How to format your references using the Annual Review of Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife C. 2000. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY: Language Affects Sound Perception. Science. 290(5499):2051b–52
A journal article with 2 authors
Benedito R, Adams RH. 2009. Development. Aorta’s cardinal secret. Science. 326(5950):242–43
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuwamura T, Kadota T, Suzuki S. 2014. Testing the low-density hypothesis for reversed sex change in polygynous fish: experiments in Labroides dimidiatus. Sci. Rep. 4:4369
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Matsumoto K, Yoshitomi H, Rossant J, Zaret KS. 2001. Liver organogenesis promoted by endothelial cells prior to vascular function. Science. 294(5542):559–63

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abner DJ. 2010. The ETF Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Biesta G, De Bie M, Wildemeersch D, eds. 2014. Civic Learning, Democratic Citizenship and the Public Sphere. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XX, 214 p. 1 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Chue S, Tan KCD. 2012. Multimodality in Problem Solving. In Issues and Challenges in Science Education Research: Moving Forward, ed KCD Tan, M Kim, pp. 55–71. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Genetics.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. IBM Watson set to battle brain cancers. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. AA-97-13(2), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mack DL. 2017. The Cost of Credit: Protecting Consumers in a Regulated Fringe Credit Market. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. 2017. A Historic Home Burns, and Suspicions Spread. New York Times, Feb. 8, p. A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 5, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Genetics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Genet.
ISSN (print)0066-4197
ISSN (online)1545-2948

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