How to format your references using the McDonald Institute Monographs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for McDonald Institute Monographs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baughman, R.H., 2003. Auxetic materials: avoiding the shrink, Nature 425(6959), 667.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bainer, R. & V. Weaver, 2013. Cell biology. Strength under tension, Science (New York, N.Y.) 341(6149), 965–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berg, R.W., A. Alaburda & J. Hounsgaard, 2007. Balanced inhibition and excitation drive spike activity in spinal half-centers, Science (New York, N.Y.) 315(5810), 390–93.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mu, J., J. Duan, K.D. Makova, D.A. Joy, C.Q. Huynh, O.H. Branch, W.-H. Li & X.-Z. Su, 2002. Chromosome-wide SNPs reveal an ancient origin for Plasmodium falciparum, Nature 418(6895), 323–26.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peterson, R.L., 2016. Trading on Sentiment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
(ed.)Galavotti, M.C., 2006. Cambridge and Vienna: Frank P. Ramsey and the Vienna Circle (Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook [2004]). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Savin-Baden, M. & K. Wimpenny, 2014. What are Arts-Related Methods?, in A Practical Guide to Arts-Related Research, ed. K. Wimpenny. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 45–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for McDonald Institute Monographs.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. 17-Million-Year-Old Whale Fossil Gives Hints To The Dawn Of Humanity. IFLScience 18 March 2015 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waterman, M.A., 2015. Housing for the Homeless Mentally Ill Population: A Grant Writing Project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grimes, W., 2016. Nina Ponomareva, Winner of Historic Gold, Dies at 87, New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baughman 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bainer & Weaver 2013; Baughman 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bainer & Weaver 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Mu et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMcDonald Institute Monographs
ISSN (print)1363-1349

Other styles