How to format your references using the Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berthoud H-R. Medicine. Why does gastric bypass surgery work? Science. 2013;341:351–352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marx FG, Uhen MD. Climate, critters, and cetaceans: Cenozoic drivers of the evolution of modern whales. Science. 2010;327:993–996.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rosenthal Y, Linsley BK, Oppo DW. Pacific Ocean heat content during the past 10,000 years. Science. 2013;342:617–621.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bateman AR, El-Hachem N, Beck AH, et al. Importance of collection in gene set enrichment analysis of drug response in cancer cell lines. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4092.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peters M, Glasser D, Hildebrandt D, et al. Membrane Process Design Using Residue Curve Maps. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Minai AA, Braha D, Bar-Yam Y, editors. Unifying Themes in Complex Systems VII: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakahara N, Miyazaki K, Sakamoto H, et al. Dance Motion Control of a Humanoid Robot Based on Real-Time Tempo Tracking from Musical Audio Signals. In: Natkin S, Dupire J, editors. Entertainment Computing – ICEC 2009: 8th International Conference, Paris, France, September 3-5, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Amputee Gamer Gets Bionic Arm That Has Its Own Drone [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Airport Perimeter and Access Control Security Would Benefit from Risk Assessment and Strategy Updates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016. Report No.: GAO-16-632. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Louviere EC. Bonds Behind Bars: The Impact of Program Participation on Interpersonal Inmate Connections in Louisiana State Penitentiary [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Franaszek A. Why Czeslaw Milosz still matters. New York Times. 2017 May 15;0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Anti. Infect. Ther.
ISSN (print)1478-7210
ISSN (online)1744-8336
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles