How to format your references using the Journal of Autoimmunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Autoimmunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Weissman, Planetary science: Sink holes and dust jets on comet 67P, Nature. 523 (2015) 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Boehm, F. Slack, A developmental timing microRNA and its target regulate life span in C. elegans, Science. 310 (2005) 1954–1957.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Domínguez-García, S. Pigolotti, M.A. Muñoz, Inherent directionality explains the lack of feedback loops in empirical networks, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7497.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Dong, X. Wei, F. Zhang, J. Hao, F. Huang, C. Zhang, W. Liang, A dual character of flavonoids in influenza A virus replication and spread through modulating cell-autonomous immunity by MAPK signaling pathways, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.D. Silk, J.W. Lintott, Managing Foundations and Charitable Trusts, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
S. Albeverio, SPDE in Hydrodynamic: Recent Progress and Prospects: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy August 29–September 3, 2005, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Perumal, Identity, Identification and Sociolinguistic Practices, in: C. Roux (Ed.), Safe Spaces: Human Rights Education in Diverse Contexts, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2012: pp. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Autoimmunity.

Blog post
K. Evans, Ground Squirrels Use The Sun To Hide Their Food Stash, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA Procurement: Planning for Pilot Test of New Procurement Procedures Is Adequate, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.C. Hilton, Case study on organic farming as a sustainable solution for African-American farmers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Top General In Chechnya Is Fired, New York Times. (2002) A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Autoimmunity
AbbreviationJ. Autoimmun.
ISSN (print)0896-8411
Immunology and Allergy

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