How to format your references using the Foodborne Pathogens and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Press F. Earth science and society. Nature 2008; 451:301–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
True HL, Lindquist SL. A yeast prion provides a mechanism for genetic variation and phenotypic diversity. Nature 2000; 407:477–83.
A journal article with 3 authors
Travis DJ, Carleton AM, Lauritsen RG. Contrails reduce daily temperature range. Nature 2002; 418:601.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Scanlon TM, Caylor KK, Levin SA, Rodriguez-Iturbe I. Positive feedbacks promote power-law clustering of Kalahari vegetation. Nature 2007; 449:209–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avdeef A. Absorption and Drug Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
Bahrami H. Super-Flexibility for Knowledge Enterprises: A Toolkit for Dynamic Adaptation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
On behalf of the membership of RILEM TC 219-ACS, Nixon PJ, Sims I. RILEM Recommended Test Method: AAR-2—Detection of Potential Alkali-Reactivity—Accelerated Mortar-Bar Test Method for Aggregates. In: RILEM Recommendations for the Prevention of Damage by Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in New Concrete Structures: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 219-ACS. Nixon PJ, Sims I (eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2016, pp. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foodborne Pathogens and Disease.

Blog post
Luntz S. HIV Detected In “Cured” Mississippi Baby. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. State of the Airline Industry: Strategies for Addressing Financial and Competition Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hamilton MA. Experiences of Everyday Racism: Understanding the Racial Difference in Perceptions of Physicians’ Cultural Competence. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rutenberg J. How Do You Solve a Problem Like Ben Carson? New York Times 2015:MM44.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Press, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Press, 2008; True and Lindquist, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (True and Lindquist, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Scanlon et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFoodborne Pathogens and Disease
ISSN (print)1535-3141
ISSN (online)1556-7125

Other styles