How to format your references using the Materials Today Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Today Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Ruiz-Casares, Mental health: Tailor informed-consent processes, Nature. 513 (2014) 304.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.J. Coles, M.N. Pivnenko, Liquid crystal “blue phases” with a wide temperature range, Nature. 436 (2005) 997–1000.
A journal article with 3 authors
K.D. Westover, D.A. Bushnell, R.D. Kornberg, Structural basis of transcription: separation of RNA from DNA by RNA polymerase II, Science. 303 (2004) 1014–1016.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K.B. Louie, B.P. Bowen, S. McAlhany, Y. Huang, J.C. Price, J.-H. Mao, M. Hellerstein, T.R. Northen, Mass spectrometry imaging for in situ kinetic histochemistry, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1656.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.S. Paolella, Fundamental Probability, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
M.-A. Sicilia, C. Kop, F. Sartori, eds., Ontology, Conceptualization and Epistemology for Information Systems, Software Engineering and Service Science: 4th International Workshop, ONTOSE 2010, held at CAiSE 2010, Hammamet, Tunisia, June 7-8, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Stojadinović, R. Vasilić, B. Kasalica, I. Belča, L. Zeković, Luminescence During the Electrochemical Oxidation of Aluminum, in: S.S. Djokić (Ed.), Electrodeposition and Surface Finishing: Fundamentals and Applications, Springer, New York, NY, 2014: pp. 241–302.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Today Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Lab Worker Accidentally Infects Himself With Smallpox-Like Virus, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Costs of Government Funded Trips for Invitees To Attend Space Shuttle Launches at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.A. Reitz, Nonlinear Robust Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors With Applications to Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Mets’ Pick for Manager Is Heavy on Pitching and Youth, New York Times. (2017) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Today Communications
AbbreviationMater. Today Commun.
ISSN (print)2352-4928
ScopeMechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Materials Chemistry

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