How to format your references using the International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, R. (2012). Why a macroeconomic perspective is critical to the prevention of noncommunicable disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6101), 1501–1503.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cahoon, L. A., & Seifert, H. S. (2009). An alternative DNA structure is necessary for pilin antigenic variation in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5941), 764–767.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley, A. I., Lang, A. S., & Suttle, C. A. (2006). Metagenomic analysis of coastal RNA virus communities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5781), 1795–1798.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sharma, R. P., Ogale, S. B., Zhang, Z. H., Liu, J. R., Chu, W. K., Veal, B., et al. (2000). Phase transitions in the incoherent lattice fluctuations in YBa2Cu3O(7-delta). Nature, 404(6779), 736–740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steenbarger, B. N. (2015). Trading Psychology 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Van Cutsem, E., Vogl, T. J., Orsi, F., & Sobrero, A. (Eds.). (2015). Locoregional Tumor Therapy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baruch, I. S., & Galvan-Guerra, R. (2009). Centralized Direct and Indirect Neural Control of Distributed Parameter Systems. In O. Castillo, W. Pedrycz, & J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Evolutionary Design of Intelligent Systems in Modeling, Simulation and Control (pp. 63–81). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, June 26). The Science of Bacon. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Information Technology: Federal Laws, Regulations, and Mandatory Standards to Securing Private Sector Information Technology Systems and Data in Critical Infrastructure Sectors (No. GAO-08-1075R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felsburg, D. F. (2008). The business of evangelism: A phenomenological study of frustration and attrition among Christian evangelists (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, K. (2014, December 14). Skin in the Game. New York Times, p. TR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Cahoon and Seifert 2009; Smith 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cahoon and Seifert 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharma et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for the Advancement of Counselling
AbbreviationInt. J. Adv. Couns.
ISSN (print)0165-0653
ISSN (online)1573-3246
ScopePsychology (miscellaneous)
Applied Psychology

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