How to format your references using the International Journal of Primatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Primatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simpson, R. W. (2000). SEISMOLOGY: Watching the Hayward Fault. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5482), 1147–1148.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, K., & Rathod, P. K. (2002). Divergent regulation of dihydrofolate reductase between malaria parasite and human host. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), 545–547.
A journal article with 3 authors
AbdAlla, S., Lother, H., & Quitterer, U. (2000). AT1-receptor heterodimers show enhanced G-protein activation and altered receptor sequestration. Nature, 407(6800), 94–98.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Offerman, S. E., van Dijk, N. H., Sietsma, J., Grigull, S., Lauridsen, E. M., Margulies, L., et al. (2002). Grain nucleation and growth during phase transformations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5595), 1003–1005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tunley, M., Whittaker, A., Gee, J., & Button, M. (2015). The Accredited Counter Fraud Specialist Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pederzoli, P., & Bassi, C. (Eds.). (2013). Uncommon Pancreatic Neoplasms: In collaboration with Massimo Falconi, Roberto Salvia and Giovanni Butturini. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Patti, R. (2011). Homogeneous 3D Integration. In A. Papanikolaou, D. Soudris, & R. Radojcic (Eds.), Three Dimensional System Integration: IC Stacking Process and Design (pp. 51–71). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Primatology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 23). New Single-Dose Malaria Treatment Could Eventually Help Millions. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Review of a Contract for Mobile Radio Sets for the Army (No. PSAD-77-163). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, K. C. (2017). CPA Perceptions of Human Skills for Professional Competency Development Needs (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Packer, G. (2009, October 18). Heart of the Matter. New York Times, p. BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simpson 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Simpson 2000; Zhang and Rathod 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Rathod 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Offerman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Primatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Primatol.
ISSN (print)0164-0291
ISSN (online)1573-8604
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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