How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac K (2014) Diagnosis: Early warning system. Nature 513:S4-6
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanaka HKM, Watanabe H (2014) 6Li-loaded directionally sensitive anti-neutrino detector for possible geo-neutrinographic imaging applications. Sci Rep 4:4708
A journal article with 3 authors
Logoteta D, Fiori G, Iannaccone G (2014) Graphene-based lateral heterostructure transistors exhibit better intrinsic performance than graphene-based vertical transistors as post-CMOS devices. Sci Rep 4:6607
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang J-S, Wang G, Feng X-Q, et al (2013) Hierarchical chirality transfer in the growth of Towel Gourd tendrils. Sci Rep 3:3102

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yao Y, Liu S (2014) Ultrasonic Technology for Desiccant Regeneration. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Gillman LM, Widder S, Blaivas MD M, Karakitsos D (2016) Trauma Team Dynamics: A Trauma Crisis Resource Management Manual, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Wolf E, Beblo M, Ohlert C (2012) Gender and nationality pay gaps in light of organisational theories. In: Beham B, Straub C, Schwalbach J (eds) Managing Diversity in Organizations. Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp 69–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Mathematics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Parrots Lose in the War of the Adorables. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Offshoring in Six Human Services Programs: Offshoring Occurs in Most States, Primarily in Customer Service and Software Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfe CJ (2012) Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) For Seventh Street, a Love Letter on Film. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Mathematics
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Math.
ISSN (print)0022-0833
ISSN (online)1573-2703
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Mathematics

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