How to format your references using the European Journal of Mechanics / A Solids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Mechanics / A Solids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angrist, M., 2013. Genetic privacy needs a more nuanced approach. Nature 494, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Al Khawaja, U., Stoof, H., 2001. Skyrmions in a ferromagnetic Bose-Einstein condensate. Nature 411, 918–920.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, D., Kim, M., Cho, K.-H., 2014. A design principle underlying the paradoxical roles of E3 ubiquitin ligases. Sci. Rep. 4, 5573.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, L.-Q., Hou, B.-H., Lalonde, S., Takanaga, H., Hartung, M.L., Qu, X.-Q., Guo, W.-J., Kim, J.-G., Underwood, W., Chaudhuri, B., Chermak, D., Antony, G., White, F.F., Somerville, S.C., Mudgett, M.B., Frommer, W.B., 2010. Sugar transporters for intercellular exchange and nutrition of pathogens. Nature 468, 527–532.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jazar, R.N., 2011. Advanced Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lee, S.-G., Peng, Z., Zhou, X., Moon, Y.-S., Unland, R., Yoo, J. (Eds.), 2012. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 17th International Conference, DASFAA 2012, Busan, South Korea, April 15-19, 2012, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Suoranta, S., Andrade, A., Aura, T., 2012. Strong Authentication with Mobile Phone, in: Gollmann, D., Freiling, F.C. (Eds.), Information Security: 15th International Conference, ISC 2012, Passau, Germany, September 19-21, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 70–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Mechanics / A Solids.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Watch The Moment A Great White Shark Jumped Into A Cage With A Diver [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Performance Management and Strengthen Oversight of the High-Cost Program (No. GAO-08-633). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naqvi, S.Z., 2017. Around the world in 15 bites: Applied perspectives on learning about food (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Moore, K.A., 2007. Take Al Qaeda to Court. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angrist, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Al Khawaja and Stoof, 2001; Angrist, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Al Khawaja and Stoof, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Mechanics / A Solids
AbbreviationEur. J. Mech. A Solids
ISSN (print)0997-7538
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles