How to format your references using the Ophthalmic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ophthalmic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Blatter G. Schrodinger’s cat is now fat. Nature. 2000 Jul;406(6791):25–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Fitch WT, Hauser MD. Computational constraints on syntactic processing in a nonhuman primate. Science. 2004 Jan;303(5656):377–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Berger G, Graef F, Pfeffer H. Glyphosate applications on arable fields considerably coincide with migrating amphibians. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2622.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Bradley KA, Mogridge J, Mourez M, Collier RJ, Young JA. Identification of the cellular receptor for anthrax toxin. Nature. 2001 Nov;414(6860):225–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bourlès H. Linear Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1
Di Valentin C, Botti S, Cococcioni M, editors. First Principles Approaches to Spectroscopic Properties of Complex Materials. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Wiltschi B. Protein Building Blocks and the Expansion of the Genetic Code. In: Glieder A, Kubicek CP, Mattanovich D, Wiltschi B, Sauer M, editors. Synthetic Biology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 143–209.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ophthalmic Research.

Blog post
1
Davis J. Tiny Teeth In Corkscrew Poop Show Ancient Sharks Were Cannibalizing Their Young [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Aug [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tiny-teeth-in-corkscrew-poop-show-ancient-sharks-were-cannibalizing-their-young/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Screening Partnership Program: Improved Cost Estimates Can Enhance Program Decision Making. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Mann HM. Testing for differentially functioning indicators using mixtures of confirmatory factor analysis models. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Murphy MJO. Beyond the Whimsy, Sushi With Ambition. New York Times. 2013 Apr;LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOphthalmic Research
AbbreviationOphthalmic Res.
ISSN (print)0030-3747
ISSN (online)1423-0259
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

Other styles