How to format your references using the Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christian CE. Consequences of a biological invasion reveal the importance of mutualism for plant communities. Nature. 2001;413(6856):635-639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rushton MJD, Chroneos A. Impact of uniaxial strain and doping on oxygen diffusion in CeO2. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6068.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melchor RN, De Valais S, Genise JF. Bird-like fossil footprints from the Late Triassic. Nature. 2002;417(6892):936-938.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou J-J, Feng W, Zhang Y, Yang SA, Yao Y. Engineering topological surface states and giant Rashba spin splitting in BiTeI/Bi2Te3 heterostructures. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zepernick H-J, Finger A. Pseudo Random Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons Ltd,.; 2005.
An edited book
Ansari N. Media Access Control and Resource Allocation: For Next Generation Passive Optical Networks. (Zhang J, ed.). Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Parrochia D, Neuville P. Algebra of Trees. In: Neuville P, ed. Towards a General Theory of Classifications. Springer; 2013:93-124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology.

Blog post
Taub B. There’s A Gene That Reverses Cellular Aging, And Now We Know How. IFLScience. Published July 26, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Pell Grant Validation Imposes Some Costs and Does Not Greatly Reduce Award Errors: New Strategies Are Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Russo DA. Cancer: Modeling the distribution of sizes of detectable metastases. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. L.I.R.R. Safety Campaign Under Way. New York Times. August 12, 2007:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
AbbreviationOral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol. Oral Radiol.
ISSN (print)2212-4403
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Dentistry (miscellaneous)
Oral Surgery

Other styles