How to format your references using the European Journal of Mechanics / A Solids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Mechanics / A Solids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liu, M.C., 2004. Substructure in the circumstellar disk around the young star AU Microscopii. Science 305, 1442–1444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palleroni, A., Hauser, M., 2003. Experience-dependent plasticity for auditory processing in a raptor. Science 299, 1195.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka, G., Urabe, C., Aihara, K., 2014. Random and targeted interventions for epidemic control in metapopulation models. Sci. Rep. 4, 5522.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koussevitzky, S., Nott, A., Mockler, T.C., Hong, F., Sachetto-Martins, G., Surpin, M., Lim, J., Mittler, R., Chory, J., 2007. Signals from chloroplasts converge to regulate nuclear gene expression. Science 316, 715–719.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bradley, D., 2015. Managing Minor Musculoskeletal Injuries and Conditions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Guzzo, T.J., Drach, G.W., Wein, A.J. (Eds.), 2013. Primer of Geriatric Urology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Usher, R., Edwards, R., 2007. The Language Games of Lifelong Learning, in: Edwards, R. (Ed.), Lifelong Learning – Signs, Discourses, Practices, Lifelong Learning Book Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Mechanics / A Solids.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Use Cutting-Edge Imaging Technique To Read Burnt Magna Carta For First Time In 280 Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Army Transportation: Alleged Overcharges on Rail Shipments to and From Ft. Irwin, California (No. NSIAD-88-174). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Royalty, A.R., 2015. U.S. Military Advisors in Iraq: A Phenomenological Research Study on the Role of National Culture on Tactical Decision-making during Wartime (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., Yaccino, S., 2013. In Embattled Detroit, No Talk of Sharing Pain Between Retirees and Bondholders. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liu, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Liu, 2004; Palleroni and Hauser, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palleroni and Hauser, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Koussevitzky et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Mechanics / A Solids
AbbreviationEur. J. Mech. A Solids
ISSN (print)0997-7538
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles