How to format your references using the International Journal of Primatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Primatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berger, S. L. (2007). The complex language of chromatin regulation during transcription. Nature, 447(7143), 407–412.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diaz, R. E., & Sebastian, T. (2013). Electromagnetic limits to radiofrequency (RF) neuronal telemetry. Scientific reports, 3, 3535.
A journal article with 3 authors
French, S., Lekic, V., & Romanowicz, B. (2013). Waveform tomography reveals channeled flow at the base of the oceanic asthenosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6155), 227–230.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hori, M., Shibuya, K., Sato, M., & Saito, Y. (2014). Lethal effects of short-wavelength visible light on insects. Scientific reports, 4, 7383.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Müller, G., & Ponick, B. (2005). Grundlagen elektrischer Maschinen. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hota, C., & Srimani, P. K. (Eds.). (2013). Distributed Computing and Internet Technology: 9th International Conference, ICDCIT 2013, Bhubaneswar, India, February 5-8, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7753). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Oue, H., & Limin, S. G. (2016). Local-Level Water Conservation Assessment in the Upstream Watershed Based on Land-Use Scenarios. In K. Nakagami, J. Kubota, & B. I. Setiawan (Eds.), Sustainable Water Management: New Perspectives, Design, and Practices (pp. 53–64). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Primatology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 12). 500-Million-Year-Old Fish Had First Signs of Jaws. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-98-13(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adrian, D. E. (2009). School scheduling models and the achievement of at-risk students: A causal-comparative study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Logan, L. (2013, April 26). Selfless. New York Times, p. MM54.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berger 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Berger 2007; Diaz and Sebastian 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diaz and Sebastian 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hori et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Primatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Primatol.
ISSN (print)0164-0291
ISSN (online)1573-8604
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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