How to format your references using the Current Hepatitis Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Hepatitis Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cordes JM. Astronomy. Radio bursts, origin unknown. Science. 2013;341:40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Franks NR, Richardson T. Teaching in tandem-running ants. Nature. 2006;439:153.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pfanner N, Wiedemann N, Meisinger C. Cell biology. Double membrane fusion. Science. 2004;305:1723–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Renne PR, Feinberg JM, Waters MR, Arroyo-Cabrales J, Ochoa-Castillo P, Perez-Campa M, et al. Geochronology: age of Mexican ash with alleged “footprints.” Nature. 2005;438:E7-8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Balakrishnan N, Koutras MV. Runs and Scans with Applications: Balakrishnan/Runs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001.
An edited book
1. Taylor DA, Sherry SP, Sing RF, editors. Interventional Critical Care: A Manual for Advanced Care Practitioners. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Beauville A. Sur les hypersurfaces dont les sections hyperplanes sont à module constant. In: Cartier P, Illusie L, Katz NM, Laumon G, Manin YI, Ribet KA, editors. The Grothendieck Festschrift: A Collection of Articles Written in Honor of the 60th Birthday of Alexander Grothendieck. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2007. p. 121–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Hepatitis Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. First Ever Private Launch Site for Orbital Rockets Could be in New Zealand [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP: USDA Farm Service Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jul. Report No.: IMTEC-92-72R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Finley S. How online communication and social media networking are used in alcohol use treatment [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Robinson L. By the Banks of the Tigris. New York Times. 2011 Jan 23;BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Hepatitis Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Hepat. Rep.
ISSN (print)1540-3416
ISSN (online)1541-0706

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