How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkel, J.M., 2015. Rate that journal. Nature 520, 119–120.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCormick, C., Ganem, D., 2005. The kaposin B protein of KSHV activates the p38/MK2 pathway and stabilizes cytokine mRNAs. Science 307, 739–741.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, J., Han, D., Zhao, Y.-P., 2014. Kinetic behaviour of the cells touching substrate: the interfacial stiffness guides cell spreading. Sci. Rep. 4, 3910.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wei, B.Q., Vajtai, R., Jung, Y., Ward, J., Zhang, R., Ramanath, G., Ajayan, P.M., 2002. Microfabrication technology: organized assembly of carbon nanotubes. Nature 416, 495–496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kagan, E., Ben-Gal, I., 2013. Probabilistic Search for Tracking Targets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pelliccia, A. (Ed.), 2009. Sports Cardiology Casebook. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Komera, S., Lukose, P.J.J., Sasidharan, S., 2016. Business Group Affiliation and Innovation in Medium and High-Technology Industries in India, in: Siddharthan, N.S., Narayanan, K. (Eds.), Technology: Corporate and Social Dimensions, India Studies in Business and Economics. Springer, Singapore, pp. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Breakthrough In Quantum Computing Using Silicon Material [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Air Traffic Control: Complete and Enforced Architecture Needed for FAA Systems Modernization (No. AIMD-97-30). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gravano, A., 2009. Turn-taking and affirmative cue words in task-oriented dialogue (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2000. It’s All in the Family as Princeton Goes for a Title. New York Times D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perkel, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (McCormick and Ganem, 2005; Perkel, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCormick and Ganem, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics
AbbreviationBiosens. Bioelectron.
ISSN (print)0956-5663
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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