How to format your references using the Ophthalmic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ophthalmic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Clary DC. Chemistry. Quantum chemistry of complex systems. Science. 2006 Oct;314(5797):265–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Feizi A, Bordel S. Metabolic and protein interaction sub-networks controlling the proliferation rate of cancer cells and their impact on patient survival. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct;3:3041.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Pouysségur J, Dayan F, Mazure NM. Hypoxia signalling in cancer and approaches to enforce tumour regression. Nature. 2006 May;441(7092):437–43.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Yusa K, Horie K, Kondoh G, Kouno M, Maeda Y, Kinoshita T, et al. Genome-wide phenotype analysis in ES cells by regulated disruption of Bloom’s syndrome gene. Nature. 2004 Jun;429(6994):896–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Kivy P. Once-Told Tales. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1
Osellame R, Cerullo G, Ramponi R, editors. Femtosecond Laser Micromachining: Photonic and Microfluidic Devices in Transparent Materials. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Torras C. Natural Inspiration for Artificial Adaptivity: Some Neurocomputing Experiences in Robotics. In: Calude CS, Dinneen MJ, Păun G, Pérez-Jímenez MJ, Rozenberg G, editors. Unconventional Computation: 4th International Conference, UC 2005, Sevilla, Spain, October 3 – 7, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005; pp 32–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ophthalmic Research.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. Jaguar Tastes The Hallucinogenic Effects Of Yage [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Oct

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Proposed Alliance Between American Airlines and British Airways Raises Competition Concerns and Public Interest Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Uzoff PP. Virtual school teacher’s science efficacy beliefs: The effects of community of practice on science-teaching efficacy beliefs. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Stewart JB. How Dauman Lost the Battle for Viacom. New York Times. 2016 Aug;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOphthalmic Research
AbbreviationOphthalmic Res.
ISSN (print)0030-3747
ISSN (online)1423-0259
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

Other styles