How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Vlieg E (2013) Materials science. Complexity from simplicity. Science 340:822–823
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stebbins CE, Galán JE (2001) Structural mimicry in bacterial virulence. Nature 412:701–705
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Grevemeyer I, Herber R, Essen HH (2000) Microseismological evidence for a changing wave climate in the northeast Atlantic Ocean. Nature 408:349–352
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Leonov I, Poteryaev AI, Gornostyrev YN, et al (2014) Electronic correlations determine the phase stability of iron up to the melting temperature. Sci Rep 4:5585

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Frank P, Ottoboni MA (2011) The Dose Makes the Poison. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Van Deemen A, Rusinowska A (2010) Collective Decision Making: Views from Social Choice and Game Theory. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Norling E (2007) Contrasting a System Dynamics Model and an Agent-Based Model of Food Web Evolution. In: Antunes L, Takadama K (eds) Multi-Agent-Based Simulation VII: International Workshop, MABS 2006, Hakodate, Japan, May 8, 2006, Revised and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Mathematics.

Blog post
1.
Taub B (2016) The World’s First Three-Parent Baby Has Been Born. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/worlds-first-three-parent-baby-born/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1986) Designing Evaluations: A Workbook. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tafoya A (2010) Impact of HIV/AIDS stigma on seropositive Latinos along the United States-Mexico border. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Whiteside K (2017) In Family’s Footsteps, Minor Takes Big Stage. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Mathematics
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Math.
ISSN (print)0022-0833
ISSN (online)1573-2703
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Mathematics

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