but Taking a New “Third Way.” New York Times 17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spudis 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Spudis 2001; Sotomayor and Schulten 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sotomayor and Schulten 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wakim et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
ISSN (online)2191-2858

Other styles