How to format your references using the McDonald Institute Monographs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for McDonald Institute Monographs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochelle, G.T., 2009. Amine scrubbing for CO2 capture, Science (New York, N.Y.) 325(5948), 1652–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moar, W.J. & K.J. Anilkumar, 2007. Plant science. The power of the pyramid, Science (New York, N.Y.) 318(5856), 1561–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor, G.K., R.L. Nudds & A.L.R. Thomas, 2003. Flying and swimming animals cruise at a Strouhal number tuned for high power efficiency, Nature 425(6959), 707–11.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, W., R.W. Burgess, B. Dominguez, S.L. Pfaff, J.R. Sanes & K.F. Lee, 2001. Distinct roles of nerve and muscle in postsynaptic differentiation of the neuromuscular synapse, Nature 410(6832), 1057–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matloff, R. & J.H. Chaillou, 2013. Nonprofit Investment and Development Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
(ed.)Petković, M., 2008. Point Estimation of Root Finding Methods (Lecture Notes in Mathematics). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ary, B. & S. Imre, 2011. Sizing of xDR Processing Systems, in Access Networks: 5th International ICST Conference on Access Networks, AccessNets 2010 and First ICST International Workshop on Autonomic Networking and Self-Management in Access Networks, SELFMAGICNETS 2010, Budapest, Hungary, November 3-5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, eds. R. Szabó, H. Zhu, S. Imre & R. Chaparadza (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 62–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for McDonald Institute Monographs.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. 21 GIFs That Explain Mathematical Concepts. IFLScience 26 August 2014 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Culumber, J.J., 2017. Physician Practice Survival: The Role of Analytics in Shaping the Future, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, J.R., 2016. One Day, Cars Will Connect With Your Fridge and Your Heart, New York Times B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rochelle 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Moar & Anilkumar 2007; Rochelle 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moar & Anilkumar 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMcDonald Institute Monographs
ISSN (print)1363-1349

Other styles