How to format your references using the McDonald Institute Monographs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for McDonald Institute Monographs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greer, A.L., 2000. Too hot to melt, Nature 404(6774), 134–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Canup, R.M. & E. Asphaug, 2001. Origin of the Moon in a giant impact near the end of the Earth’s formation, Nature 412(6848), 708–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dekas, A.E., R.S. Poretsky & V.J. Orphan, 2009. Deep-sea archaea fix and share nitrogen in methane-consuming microbial consortia, Science (New York, N.Y.) 326(5951), 422–26.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, K.-H., H.-L. Lo, W.-C. Tang, H.H.-Y. Hsiao & P.-M. Yang, 2014. A gene expression signature-based approach reveals the mechanisms of action of the Chinese herbal medicine berberine, Scientific reports 4, 6394.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin, J.E., 2013. Physics for Radiation Protection. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
(ed.)Badescu, V., 2009. Mars: Prospective Energy and Material Resources. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Agoulnik, A.I., 2007. Relaxin and Related Peptides in Male Reproduction, in Relaxin and Related Peptides, ed. A.I. Agoulnik (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology). New York, NY: Springer, 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for McDonald Institute Monographs.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. The Horrifying Reason One Woman Had Headaches. IFLScience 15 September 2015 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvarez, C., 2015. Support Groups for Children of Depressed Parents: A Grant Proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, K.P., 2006. Workers Warm to Contract Jobs, New York Times 104.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greer 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Canup & Asphaug 2001; Greer 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Canup & Asphaug 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMcDonald Institute Monographs
ISSN (print)1363-1349

Other styles