How to format your references using the Organic Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scully T (2012) Demography: To the limit. Nature 492:S2-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Milinski M, Rockenbach B (2007) Economics. Spying on others evolves. Science 317:464–465
A journal article with 3 authors
McGuire SE, Le PT, Davis RL (2001) The role of Drosophila mushroom body signaling in olfactory memory. Science 293:1330–1333
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu Z, Sun X, Sullivan SG, Detels R (2006) Public health. HIV testing in China. Science 312:1475–1476

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bar-Eli M, Plessner H, Raab M (2011) Judgement, Decision Making and Success in Sport. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Pant M, Deep K, Nagar A, Bansal JC (eds) (2014) Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2013, Volume 1. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Joseph MS, M.a A, G.a R, et al (2010) Navigation and Position Control of Underwater Vehicle ROSUB 6000. In: Vadakkepat P, Kim J-H, Jesse N, et al. (eds) Trends in Intelligent Robotics: 13th FIRA Robot World Congress, FIRA 2010, Bangalore, India, September 15-17, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 25–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic Agriculture.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Zika Warnings May Lead To Increase In Back-Alley Abortions In Latin America, Experts Fear. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Safe Routes to School: Progress in Implementing the Program, but a Comprehensive Plan to Evaluate Program Outcomes Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diaz D (2015) A discrete hollow—Los Angeles. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J (2017) Turning His Back on Football. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scully 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Milinski and Rockenbach 2007; Scully 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milinski and Rockenbach 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic Agriculture
ISSN (print)1879-4238
ISSN (online)1879-4246
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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