How to format your references using the Open Network Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Network Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. De S. Journal club. A biologist looks at the effect of a dynamic nuclear environment on gene expression. Nature. 2009;460:15.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wardle DA, Lindahl BD. Ecology. Disentangling global soil fungal diversity. Science. 2014;346:1052–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Butterworth B, Varma S, Laurillard D. Dyscalculia: from brain to education. Science. 2011;332:1049–53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hoang CV, Oyama M, Saito O, Aono M, Nagao T. Monitoring the presence of ionic mercury in environmental water by plasmon-enhanced infrared spectroscopy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lißner K, Rug W. Der Eurocode 5 für Deutschland Eurocode 5: Bemessung und Konstruktion von Holzbauten. Berlin, Germany: Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2016.
An edited book
1. Kazakov D, Smadja G, editors. Particle Physics and Cosmology: The Interface: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Particle Physics and Cosmology: The Interface Cargèse, France 4–16 August 2003. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tayeh AAO, Signer B. A Dynamically Extensible Open Cross-Document Link Service. In: Wang J, Cellary W, Wang D, Wang H, Chen S-C, Li T, et al., editors. Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2015: 16th International Conference, Miami, FL, USA, November 1-3, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Network Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Google Releases Stunning Underwater Street View For World Oceans Day. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/google-releases-stunning-underwater-street-view-world-oceans-day/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DOD’s Risk Assessment and Safeguards Management of Chemical and Biological Warfare Research and Development Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Castillo-Garrison EM. Asilomar Leadership Skills Seminar: The career preparation, advancement, and enhancement of women in California community college leadership. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B, Alter A, Chan S. Bob Dylan Wins Nobel Prize, Redefining the Boundaries of Literature. New York Times. 2016;:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Network Biology
ISSN (print)2046-7826
Scope

Other styles