How to format your references using the McDonald Institute Monographs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for McDonald Institute Monographs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeliger, J.C., 2012. Scientists must be taught to manage, Nature 483(7391), 511.
A journal article with 2 authors
Torquato, S. & Y. Jiao, 2009. Dense packings of the Platonic and Archimedean solids, Nature 460(7257), 876–79.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murdoch, W., C.J. Briggs & S. Swarbrick, 2005. Host suppression and stability in a parasitoid-host system: experimental demonstration, Science (New York, N.Y.) 309(5734), 610–13.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bellwood, D.R., T.P. Hughes, C. Folke & M. Nyström, 2004. Confronting the coral reef crisis, Nature 429(6994), 827–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crane, S., 2013. Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Dao. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
(eds.)Murgante, B., S. Misra, A.M.A.C. Rocha, C. Torre, J.G. Rocha, M.I. Falcão, D. Taniar, B.O. Apduhan & O. Gervasi, 2014. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2014: 14th International Conference, Guimarães, Portugal, June 30 – July 3, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiao, S., J. Feng, J. Xing, H. Lai, S. Yan & A. Kassim, 2016. Robust Facial Landmark Detection via Recurrent Attentive-Refinement Networks, in Computer Vision – ECCV 2016: 14th European Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 11–14, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, eds. B. Leibe, J. Matas, N. Sebe & M. Welling (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). Cham: Springer International Publishing, 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for McDonald Institute Monographs.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2016. Adélie Penguins Have An Appetite For Jellyfish With Giant Gonads. IFLScience 28 December 2016 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrie, D.B., 2010. On the Interaction of Wind Energy with Climate and Weather, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Traub, J., 2016. Types of Catastrophe, New York Times BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seeliger 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Seeliger 2012; Torquato & Jiao 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Torquato & Jiao 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Bellwood et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMcDonald Institute Monographs
ISSN (print)1363-1349

Other styles