How to format your references using the Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Akimoto H. Global air quality and pollution. Science. 2003;302:1716–1719.
A journal article with 2 authors
Codelli JA, Reisman SE. Chemistry. Pactamycin made easy. Science. 2013;340:152–153.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kohguchi H, Suzuki T, Alexander MH. Fully state-resolved differential cross sections for the inelastic scattering of the open-shell NO molecule by Ar. Science. 2001;294:832–834.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yao Y, Lu WL, Xu B, et al. The increase of the functional entropy of the human brain with age. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane MJ. The Mission-Driven Venture. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Koutny M, Haddad S, Yakovlev A, editors. Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency IX. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Herranz J, Laguillaumie F, Libert B, et al. Short Attribute-Based Signatures for Threshold Predicates. In: Dunkelman O, editor. Topics in Cryptology – CT-RSA 2012: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2012, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 27 – March 2, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 51–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy.

Blog post
Luntz S. Sound, Water and Camera Make A Zigzag of Awesome [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: USDA Faces Tremendous Challenges in Ensuring That Vital Public Services Are Not Disrupted. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998. Report No.: T-AIMD-98-167. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Etchberger JF. The cis-regulatory logic of gustatory neuron development in Caenorhabditis elegans [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. David Lynch: The Art Life. New York Times. 2017 Mar 30;C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Anti. Infect. Ther.
ISSN (print)1478-7210
ISSN (online)1744-8336
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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