How to format your references using the International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tromans, A. (2001). Entomology. The alkaloid defence. Nature, 409(6816), 28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weaver, A. J., & Zwiers, F. W. (2000). Uncertainty in climate change. Nature, 407(6804), 571–572.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tylianakis, J. M., Tscharntke, T., & Lewis, O. T. (2007). Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food webs. Nature, 445(7124), 202–205.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Esch, H. E., Zhang, S., Srinivasan, M. V., & Tautz, J. (2001). Honeybee dances communicate distances measured by optic flow. Nature, 411(6837), 581–583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, R. A., Carew, M. G., & Maksimenko, T. (2010). Micro Markets Workbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bian, F., & Xie, Y. (Eds.). (2016). Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: Third International Conference, GRMSE 2015, Wuhan, China, October 16-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 569). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baldwin, J. S., Rose-Anderssen, C., & Ridgway, K. (2012). Linnaean and Cladistic Classifications of Manufacturing Systems. In H. A. ElMaraghy (Ed.), Enabling Manufacturing Competitiveness and Economic Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual production (CARV2011), Montreal, Canada, 2-5 October 2011 (pp. 28–34). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 5). Landmark Trial Finds Injection Every Other Month Treats HIV Patients. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Computer Technology: Air Attack Warning System Cannot Process All Radar Track Data (No. IMTEC-91-15). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pathak, A. (2006). The Role of the Protein Phosphatase 1 Inhibitor-1 In Regulation of Murine Cardiac Physiology and Progression of Cardiomyopathy (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, May 28). Our Creation, Our Concern. New York Times, p. WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tromans 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Tromans 2001; Weaver and Zwiers 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weaver and Zwiers 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Esch et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for the Advancement of Counselling
AbbreviationInt. J. Adv. Couns.
ISSN (print)0165-0653
ISSN (online)1573-3246
ScopePsychology (miscellaneous)
Applied Psychology

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