How to format your references using the International Journal of Primatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Primatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schluter, D. (2009). Evidence for ecological speciation and its alternative. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5915), 737–741.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lumpkin, E. A., & Caterina, M. J. (2007). Mechanisms of sensory transduction in the skin. Nature, 445(7130), 858–865.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maurer, S. M., Hugenholtz, P. B., & Onsrud, H. J. (2001). Intellectual property. Europe’s database experiment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5543), 789–790.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Voyles, P. M., Muller, D. A., Grazul, J. L., Citrin, P. H., & Gossmann, H.-J. L. (2002). Atomic-scale imaging of individual dopant atoms and clusters in highly n-type bulk Si. Nature, 416(6883), 826–829.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratliff, T. A. (2005). The Laboratory Quality Assurance System. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pham, H. (Ed.). (2006). Springer Handbook of Engineering Statistics. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Muller, J.-M., Brisebarre, N., de Dinechin, F., Jeannerod, C.-P., Lefèvre, V., Melquiond, G., et al. (2010). The Fused Multiply-Add Instruction. In N. Brisebarre, F. de Dinechin, C.-P. Jeannerod, V. Lefèvre, G. Melquiond, N. Revol, et al. (Eds.), Handbook of Floating-Point Arithmetic (pp. 151–179). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Primatology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 5). People Living Near Busy Roads Found To Have Higher Rates Of Dementia. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Information Technology: Federal Agencies Need to Strengthen Investment Board Oversight of Poorly Planned and Performing Projects (No. GAO-09-566). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, M. (2017). Home Range and Habitat Use of Juvenile Green Turtles in a Shallow Tidal Environment (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, June 5). Crossing to Grief’s Other Side. New York Times, p. C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schluter 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lumpkin and Caterina 2007; Schluter 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lumpkin and Caterina 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Voyles et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Primatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Primatol.
ISSN (print)0164-0291
ISSN (online)1573-8604
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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