How to format your references using the Applied Network Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Network Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zala K (2007) Careers in behavioral science. Public opinion research: measuring happiness. Science 316:1060–1061
A journal article with 2 authors
Milutinovich M, Koshland DE (2003) Molecular biology. SMC complexes--wrapped up in controversy. Science 300:1101–1102
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Connor DH, Huber D, Svoboda K (2009) Reverse engineering the mouse brain. Nature 461:923–929
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ben-Shahar Y, Robichon A, Sokolowski MB, Robinson GE (2002) Influence of gene action across different time scales on behavior. Science 296:741–744

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hickey R (2013) A Dictionary of Varieties of English. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken
An edited book
Manzoni G de, Roviello F, Siquini W (eds) (2012) Surgery in the Multimodal Management of Gastric Cancer. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Jensen K, Kühl O (2009) Towards a Model of Musical Chunks. In: Ystad S, Kronland-Martinet R, Jensen K (eds) Computer Music Modeling and Retrieval. Genesis of Meaning in Sound and Music: 5th International Symposium, CMMR 2008 Copenhagen, Denmark, May 19-23, 2008 Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 81–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Network Science.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) From Dark Gravity To Phantom Energy: What’s Driving The Expansion Of The Universe? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Amtrak: Issues for Reauthorization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adijanto J (2010) Metabolic acid transport in human retinal pigment epithelium. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2016) At 100, a Movement Still Astonishes and Provokes. New York Times CT10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zala 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Milutinovich and Koshland 2003; Zala 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milutinovich and Koshland 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ben-Shahar et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Network Science
AbbreviationAppl. Netw. Sci.
ISSN (online)2364-8228

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