How to format your references using the Foodborne Pathogens and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tata J. The domino effect. Nature 2004; 431:513.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watson EB, Harrison TM. Zircon thermometer reveals minimum melting conditions on earliest Earth. Science 2005; 308:841–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mason GJ, Cooper J, Clarebrough C. Frustrations of fur-farmed mink. Nature 2001; 410:35–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tiago de Oliveira F, Chanda A, Banerjee D, Shan X, Mondal S, Que L Jr, et al. Chemical and spectroscopic evidence for an FeV-oxo complex. Science 2007; 315:835–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Block T, Eggert H, Kauschke W. Lager im Bauwesen. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013.
An edited book
Lang A, Murphy H (eds.). Business and Sustainability: Between Government Pressure and Self-Regulation. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumdar P. Neutrosophic Sets and Its Applications to Decision Making. In: Computational Intelligence for Big Data Analysis: Frontier Advances and Applications. Acharjya DP, Dehuri S, Sanyal S (eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 97–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foodborne Pathogens and Disease.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Wolves Are Better At Problem-Solving Tasks Than Dogs. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: DOD Is Making Progress to Rapidly Deliver Low Cost Space Capabilities, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bates K. Drivers of Engagement for Volunteers in a Nonprofit. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Melnick DJ, Pearl MC, Warfield J. Make Forests Pay. New York Times 2015:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tata, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Tata, 2004; Watson and Harrison, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watson and Harrison, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Tiago de Oliveira et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFoodborne Pathogens and Disease
ISSN (print)1535-3141
ISSN (online)1556-7125

Other styles