How to format your references using the International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ley, R. E. (2015). The gene-microbe link. Nature, 518(7540), S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kwon, H.-B., & Sabatini, B. L. (2011). Glutamate induces de novo growth of functional spines in developing cortex. Nature, 474(7349), 100–104.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, J., Shen, L., & Zheng, D. (2014). Association between vitamin C intake and lung cancer: a dose-response meta-analysis. Scientific reports, 4, 6161.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stern, S. A., Weaver, H. A., Steffl, A. J., Mutchler, M. J., Merline, W. J., Buie, M. W., et al. (2006). A giant impact origin for Pluto’s small moons and satellite multiplicity in the Kuiper belt. Nature, 439(7079), 946–948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padgett, S. (2014). Profiling the Fraudster. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pangracious, V. (2015). Three-Dimensional Design Methodologies for Tree-based FPGA Architecture. (Z. Marrakchi & H. Mehrez, Eds.) (Vol. 350). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sheikh, M. A., & Erlich, Y. (2012). Base-Calling for Bioinformaticians. In N. Rodríguez-Ezpeleta, M. Hackenberg, & A. M. Aransay (Eds.), Bioinformatics for High Throughput Sequencing (pp. 67–83). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 7). Previously Uncontacted Amazon Tribe Make Contact With Outside World. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Suggested Areas for Oversight for the 110th Congress (No. GAO-07-235R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Julfayan-Gregorian, V. (2017). Success Strategies of First-Generation Foreign-Born Leaders (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2017, September 7). Kaepernick’s Conscience. New York Times, p. SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ley 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kwon and Sabatini 2011; Ley 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kwon and Sabatini 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Stern et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for the Advancement of Counselling
AbbreviationInt. J. Adv. Couns.
ISSN (print)0165-0653
ISSN (online)1573-3246
ScopePsychology (miscellaneous)
Applied Psychology

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