How to format your references using the Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Benford G. Obituary: Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008). Nature. 2008;452(7187):546.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pelton JN, Logsdon J. Retrospective. Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008). Science. 2008;320(5873):189.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Raviv U, Laurat P, Klein J. Fluidity of water confined to subnanometre films. Nature. 2001;413(6851):51-54.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mäder P, Fliessbach A, Dubois D, Gunst L, Fried P, Niggli U. Soil fertility and biodiversity in organic farming. Science. 2002;296(5573):1694-1697.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schorn C, Taylor B. NMR Spectroscopy: Data Acquisition. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Chaudhry A. Analysis of Excitation and Ionization of Atoms and Molecules by Electron Impact. Vol 60. (Kleinpoppen H, ed.). New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Richardson A. From Troubled Marriage to Uneasy Colocation: Thomas Kuhn, Epistemological Revolutions, Romantic Narratives, and History and Philosophy of Science. In: Devlin WJ, Bokulich A, eds. Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions - 50 Years On. Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:39-50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Nanoparticles Deliver Three Cancer Drugs at Once. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/nanoparticles-deliver-three-cancer-drugs-once/. Published April 15, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. ASCS Needs Better Information To Adequately Assess Proposed County and State Office Automation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Duggimpudi MB. Object Ranking Algorithms for Improved Decision Making. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B, Saad H. Dozens Killed As Blast Hits Bus Convoy In Syria. New York Times. April 15, 2017:A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
AbbreviationOral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol. Oral Radiol.
ISSN (print)2212-4403
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Surgery
Dentistry (miscellaneous)
Oral Surgery

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