How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Körding K (2007) Decision theory: what “should” the nervous system do? Science 318:606–610
A journal article with 2 authors
Rignot E, Kanagaratnam P (2006) Changes in the velocity structure of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Science 311:986–990
A journal article with 3 authors
Biankin AV, Piantadosi S, Hollingsworth SJ (2015) Patient-centric trials for therapeutic development in precision oncology. Nature 526:361–370
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Agliari E, Biselli E, De Ninno A, et al (2014) Cancer-driven dynamics of immune cells in a microfluidic environment. Sci Rep 4:6639

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yoder CH, Leber PA, Thomsen MW (2010) The Bridge to Organic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Maragos P, Potamianos A, Gros P (2008) Multimodal Processing and Interaction: Audio, Video, Text. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Pallas F (2016) Haier: A Case Study on How One of China’s First Global Brands Keeps Expanding. In: Segers RT (ed) Multinational Management: A Casebook on Asia’s Global Market Leaders. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Mathematics.

Blog post
Taub B (2015) The Top 10 Feel-Good Science Stories Of 2015. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Bridge Improvements: States Exercise Discretion in Selecting Projects Using Federal-Aid Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tian CY (2010) Studies of equilibrium conditions in housing markets. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2009) Nassau and Union in Deal to Avoid Layoffs. New York Times LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Mathematics
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Math.
ISSN (print)0022-0833
ISSN (online)1573-2703
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Mathematics

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