How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chesebro, B., 2004. Biomedicine. A fresh look at BSE. Science 305, 1918–1921.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kofman, A.G., Kurizki, G., 2000. Acceleration of quantum decay processes by frequent observations. Nature 405, 546–550.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burga, A., Casanueva, M.O., Lehner, B., 2011. Predicting mutation outcome from early stochastic variation in genetic interaction partners. Nature 480, 250–253.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kastner, J.H., Richmond, M., Grosso, N., Weintraub, D.A., Simon, T., Frank, A., Hamaguchi, K., Ozawa, H., Henden, A., 2004. An X-ray outburst from the rapidly accreting young star that illuminates McNeil’s nebula. Nature 430, 429–431.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Amico, G., Di Biase, G., Janssen, J., Manca, R., 2017. Semi-Markov Migration Models for Credit Risk. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Joye, M., Tunstall, M. (Eds.), 2012. Fault Analysis in Cryptography, Information Security and Cryptography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
van Heesbeen, R.G.H.P., Medema, R.H., 2015. Kif15: A Useful Target for Anti-cancer Therapy?, in: Frank, K.F. (Ed.), Kinesins and Cancer. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 77–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Scientists Are Using “Frankenturtles” To Protect Marine Wildlife In Chesapeake Bay [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Customs Is Making Good Progress (No. T-AIMD-99-225). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vargo, G., 2010. Social protest and the novel: Chartism, the radical press, and early Victorian fiction (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2017. Her Peers Made School Look Easy. With Hard Work, She’s Catching Up. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chesebro, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Chesebro, 2004; Kofman and Kurizki, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kofman and Kurizki, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kastner et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics
AbbreviationBiosens. Bioelectron.
ISSN (print)0956-5663
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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