How to format your references using the Foodborne Pathogens and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saito T. Support for the national science education act. Science 2000; 288:2318c.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood SF, Mador JK. Science and regulation. Uncapping conflict of interest? Science 2013; 340:1172–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murray BJ, Knopf DA, Bertram AK. The formation of cubic ice under conditions relevant to Earth’s atmosphere. Nature 2005; 434:202–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eigenbrode JL, Summons RE, Steele A, Freissinet C, Millan M, Navarro-González R, et al. Organic matter preserved in 3-billion-year-old mudstones at Gale crater, Mars. Science 2018; 360:1096–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Green SD. Making Sense of Construction Improvement. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
Duch W, Kacprzyk J, Oja E, Zadrożny S (eds.). Artificial Neural Networks: Biological Inspirations – ICANN 2005: 15th International Conference, Warsaw, Poland, September 11-15, 2005. Proceedings, Part I. vol. 3696. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilbanks TJ, Fernandez S. Urban Systems As Place-Based Foci For Infrastructure Interactions. In: Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities. Wilbanks TJ, Fernandez S (eds.). Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, 2014, pp. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foodborne Pathogens and Disease.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Develop Mantis Shrimp-Inspired Sensors That Can Detect Cancer. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Use of Corps Electronic Signature System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson R. Grounding theatricality in reality: The creation of the role of Suzie in “Current Nobody.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Suburban Touches With a Bustling Downtown. New York Times 2017:RE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Saito, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Saito, 2000; Wood and Mador, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wood and Mador, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Eigenbrode et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFoodborne Pathogens and Disease
ISSN (print)1535-3141
ISSN (online)1556-7125

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