How to format your references using the McDonald Institute Monographs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for McDonald Institute Monographs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ekeland, I., I., 2000. Mathematics. Curves and numbers, Nature 405(6788), 748–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pagès, V. & R.P. Fuchs, 2003. Uncoupling of leading- and lagging-strand DNA replication during lesion bypass in vivo, Science (New York, N.Y.) 300(5623), 1300–1303.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhurov, V., T. Terzin & M. Grbić, 2004. Early blastomere determines embryo proliferation and caste fate in a polyembryonic wasp, Nature 432(7018), 764–69.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hou, Y., X. Du, S. Scheiner, D.P. McMeekin, Z. Wang, N. Li, M.S. Killian, H. Chen, M. Richter, I. Levchuk, N. Schrenker, E. Spiecker, T. Stubhan, N.A. Luechinger, A. Hirsch, P. Schmuki, H.-P. Steinrück, R.H. Fink, M. Halik, H.J. Snaith & C.J. Brabec, 2017. A generic interface to reduce the efficiency-stability-cost gap of perovskite solar cells, Science (New York, N.Y.) 358(6367), 1192–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Isobe, K., W. Watanabe & K. Itoh, 2013. Functional Imaging by Controlled Nonlinear Optical Phenomena. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
(eds.)Twersky, R.S. & B.K. Philip, 2008. Handbook of Ambulatory AnesthesiaSecond Edition. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Painter, R.M., 2005. Sympathy for the Devil? A Historical Tour of Literature and Cultural Representation, in The Enigma of Good and Evil; The Moral Sentiment in Literature, ed. A.-T. Tymieniecka (Analecta Husserliana). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 65–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for McDonald Institute Monographs.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Enormous Magma Chamber Discovered Deep Below Yellowstone. IFLScience 24 April 2015 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts, S., 2019. The Other Side of Adversity: Surviving a Destructive Leader Experience, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver, N., 2012. The Weatherman Is Not a Moron, New York Times MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ekeland 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Ekeland 2000; Pagès & Fuchs 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pagès & Fuchs 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hou et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleMcDonald Institute Monographs
ISSN (print)1363-1349

Other styles