How to format your references using the Operations Research for Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Operations Research for Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Salzberg, The contents of the syringe, Nature. 454 (2008) 160–161.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Kozlova, C.S. Thummel, Essential roles for ecdysone signaling during Drosophila mid-embryonic development, Science. 301 (2003) 1911–1914.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Tahir, A. MacKinnon, U. Schwingenschlögl, Novel spectral features of nanoelectromechanical systems, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4035.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. Wu, H. Chen, Y. Sun, X. Li, P. Cui, C. Franchini, J. Wang, X.-Q. Chen, Z. Zhang, Tuning the vertical location of helical surface states in topological insulator heterostructures via dual-proximity effects, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Siebert, I. Maniatis, Tragende Bauteile aus Glas, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
H. Huang, T. Liu, H.-P. Zhang, J. Tang, eds., Social Media Processing: Third National Conference, SMP 2014, Beijing, China, November 1-2, 2014. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Eckert, Risk Assessment for Chemical Spills in the River Rhine, in: M. Shamrukh (Ed.), Riverbank Filtration for Water Security in Desert Countries, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011: pp. 69–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Operations Research for Health Care.

Blog post
B. Taub, LSD-bunked: How Research Is Finally Separating The Facts From The Myths Surrounding Acid, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: Progress Made in Systematic Planning to Guide Key Investment Decisions, but More Work Remains, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.N. Mantilla, The differences in the educational experiences and caregiver involvement in education between youth in foster care and those in care of their biological parents, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. Nixon, M.D. Shear, Square-Jawed General Has New Mission: Restore Order to West Wing, New York Times. (2017) A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOperations Research for Health Care
AbbreviationOper. Res. Health Care
ISSN (print)2211-6923
Oral Surgery

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