How to format your references using the European Journal of Mechanics / A Solids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Mechanics / A Solids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoffmann, J.A., 2003. The immune response of Drosophila. Nature 426, 33–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, D.W., Wallace, J.M., 2001. Regional climate impacts of the Northern Hemisphere annular mode. Science 293, 85–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tellinghuisen, T.L., Marcotrigiano, J., Rice, C.M., 2005. Structure of the zinc-binding domain of an essential component of the hepatitis C virus replicase. Nature 435, 374–379.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huan, J., Wan, K., Liu, Y., Dong, W., Wang, G., 2013. Removing PCR for the elimination of undesired DNA fragments cycle by cycle. Sci. Rep. 3, 2303.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bi, J., 2015. Sensory Discrimination Tests and Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lei, L., 2015. Stochastic Petri Nets for Wireless Networks, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Comazzi, S., 2011. Oxidative Stress in Diabetes Mellitus, in: Mandelker, L., Vajdovich, P. (Eds.), Studies on Veterinary Medicine, Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 77–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Mechanics / A Solids.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Swaddling May Increase Risk Of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, According To Study [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Attack Warning: ADP and Communication Modernization Programs for Warning and Assessment (No. IMTEC-87-23FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Broussard, J., 2014. An Analysis of Corporal Punishment Practices in the State of Georgia (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, N., 2011. Black-and-White Struggle With a Rosy Glow. New York Times AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoffmann, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hoffmann, 2003; Thompson and Wallace, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Wallace, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Huan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Mechanics / A Solids
AbbreviationEur. J. Mech. A Solids
ISSN (print)0997-7538
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles