How to format your references using the International Journal of Primatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Primatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nurse, P. (2004). Wee beasties. Nature, 432(7017), 557.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teh, O.-K., & Moore, I. (2007). An ARF-GEF acting at the Golgi and in selective endocytosis in polarized plant cells. Nature, 448(7152), 493–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hassan, M. A., Mahmoodian, R., & Hamdi, M. (2014). Modified smoothed particle hydrodynamics (MSPH) for the analysis of centrifugally assisted TiC-Fe-Al2O3 combustion synthesis. Scientific reports, 4, 3724.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Malausa, T., Bethenod, M.-T., Bontemps, A., Bourguet, D., Cornuet, J.-M., & Ponsard, S. (2005). Assortative mating in sympatric host races of the European corn borer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5719), 258–260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kubicek, C. P. (2012). Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Margesin, R. (2005). Monitoring and Assessing Soil Bioremediation. (F. Schinner, Ed.) (Vol. 5). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kawano, T., Iwama, N., Ishihata, H., Shimauchi, H., & Shimomura, M. (2012). Preparation and Biomedical Application of Self-Organized Honeycomb-Patterned Polymer Films. In K. Sasaki, O. Suzuki, & N. Takahashi (Eds.), Interface Oral Health Science 2011 (pp. 22–26). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Primatology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, April 8). Why Are Humans So Afraid Of Spiders? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Implementation of Section 203, Public Law 91-441, on Payments for Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs (No. B-167034). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKinney, R. W. (2017). The Optimal Balance of Liberal Education and Career Readiness in the Context of the American Promise: A Critical Analysis of the American Association of Colleges and Universities Liberal Education and America’s Promise Challenge (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. (2017, September 26). A Piece of Obama’s Life, Post-Presidency: Sandwiches and Speeches. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nurse 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Nurse 2004; Teh and Moore 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teh and Moore 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Malausa et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Primatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Primatol.
ISSN (print)0164-0291
ISSN (online)1573-8604
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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