How to format your references using the American Journal of Clinical Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Clinical Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brady O. Scale up the supply of experimental Ebola drugs. Nature 2014;512:233.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nowak MA, Sigmund K. Evolutionary dynamics of biological games. Science 2004;303:793-799.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nielsen S, Yuzenkova Y, Zenkin N. Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination. Science 2013;340:1577-1580.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Salge JR, Dreyer BJ, Dauenhauer PJ, et al. Renewable hydrogen from nonvolatile fuels by reactive flash volatilization. Science 2006;314:801-804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Garg VK. Concurrent and Distributed Computing in Java. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Suri JS, Wilson DL, Laxminarayan S, eds. Handbook of Biomedical Image Analysis: Volume I: Segmentation Models Part A. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Goldberg AV, Kaplan H, Werneck RF. Better Landmarks Within Reach. In: Demetrescu C, ed. Experimental Algorithms: 6th International Workshop, WEA 2007, Rome, Italy, June 6-8, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:38-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Clinical Pathology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Very Hot Drinks “Probably” Cause Cancer, Says The World Health Organization. IFLScience 2016. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/very-hot-drinks-probably-cause-cancer-says-the-world-health-organization/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Travel: Passenger Aircraft Services Annually Cost Taxpayers Millions More Than Commercial Airlines. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rawashdeh MY. A Relational Framework for Clustering and Cluster Validity and the Generalization of the Silhouette Measure. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Two Teams That Need An Introduction. New York Times. March 31, 2011:B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Clinical Pathology
AbbreviationAm. J. Clin. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0002-9173
ISSN (online)1943-7722
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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