How to format your references using the Ophthalmic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ophthalmic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Gerber C. Heinrich Rohrer (1933-2013). Nature. 2013 Jul;499(7456):30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Gardner BM, Walter P. Unfolded proteins are Ire1-activating ligands that directly induce the unfolded protein response. Science. 2011 Sep;333(6051):1891–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Baum P, Yang D-S, Zewail AH. 4D visualization of transitional structures in phase transformations by electron diffraction. Science. 2007 Nov;318(5851):788–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Hauert C, Traulsen A, Brandt H, Nowak MA, Sigmund K. Via freedom to coercion: the emergence of costly punishment. Science. 2007 Jun;316(5833):1905–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bolstad WM, Curran JM. Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1
Kontis K, editor. 28th International Symposium on Shock Waves: Vol 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Hübner L. A Service Hardware Application Case Fiducia. In: Fleischmann A, Schmidt W, Stary C, editors. S-BPM in the Wild: Practical Value Creation. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015; pp 75–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ophthalmic Research.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. Psychologist On Dating: There Are No Rules Of Attraction When It Comes To Meeting Your Match [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Nov

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Education Should Provide Additional Guidance to Help States Smoothly Transition Children to Preschool. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Rosales JK. California’s three strikes law: A policy analysis. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Barry E. Dancer Held in Acid Attack on Bolshoi Director. New York Times. 2013 Mar;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOphthalmic Research
AbbreviationOphthalmic Res.
ISSN (print)0030-3747
ISSN (online)1423-0259
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

Other styles