How to format your references using the Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dajani R. The Arab Spring offers hope but no quick fix. Nature. 2011;477(7362):7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gosciniak J, Tan DTH. Theoretical investigation of graphene-based photonic modulators. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1897.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bishop JKB, Davis RE, Sherman JT. Robotic observations of dust storm enhancement of carbon biomass in the North Pacific. Science. 2002;298(5594):817-821.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Beck RD, Maroni P, Papageorgopoulos DC, Dang TT, Schmid MP, Rizzo TR. Vibrational mode-specific reaction of methane on a nickel surface. Science. 2003;302(5642):98-100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rezg N, Dellagi S, Khatab A. Joint Optimization of Maintenance and Production Policies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Zhang L, ed. Nonclinical Statistics for Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industries. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Haberdar H, Albayrak S. A Two-Stage Visual Turkish Sign Language Recognition System Based on Global and Local Features. In: Esposito F, Raś ZW, Malerba D, Semeraro G, eds. Foundations of Intelligent Systems: 16th International Symposium, ISMIS 2006, Bari, Italy, September 27-29, 2006. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2006:29-37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Take A Trip With NASA’s Travel Posters For The New TRAPPIST-1 Exoplanets. IFLScience. Published February 24, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/take-a-trip-with-nasas-travel-posters-for-the-new-trappist1-exoplanets/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Changing Requirements, Technical Issues, and Looming Data Gaps Require Focused Attention. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Estep KL. Outreach Communication by Grassroots Environmental Organizations: A Case Study. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO. Friday File. New York Times. June 26, 2015:C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
AbbreviationOral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol. Oral Radiol.
ISSN (print)2212-4403
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Surgery
Dentistry (miscellaneous)
Oral Surgery

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