How to format your references using the McDonald Institute Monographs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for McDonald Institute Monographs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burness, G.P., 2002. Ecology. Elephants, mice, and red herrings, Science (New York, N.Y.) 296(5571), 1245–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butchart, N. & A.A. Scaife, 2001. Removal of chlorofluorocarbons by increased mass exchange between the stratosphere and troposphere in a changing climate, Nature 410(6830), 799–802.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seidel, H.S., M.V. Rockman & L. Kruglyak, 2008. Widespread genetic incompatibility in C. elegans maintained by balancing selection, Science (New York, N.Y.) 319(5863), 589–94.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Luo, C., M. Ibanescu, S.G. Johnson & J.D. Joannopoulos, 2003. Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals, Science (New York, N.Y.) 299(5605), 368–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banks, D., 2012. An Introduction to Thermogeology: Ground Source Heating and Cooling. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
(ed.)Koch-Nolte, F., 2015. Endogenous ADP-Ribosylation (Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Shiver, W. & M. Perla, 2016. Building Your Sales Transformation Roadmap, in 7 Steps to Sales Force Transformation: Driving Sustainable Change in Your Organization, ed. M. Perla. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 81–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for McDonald Institute Monographs.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2015. Planets Might Not Always Be Hiding In Disk Gaps Seen Around Young Stars. IFLScience 3 November 2015 . [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, V., 2010. The Relationship between Visit to a Doctor and the Health Behaviors of Children, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. Justices to Hear Case Testing Rule on Witness, New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burness 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Burness 2002; Butchart & Scaife 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butchart & Scaife 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMcDonald Institute Monographs
ISSN (print)1363-1349

Other styles