How to format your references using the Optical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Optical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, E.E.: Earth science: Ocean circulation and rapid climate change. Nature. 517, 30–31 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Treves, A., Bruskotter, J.: Ecology. Tolerance for predatory wildlife. Science. 344, 476–477 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, S., Lee, C.-T.A., Yin, Q.-Z.: Missing lead and high 3He/4He in ancient sulfides associated with continental crust formation. Sci. Rep. 4, 5314 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rucci, M., Iovin, R., Poletti, M., Santini, F.: Miniature eye movements enhance fine spatial detail. Nature. 447, 851–854 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghiani, G., Laporte, G., Musmanno, R.: Introduction to Logistics Systems Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2013)
An edited book
FitzGerald, D.M., Knight, J. eds: High Resolution Morphodynamics and Sedimentary Evolution of Estuaries. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Aleksandrowicz, G., Ivrii, A., Margalit, O., Rasin, D.: Generating Modulo-2 Linear Invariants for Hardware Model Checking. In: Yahav, E. (ed.) Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 10th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2014, Haifa, Israel, November 18-20, 2014. Proceedings. pp. 54–67. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Optical Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: How Close Are We To Finding Another Earth?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: President’s Fifth Special Message for FY 1983. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1983)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norton, J.C.: Elementary ESL and General Education Co-Teachers’ Perceptions of Their Co-Teaching Roles: A Mixed Methods Study, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M.: Temporary Home For Opera in Houston, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOptical Review
AbbreviationOpt. Rev.
ISSN (print)1340-6000
ISSN (online)1349-9432
ScopeAtomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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