How to format your references using the Foodborne Pathogens and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wain-Hobson S. H5N1 viral-engineering dangers will not go away. Nature 2013; 495:411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor JRA, Kier WM. Biomechanics: a pneumo-hydrostatic skeleton in land crabs. Nature 2006; 440:1005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spurný P, Oberst J, Heinlein D. Photographic observations of Neuschwanstein, a second meteorite from the orbit of the Príbram chondrite. Nature 2003; 423:151–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lu X, Tang L, Li K, Zheng J, Zhao P, Tao Y, et al. Contribution of NKX2-3 polymorphisms to inflammatory bowel diseases: a meta-analysis of 35358 subjects. Sci Rep 2014; 4:3924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao J. Optoelectronic Integrated Circuit Design and Device Modeling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010.
An edited book
Korelc J. Automation of Finite Element Methods. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Dye DH, Keel MF. The Portrayal of Native American Violence and Warfare: Who Speaks for the Past? In: The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research: Reporting on Environmental Degradation and Warfare. Chacon RJ, Mendoza RG (eds.). New York, NY: Springer, 2012, pp. 51–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foodborne Pathogens and Disease.

Blog post
Andrews R. What Caused Oklahoma’s Powerful 5.6M Earthquake? IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Health Information Technology: Early Efforts Initiated but Comprehensive Privacy Approach Needed for National Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grigoryan A. Feedback 2.0 in online writing instruction: Combining audio-visual and text-based commentary to enhance student revision and writing competency. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM, Vlasic B. Volvo Makes Comeback With Return to Its Values. New York Times 2016:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wain-Hobson, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Taylor and Kier, 2006; Wain-Hobson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Kier, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFoodborne Pathogens and Disease
ISSN (print)1535-3141
ISSN (online)1556-7125

Other styles