How to format your references using the Operations Research for Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Operations Research for Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.R. Norman, The challenge of unconventional superconductivity, Science. 332 (2011) 196–200.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.W. McCauley, M. Bronner-Fraser, Importance of SoxE in neural crest development and the evolution of the pharynx, Nature. 441 (2006) 750–752.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.C. Fu, S.A. Raizen, R.J. Shavelson, Education. The nation’s report card: a vision of large-scale science assessment, Science. 326 (2009) 1637–1638.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Žitnik, V. Janjić, C. Larminie, B. Zupan, N. Pržulj, Discovering disease-disease associations by fusing systems-level molecular data, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.H. Welsh, Aspects of Statistical Inference: Welsh/Aspects, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 1996.
An edited book
H. Chen, H. Ji, L. Sun, H. Wang, T. Qian, T. Ruan, eds., Knowledge Graph and Semantic Computing: Semantic, Knowledge, and Linked Big Data: First China Conference, CCKS 2016, Beijing, China, September 19-22, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
W.F. McComas, Alphabet Soup Science Curriculum Projects, in: W.F. McComas (Ed.), The Language of Science Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Science Teaching and Learning, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2014: pp. 5–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Operations Research for Health Care.

Blog post
S. Luntz, New Estimate Suggests 100 Million Planets In Our Galaxy Capable Of Sustaining Complex Life, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intercollegiate Athletics: Trends by Sport in National Collegiate Athletic Association Sports, an E-supplement to GAO-07-535, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Rayford, A Qualitative Analysis of Mentoring Experiences and Perceptions of Female Students Enrolled in a Doctoral Program in Education at a Midwestern University, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Loomis, Baroque Opera at the Ambronay Festival, New York Times. (2012) 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOperations Research for Health Care
AbbreviationOper. Res. Health Care
ISSN (print)2211-6923
Oral Surgery

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