How to format your references using the Optical Fiber Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Optical Fiber Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Browning, Recession Watch: Cut costs and sell what you can, Nature. 457 (2009) 961–962.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Shapiro, B. Gil, Cell biology. RNA computing in a living cell, Science. 322 (2008) 387–388.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Asphaug, C.B. Agnor, Q. Williams, Hit-and-run planetary collisions, Nature. 439 (2006) 155–160.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.L. Goldberg, M.P. Klassen, Y. Hua, B.A. Barres, Amacrine-signaled loss of intrinsic axon growth ability by retinal ganglion cells, Science. 296 (2002) 1860–1864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.M. de Gyurky, The Cognitive Dynamics of Computer Science, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
R.F. Guthoff, J.A. Katowitz, eds., Oculoplastics and Orbit: Aesthetic and Functional Oculofacial Plastic Problem-Solving in the 21st Century, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Hosseini, M. Ulieru, Leveraging Domain Knowledge to Learn Normative Behavior: A Bayesian Approach, in: P. Vrancx, M. Knudson, M. Grześ (Eds.), Adaptive and Learning Agents: International Workshop, ALA 2011, Held at AAMAS 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 70–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Optical Fiber Technology.

Blog post
T. Hale, What Is The Ideal “Golden Number” Of Previous Sexual Partners For Men And Women?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Social Security Administration: Information Systems Could Improve Processing Attorney Fee Payments in Disability Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Lundahl Philpot, Social media adoption and use among information technology professionals and implications for leadership, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Prochnik, Our Freudian Complex, New York Times. (2017) BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOptical Fiber Technology
AbbreviationOpt. Fiber Technol.
ISSN (print)1068-5200
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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