How to format your references using the Current Hepatitis Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Hepatitis Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ramakrishnan V. Molecular biology. The eukaryotic ribosome. Science. 2011;331:681–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ryan AJ, Christensen PR. Coils and polygonal crust in the Athabasca Valles region, Mars, as evidence for a volcanic history. Science. 2012;336:449–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chen Z, Yang H, Pavletich NP. Mechanism of homologous recombination from the RecA-ssDNA/dsDNA structures. Nature. 2008;453:489–484.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sartori AA, Lukas C, Coates J, Mistrik M, Fu S, Bartek J, et al. Human CtIP promotes DNA end resection. Nature. 2007;450:509–14.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Altman MC. Kant and Applied Ethics. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Giga M-H. Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations: Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions and Self-Similar Solutions. Giga Y, Saal J, editors. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Badaloni S, Falda M. Discriminating Exanthematic Diseases from Temporal Patterns of Patient Symptoms. In: Miksch S, Hunter J, Keravnou ET, editors. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 10th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2005, Aberdeen, UK, July 23-27, 2005 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Hepatitis Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Gibbon Genome Reveals Why They’re the Swing Kings [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. U.S. Telecommunications Policy: Demand Dictates Supply. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jan. Report No.: 144265.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Khatib E. A phenomenological study on the potential impact of implementing information systems in midsize corporations [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barker K, Taylor K. A Teacher Accused of Abuse Seen to Have Never Grown Up. New York Times. 2014 Oct 10;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Hepatitis Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Hepat. Rep.
ISSN (print)1540-3416
ISSN (online)1541-0706

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