How to format your references using the Optical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Optical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Haxton, W.: Neutrino physics: What makes the Sun shine. Nature. 512, 378–380 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fenistein, D., Van Hecke, M.: Kinematics: wide shear zones in granular bulk flow. Nature. 425, 256 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Niemeier, D., Gombachika, H., Richards-Kortum, R.: How to transform the practice of engineering to meet global health needs. Science. 345, 1287–1290 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Min, J., Vonesch, C., Kirshner, H., Carlini, L., Olivier, N., Holden, S., Manley, S., Ye, J.C., Unser, M.: FALCON: fast and unbiased reconstruction of high-density super-resolution microscopy data. Sci. Rep. 4, 4577 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Blair, T.H.: Energy Production Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
1.
Pandey, J.K., Reddy, K.R., Mohanty, A.K., Misra, M. eds: Handbook of Polymernanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application: Volume A: Layered Silicates. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mellgren, A.F.: Physiologic Testing. In: Beck, D.E., Wexner, S.D., Hull, T.L., Roberts, P.L., Saclarides, T.J., Senagore, A.J., Stamos, M.J., and Steele, S.R. (eds.) The ASCRS Manual of Colon and Rectal Surgery. pp. 63–77. Springer, New York, NY (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Optical Review.

Blog post
1.
Fang, J.: Asian Fungus is Killing European Salamanders, U.S. May Be Next, https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/asian-fungus-killing-european-salamanders-us-may-be-next/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Technology Transfer: Clearer Priorities and Greater Use of Innovative Approaches Could Increase the Effectiveness of Technology Transfer at Department of Energy Laboratories. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Carter, K.E.: The use of boron-doped diamond film electrodes for the oxidative degradation of perfluorooctane sulfonate and trichloroethylene, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kolomatsky, M.: Where It’s Good to Have Four Legs, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOptical Review
AbbreviationOpt. Rev.
ISSN (print)1340-6000
ISSN (online)1349-9432
ScopeAtomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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