How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Westall, F., 2005. Evolution. Life on the early Earth: a sedimentary view. Science 308, 366–367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prindle, A., Hasty, J., 2010. Biochemistry. Stochastic emergence of groupthink. Science 328, 987–988.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gong, M., Kirkeminde, A., Ren, S., 2013. Symmetry-defying iron pyrite (FeS₂) nanocrystals through oriented attachment. Sci. Rep. 3, 2092.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jetz, W., Carbone, C., Fulford, J., Brown, J.H., 2004. The scaling of animal space use. Science 306, 266–268.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hulin, W., Jin-Ting, Z., 2006. Nonparametric Regression Methods for Longitudinal Data Analysis: Mixed-Effects Modeling Approaches, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Borangiu, T., Dragoicea, M., Nóvoa, H. (Eds.), 2016. Exploring Services Science: 7th International Conference, IESS 2016, Bucharest, Romania, May 25-27, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Erseghe, T., Laurenti, N., Rizzi, V., Corvaja, R., 2007. A Packet Detection Algorithm for the UWB Standard ECMA 368, in: Pupolin, S. (Ed.), Wireless Communications 2007 CNIT Thyrrenian Symposium, Signals and Communication Technology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Dead Basking Shark Caught and Donated to Museum Victoria [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Improvement Needed In Documenting Computer Systems (No. B-115369). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vlajic, N.A., 2014. Dynamics of slender, flexible structures (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora, M., 2016. Crash Kills 3 College Students on Medical Mission in Honduras. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Westall, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Prindle and Hasty, 2010; Westall, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prindle and Hasty, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Jetz et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics
AbbreviationBiosens. Bioelectron.
ISSN (print)0956-5663
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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