How to format your references using the Current Hepatitis Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Hepatitis Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sims IR. Chemistry. Arranging reactive meetings of cold radicals. Science. 2011;334:1506–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nordborg M, Weigel D. Next-generation genetics in plants. Nature. 2008;456:720–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Jerga A. Storage of methane and freon by interstitial van der Waals confinement. Science. 2002;296:2367–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Peng P, Chan SW-L, Shah GA, Jacobsen SE. Plant genetics: increased outcrossing in hothead mutants. Nature. 2006;443:E8; discussion E8-9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Shanmugam R, Chattamvelli R. Statistics for Scientists and Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Bagirov A. Introduction to Nonsmooth Optimization: Theory, Practice and Software. Karmitsa N, Mäkelä MM, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Deville MO, Gatski TB. Constitutive Equations: General Principles. In: Gatski TB, editor. Mathematical Modeling for Complex Fluids and Flows. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 69–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Hepatitis Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Newly Discovered Tarantula May Have A Terrifying Attack Method [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. School Lunch Program: Cafeteria Managers’ Views on Food Wasted by Students. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jul. Report No.: RCED-96-191.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Russo CA. The potential harms of breast cancer screening: estimating the unnecessary surgical diagnosis of benign breast lesions and its impact on quality and cost among insured women younger than 65 years old [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Once Damaged Goods, Mets Reliever Returns to the Top Shelf. New York Times. 2016 Oct 5;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Hepatitis Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Hepat. Rep.
ISSN (print)1540-3416
ISSN (online)1541-0706

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