How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, V., 2010. Chemistry. To cool or not to cool. Science 329, 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rabosky, D.L., Sorhannus, U., 2009. Diversity dynamics of marine planktonic diatoms across the Cenozoic. Nature 457, 183–186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lindenmayer, D.B., Laurance, W.F., Franklin, J.F., 2012. Ecology. Global decline in large old trees. Science 338, 1305–1306.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Doiron-Leyraud, N., Proust, C., LeBoeuf, D., Levallois, J., Bonnemaison, J.-B., Liang, R., Bonn, D.A., Hardy, W.N., Taillefer, L., 2007. Quantum oscillations and the Fermi surface in an underdoped high-Tc superconductor. Nature 447, 565–568.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B., 2016. Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tedsen, E., Cavalieri, S., Kraemer, R.A. (Eds.), 2014. Arctic Marine Governance: Opportunities for Transatlantic Cooperation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, W., Wu, Y., Goh, M., 2015. A Continuous-Time Model for Multiple Yard Crane Scheduling with Last-Minute Job Arrivals, in: Wu, Y., Goh, M. (Eds.), Planning and Scheduling for Maritime Container Yards: Supporting and Facilitating the Global Supply Network. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Do You Really Choose What You Eat – Or Do Your Gut Microbes Decide For You? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Teacher Preparation Programs: Education Should Ensure States Identify Low-Performing Programs and Improve Information-Sharing (No. GAO-15-598). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amezcua, D., 2016. Increasing academic success for foster youth: Educational workshops and resource guides: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., Chapman, M.M., 2016. VW Starts Down Road of Winning Back Americans. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bromm, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bromm, 2010; Rabosky and Sorhannus, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rabosky and Sorhannus, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Doiron-Leyraud et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics
AbbreviationBiosens. Bioelectron.
ISSN (print)0956-5663
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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