How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
List JA (2008) Economics. Homo experimentalis Evolves. Science 321:207–208
A journal article with 2 authors
Ferrara N, Kerbel RS (2005) Angiogenesis as a therapeutic target. Nature 438:967–974
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim M, Carman CV, Springer TA (2003) Bidirectional transmembrane signaling by cytoplasmic domain separation in integrins. Science 301:1720–1725
A journal article with 5 or more authors
van Heijst JWJ, Gerlach C, Swart E, et al (2009) Recruitment of antigen-specific CD8+ T cells in response to infection is markedly efficient. Science 325:1265–1269

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkateshan SP (2015) Mechanical Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Lustig RH (2011) Obesity Before Birth: Maternal and prenatal influences on the offspring. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Giga M-H, Giga Y, Saal J (2010) Compactness Theorems. In: Giga Y, Saal J (eds) Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations: Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions and Self-Similar Solutions. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 181–188

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Mathematics.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Researchers Are Developing A Vaccine For Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) NASA Personnel: Shortages of Scientists and Engineers Due to Retirements Unlikely in the 1990s. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beard AR (2017) Absence Causation in Mechanistic Explanation. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (1999) Secrecy Mounting As the Cup Draws Near. New York Times 814

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Mathematics
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Math.
ISSN (print)0022-0833
ISSN (online)1573-2703
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Mathematics

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