How to format your references using the Organic Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mignan A (2014) The debate on the prognostic value of earthquake foreshocks: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep 4:4099
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson H, Tucker AS (2013) Dual origin of the epithelium of the mammalian middle ear. Science 339:1453–1456
A journal article with 3 authors
Schuch R, Nelson D, Fischetti VA (2002) A bacteriolytic agent that detects and kills Bacillus anthracis. Nature 418:884–889
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mishchenko MI, Geogdzhayev IV, Rossow WB, et al (2007) Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend. Science 315:1543

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Botsai E, Kaneshiro C, Cuccia P, Pajo H (2010) The Architect’s Guide to Preventing Water Infiltration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Archer MS (ed) (2016) Morphogenesis and the Crisis of Normativity. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Newland MC (2012) Methylmercury and Fish Nutrients in Experimental Models. In: Ceccatelli S, Aschner M (eds) Methylmercury and Neurotoxicity. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 55–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic Agriculture.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Measurable Hallucinations Induced For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) NASA: Lack of Disciplined Cost-Estimating Processes Hinders Effective Program Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robert LA (2015) The impact of community-based mentoring on African American boys using an attribution-retraining curriculum. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2017) The City Awakens. New York Times MB7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mignan 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Thompson and Tucker 2013; Mignan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Tucker 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Mishchenko et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic Agriculture
ISSN (print)1879-4238
ISSN (online)1879-4246
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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