How to format your references using the Optical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Optical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubinsztein, D.C.: Cell biology: Receptors for selective recycling. Nature. 522, 291–292 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Smit, B., Maesen, T.L.M.: Towards a molecular understanding of shape selectivity. Nature. 451, 671–678 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Grzybowski, B.A., Stone, H.A., Whitesides, G.M.: Dynamic self-assembly of magnetized, millimetre-sized objects rotating at a liquid-air interface. Nature. 405, 1033–1036 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kiger, A.A., Jones, D.L., Schulz, C., Rogers, M.B., Fuller, M.T.: Stem cell self-renewal specified by JAK-STAT activation in response to a support cell cue. Science. 294, 2542–2545 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kieser, J., Taylor, M., Carr, D.: Forensic Biomechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2012)
An edited book
Barreira, L.: Dynamical Systems: An Introduction. Springer, London (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Dawson, P.A.: Role of the Intestinal Bile Acid Transporters in Bile Acid and Drug Disposition. In: Fromm, M.F. and Kim, R.B. (eds.) Drug Transporters. pp. 169–203. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Optical Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Want More Innovation? Try Connecting The Dots Between Engineering And Humanities


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Organization Organic Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garapati, S.H.: Analytical and Numerical Modeling of Assembly Procedures of Steel Fulcra of Bascule Bridges, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lipton, E., Barringer, F., Walsh, M.W.: Flood Insurance, Already Fragile, Faces New Stress, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOptical Review
AbbreviationOpt. Rev.
ISSN (print)1340-6000
ISSN (online)1349-9432
ScopeAtomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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