How to format your references using the Organic Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz D (2010) Double trouble? To throw cash at science is a mistake. Nature 468:135
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianco P, Robey PG (2001) Stem cells in tissue engineering. Nature 414:118–121
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee K, Zhang Y, Lee SE (2008) Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATM orthologue suppresses break-induced chromosome translocations. Nature 454:543–546
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sui H, Han BG, Lee JK, et al (2001) Structural basis of water-specific transport through the AQP1 water channel. Nature 414:872–878

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norwitz ER, Belfort MA, Saade GR, Miller H (2010) Obstetric Clinical Algorithms: Management and Evidence. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Hüllermeier E, Kruse R, Hoffmann F (eds) (2010) Computational Intelligence for Knowledge-Based Systems Design: 13th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty, IPMU 2010, Dortmund, Germany, June 28 - July 2, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Marcus DA, Bain PA (2009) Acute Treatment Options for the Pregnant Headache Patient. In: Marcus D (ed) Effective Migraine Treatment in Pregnant and Lactating Women: A Practical Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 71–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic Agriculture.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Scientists Identify Brain Circuit Involved In Social Interaction. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-identify-brain-circuit-involved-social-interaction/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Public Transit: Observations on Recent Changes to the Capital Investment Grant Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett AL (2019) An Empirical Longitudinal Analysis of Agile Methodologies and Firm Financial Performance. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory Mankiw N (2016) A Better Way to Grade Presidents. New York Times BU5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bianco and Robey 2001; Sarewitz 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bianco and Robey 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sui et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic Agriculture
ISSN (print)1879-4238
ISSN (online)1879-4246
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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