How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, B.D., 2007. Behavior. The ultimate ecosystem engineers. Science 315, 1797–1798.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Graaf, J., Manna, L., 2012. Materials science. A roadmap for the assembly of polyhedral particles. Science 337, 417–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan, X., Shao, M., Kulkarni, S.R., 2004. A distance of 133-137 parsecs to the Pleiades star cluster. Nature 427, 326–328.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deng, X.L., Takami, T., Son, J.W., Kang, E.J., Kawai, T., Park, B.H., 2014. Effect of concentration gradient on ionic current rectification in polyethyleneimine modified glass nano-pipettes. Sci. Rep. 4, 4005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle, M., 2016. Thermodynamics of Surfaces and Capillary Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
S, K.M.D.E. (Ed.), 2014. Current Advances in Osteosarcoma, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kashmiri, S.M., Makinwa, K.A.A., 2013. An Electrothermal Frequency Reference in Standard 0.7 μm CMOS, in: Makinwa, K.A.A. (Ed.), Electrothermal Frequency References in Standard CMOS. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 129–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2016. It Seriously Sucks To Be A Reindeer Right Now [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Severity of Problem Calls for Strong Leadership and Effective Partnerships (No. T-AIMD-98-278). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luo, S.X., 2009. Theoretical models of olfactory discrimination in Drosophila (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 1999. For Everyone, Non-Russians, Too, There’s a Personal Pushkin. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (de Graaf and Manna, 2012; Smith, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Graaf and Manna, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics
AbbreviationBiosens. Bioelectron.
ISSN (print)0956-5663
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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