How to format your references using the Organic Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alberts B (2004) A wake-up call. Nature 431:1041
A journal article with 2 authors
Affolter M, Basler K (2011) Cell biology. Cytonemes show their colors. Science 332:312–313
A journal article with 3 authors
Mason N, Biercuk MJ, Marcus CM (2004) Local gate control of a carbon nanotube double quantum dot. Science 303:655–658
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Oberdoerffer S, Moita LF, Neems D, et al (2008) Regulation of CD45 alternative splicing by heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein, hnRNPLL. Science 321:686–691

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karr R (2009) Lead, Sell, or Get Out of the Way. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ussery DW, Wassenaar TM, Borini S (eds) (2009) Computing for Comparative Microbial Genomics: Bioinformatics for Microbiologists. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Akgün T, Gevrekci M (2013) Accelerating Super-Resolution Reconstruction Using GPU by CUDA. In: Nagamalai D, Kumar A, Annamalai A (eds) Advances in Computational Science, Engineering and Information Technology: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computational Science, Engineering and Information Technology (CCSEIT-2013), KTO Karatay University, June 7-9, 2013, Konya,Turkey - Volume 1. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp 47–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic Agriculture.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) NASA: Streaks Of Salt On Mars Mean Flowing Water, And Raise New Hopes Of Finding Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Special Education: Clearer Guidance Would Enhance Implementation of Federal Disciplinary Provisions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell BD (2009) An ethnographic case study of teachers who are alumni of the private day school for boys in which they teach. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2013) ‘Dark Knight Returns’ Cover Art Goes for Sale. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alberts 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Alberts 2004; Affolter and Basler 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Affolter and Basler 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Oberdoerffer et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic Agriculture
ISSN (print)1879-4238
ISSN (online)1879-4246
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles